Surrey Trained Bands

  • East Division Trained Band
  • Middle Division Trained Band
  • West Division Trained Band
  • Surrey Auxiliaries (Sir Richard Onslow)
  • Surrey Trained Band Horse (Sir Richard Onslow)

The Surrey Trained Bands of 1638 consisted of 1,500 men armed with 604 muskets and 896 corslets (body armour, signifying pikemen). They also mustered 63 cuirassiers and 66 harquebusiers.

In March 1640 it was ordered that Trained Band men should be shipped to Newcastle for service against the Scots: Surrey 800. To be shipt the sixth of June at Gravesend, to be at the General Rendezvouz the twenty first of May, to march thence the second of June.1).

On January 17th 1642 Sir Richard Onslow mustered the Surrey Trained Bands on behalf of Parliament and secured the arsenal at Kingston-upon-Thames. Onslow served as colonel of the Surrey militia horse from 1626 to 16422). In autumn 1642 he was commissioned to raise a troop of horse and a regiment of foot termed the Surrey Auxiliaries, likely from the Trained Bands. These served as garrison of Guilford and at the siege of Basing in 1644 Then likely disbanded in spring 1645 after Onslow resigned his commissions under the Self Denying Ordinance3)

In 1651 the Surrey militia mustered again under Onslow's command, were ordered to rendezvous at Oxford, then part of the Surrey militia fought under Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester. There is a Wikipedia page on the Surrey Trained Bands.

Service History


  • August to September: Siege of Portsmouth
  • September: Siege of Southsea Castle?
  • November: Defence of Kingston upon Thames

Coats and Flags

The Surrey Auxiliaries wore red coats and carried red flags 4).