Sir John Hotham's East Riding of Yorkshire Trained Band Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
Active1639 to 1643?
CountryEngland
AllegianceEnglish
Parliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir John Hotham
Area RaisedYorkshire
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourYellow (1639)
Flag Designunknown
Field Armies1639
Garrison

Yorkshire Trained Band controlled by Sir John Hotham, governor of Hull

Service History

1639

  • Raised from Hunsley, Bainton Beacons, Harthill, Beverley, Wilton Beacon, Howdenshire and Hull
  • Muster at York
  • May: March to the camp at Birks
  • June: Standoff between Birks and Duns Law

1640

  • September: At Beverley

1641

1642

  • January: Sir John Hotham appointed Governor of Hull by Parliament
  • Captain Hotham secures Hull with 3 companies of the East Riding Trained Band
  • April: Sir John Hotham refuses King Charles I entry into Hull
  • July: Besieged in Hull
  • September: Taking of Howden and Doncaster?
  • September to October: Capt Hotham takes and garrisons Cawood Castle
  • One company at Wressle
  • December: Battle of Tadcaster

1643

  • Garrison of Hull
  • April: Battle of Ancaster Heath (~200)
  • September to October: Besieged in Hull?

1644

  • March: Battle of Newark (3 coy)?

Notes

Sir John Hotham was one of the Colonels of the Yorkshire Trained Bands in 1639, leading his men to the King's camp near Berwick. In January 1642 he was appointed Governor of Hull by Parliament and later his son, Captain John Hotham, led 3 companies of the East Riding Trained Band to secure Hull. In April 1642 Sir John famously refused to allow King Charles to enter the city, then in July 1642 was besieged by the King's embryonic Royalist Army, including a number of Yorkshire Trained Bands. The Hothams' garrison of Hull therefore appears to be based on a core of the Trained Band but was supplemented by a large reinforcement shipped up from London with Meldrum during the siege and likely much local recruiting. This likely meant that the regiment transformed into a 'volunteer' unit, but currently it is retained here in the Trained Band section for convenience.

200 of Hotham's greycoats served at Ancaster Heath, where half were captured. One of the Yorkshire Trained Bands sent three companies to Meldrum that fought at the Battle of Newark. Whether these were from the regiment that had been Hotham's is uncertain.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

There is a reference to grey coated East Riding Trained Band men in Beverley in 1640: It is ordered that whereas the trayne band in Yorkshire are to attend his majestie in the service now intended, that everie common soldier for this town shall have a grey coat for the value of eight shillings or thereabouts at discretion of Mr. Maier (7th September 1640, BC/II/7/4 Minute book of the Governors and Beverley Corporation, 1597-1660).

Hotham's men wore grey coats during the First Civil War 2), perhaps brought by the reinforcements sent up from London by ship and equipped from the Adventurers' Stores. Hotham also had a bodyguard of six men dressed in red coats.

In 1639 the regiment carried 6 yellow colours during the First Bishops' War 3).

Notable Officers

Sir John Hotham

Sir John Hotham (elder and younger)

Officer Lists

East Riding Trained Band of 1639

  • Col. Sir John Hotham
  • Capt. Sir Marmaduke Langdale
  • Capt. Sir John Lister
  • Capt. Sir Richard Remington
  • Capt. John Hotham
  • Capt. Robert Crompton
  • Capt. William Goodricke
  • Capt. Christopher Ledgerd

Hull Garrison 1642 to 1643

  • Col. Sir John Hotham
  • Lt. Col. Christopher Legard 13.03.42 -
  • Major William Goodricke 31.10.42 -
  • Major Jefford 17.10.42 -
  • Capt. William Goodricke 13.03.42 - 20.03.43?
  • Capt. William Anlaby 19.03.42 -
  • Capt. Robert Overton 25.04.42 -
  • Capt. Christopher Alured 04.07.42 -
  • Capt. Timothy Scarfe 04.07.42 -
  • Capt. Robert Legard 11.07.42 -
  • Capt. Robert Hammond 18.07.42 -
  • Capt. George Purefoy 25.07.42 - 20.03.43
  • Capt. Andrew Carter 25.07.42 - 27.03.43
  • Capt. Simon Matthews 25.07.42 -
  • Capt. Hugh Bethell 31.10.42 -
  • Capt. Appleyard 13.03.42 - 20.03.43?
  • Capt. Robert Owram 31.10.42 - 25.04.43
  • Capt. Lowenger 19.03.42 - 13.03.43?
  • Lt. John Northend (to Major Goodricke)
  • Lt. Bethell (to Capt. Bethell)

(Information kindly provided by David Evans)

Strength

  • 1639: 1040 men from Hunsley, Bainton Beacons, Harthill, Beverley, Wilton Beacon, Howdenshire and Hull
  • May 1639: 867 men 4)

Muster Rolls of Hull Garrison

The Garrison of Hull 1642 to 1643.

Although there are a few Muster Rolls as yet uncovered for the regiments under the command of Lord Fairfax, oddly enough the rolls of the Garrison of Hull manage to have survived almost complete from 1642 right though to 1648. This section deals with the Muster Book from early 1642 to the summer of 1643. Sir John Hotham was made Governor of Hull by Parliament in January 1642. His son, Capt. John Hotham, moved north almost immediately, gaining control of Hull with 2- 300 men of the East Riding Trained Band. The garrison of Hull was set at 240 men in February, and expanded to 700 men and then 1,000 men by March 1642. As can be seen there is a gap in the run, December 1642 to mid March 1643, when the garrison lost 5 companies and about 600 men. This gap does not coincide with Capt. John Hotham's most active period out of Hull in early September 1642 when he marched out of Hull with about 500 men and 2 Troops of Horse and placed a garrison in Cawood reported to be about 5-600 men.

In July 1642 an Ordinance raised 2,000 men to reinforce Hull. Sir John is famous for his denial of Hull to the King in April 1642. Sir John and the garrison resisted the Earl of Linsdey in the first siege of Hull after his refusal of the King, sortieing out of Hull with 500 Trained Bandsmen in July 1642. During October 1642 600 men held Cawood Castle, detached from the garrison. A Company under the command of Capt. Carter held the small castle at Wressle. A number of Companies were marched into Beverley in March 1643, when Beverley offered to billet some of the Troops.

Sir John regretted his initial choice of sides during mid-1643 and attempted to change loyalties but was caught out. He, and his son, were removed and executed for treason later that year. After the removal of Hotham Sir Matthew Boynton was nominated as Governor and Commander of the garrison, but was rejected by the town in preference for Lord Fairfax. The temporary Committee for the Defence of Hull removed some of the officers of the garrison due to suspicions over their loyalties. If this book only relates to the garrison of Hull then it is possible that Sir John Hotham commanded upwards of 4,000 men.

  • 13.03.42 4 Companies 53 Officers 560 men
  • 19.03.42 6 Companies 62 Officers 860 men
  • 26.03.42 6 Companies 60 Officers 860 men
  • 02.04.42 6 Companies 60 Officers 860 men
  • 11.04.42 6 Companies 62 Officers 860 men
  • 18.04.42 6 Companies 62 Officers 860 men
  • 25.04.42 7 Companies 72 Officers 960 men
  • 09.05.42 7 Companies 72 Officers 967 men
  • 16.05.42 7 Companies 72 Officers 990 men
  • 23.05.42 7 Companies 72 Officers 987 men
  • 30.05.42 7 Companies 72 Officers 969 men
  • 06.06.42 7 Companies 71 Officers 978 men
  • 13.06.42 7 Companies 72 Officers 993 men
  • 20.06.42 7 Companies 72 Officers 997 men
  • 27.06.42 7 Companies 72 Officers 899 men
  • 04.07.42 8 Companies 82 Officers 1088 men
  • 11.07.42 10 Companies 102 Officers 1292 men
  • 18.07.42 11 Companies 113 Officers 1530 men
  • 25.07.42 14 Companies 142 Officers 2031 men
  • 01.08.42 14 Companies 143 Officers 2119 men
  • 08.08.42 12 Companies 126 Officers 1983 men
  • 15.08.42 13 Companies 136 Officers 1963 men
  • 22.08.42 13 Companies 139 Officers 1950 men
  • 29.08.42 13 Companies 139 Officers 1898 men
  • 05.09.42 13 Companies 139 Officers 1932 men
  • 12.09.42 13 Companies 140 Officers 1940 men
  • 19.09.42 12 Companies 132 Officers 1822 men
  • 26.09.42 12 Companies 131 Officers 1778 men
  • 03.10.42 12 Companies 133 Officers 1768 men
  • 10.10.42 11 Companies 130 Officers 1644 men
  • 17.10.42 12 Companies 129 Officers 1621 men
  • 24.10.42 12 Companies 128 Officers 1675 men
  • 31.10.42 14 Companies 149 Officers 1725 men
  • 07.11.42 13 Companies 148 Officers 1692 men
  • 14.11.42 14 Companies 148 Officers 1820 men
  • 21.11.42 13 Companies 147 Officers 1652 men
  • 28.11.42 13 Companies 137 Officers 1639 men
  • note gap of nearly 4 months
  • 13.03.43 7 Companies 64 Officers 834 men
  • 20.03.43 8 Companies 81 Officers 1044 men
  • 27.03.43 7 Companies 72 Officers 1078 men
  • 03.04.43 7 Companies 72 Officers 1083 men
  • 10.04.43 7 Companies 72 Officers 1055 men
  • 17.04.43 7 Companies 72 Officers 1067 men
  • 24.04.43 7 Companies 72 Officers 1074 men
  • 01.05.43 7 Companies 72 Officers 1076 men
  • 15.05.43 8 Companies 82 Officers 1179 men
  • 22.05.43 8 Companies 82 Officers 1204 men
  • 29.05.43 9 Companies 88 Officers 1122 men
  • 05.06.43 9 Companies 91 Officers 1159 men

To these figures must be added 1 Minister, 1 Surgeon, 1 Provost, 1 Conductor, 6 Carbine Guards, 6 Cannoners, and 6 Odd men.

(Information kindly provided by David Evans)

In addition, the Hull Garrison on 26th February 1642 consisted of the Colonel, Sergeant Major of the Town, Captain, Lieutenant, Ensign, 3 Sergeants, 3 Corporals, 3 Drummers, 2 Cannoneers and 240 soldiers for a total of 256 5), seemingly organised as one large company.

See Also

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) Original research by BCW wiki contributor 1642
4) Rushworth's 'Historical Collections: 1639, March-June', Historical Collections of Private Passages of State: Volume 3: 1639-40, pp. 885-946. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74912 Date accessed: 24 June 2014
5) Journals of the House of Commons II 457