Sir John Stawell’s Somerset Trained Band Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir John Stawell
Area RaisedSomerset
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies

Somerset Trained Band supporting the Royalists

Service History

1643

  • June: Taking of Taunton?

1644

  • April to June: Siege of Lyme Regis?
  • July: Besieged in Taunton

1645

  • July: Battle of Langport
  • August to September: Besieged at Bristol (Ens. Knight at least was in Windmill Fort)

Notes

In garrison at Bristol at some stage.

Flags and Equipment

Equipped entirely with muskets when at Bristol.

Notable Officers

Sir John Stawell

William Reeves

Reeves originally fought for the Royalists as major of Sir John Stawell’s Somerset Trained Band Regiment of Foot, besieged at Taunton in 1644 he surrendered too swiftly and was imprisoned at Bristol. While awaiting the death sentence he escaped and joined the Parliamentarians. By 1649 he was part of the supposedly Royalist garrison of Cork, that defected to Parliament and in 1650 he raised a regiment for service in Ireland, Colonel William Reeves’ Regiment of Foot.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

  • Colonel Sir John Stawell
  • Lieutenant Colonel Powell Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major William Reeve Lt. Gov of Taunton FOOT
  • Captain Philip Atherton (2) + I.O. Somerset
  • Captain Francis Clark Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Henry Denham (4) + I.O. Somerset
  • Captain William Dennis I.O. Somerset
  • Captain Gerard Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Thomas Knoylle I.O. Somerset
  • Captain Richard Newcourt I.O. Somerset
  • Captain Roger Newcourt (1)
  • Captain Thomas Simcocks (5) + I.O. Somerset
  • Captain Stawell Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Henry Winter I.O. Somerset
  • Lieutenant John Bull (3)
  • Lieutenant Andrew Cousins I.O. Wilts. to Capt. Stawell
  • Lieutenant John Haggard I.O. Somerset to Capt. Gerard
  • Lieutenant William Knoylle I.O. Somerset to Capt. Winter
  • Ensign John Clapp I.O. Devon to Capt. Clark
  • Ensign Thomas Furzare I.O. Somerset to Lt. Col. Powell
  • Ensign George Knight (6)
  • Ensign Prichard (3)
  • Ensign Thomas Warham I.O. Somerset to Capt. Winter
  • Ensign John Willys I.O. Somerset to Capt. Winter
  • Quartermaster Alexander Fellow I.O. Dorset to Capt. Winter

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

(1)SP23.185.928 Extract To the Honourable Committee for Compounding with Delinquents sitting att Goldsmiths Hall The humble petition of Roger Newcourt of Bagborrowe in the County of Somersett Gent Sheweth that he was heretofore a Captaine of (a) foot company for the King in this warr but voluntarily rendered himselfe to the power of the Parliament in Nober last and then took the Negative Oath and National Covenant.

Roger Newcourt Rec'd 4 August 1646.

SP23.185.931 Gentleman, At the instance of Roger Newcourt of Bagborowe in the County of Somersett Gentleman we doe certify that he was a Captaine in Armes against the Parliament in the Regiment of Sir John Stawell and voluntarily came into us at Axbridge in November last and took ye National League and Covenant and the Negative Oath. Hee hath bought of us his goods and ye estimate reall Estate in our County is hereinclosed presented you by Gentlemen Your humble servants He: Henley Edw:Caly Jonath: Pitt Nich: Sandes Tho: Franais Tho: English Ri: Trevillian

Wells 31 July 1646

(2) Gentlemans Magazine January 11 1868 A Letter from John A.C. Vincent Written in the Calendars for the Archdeanory of Totnes by Phillip Atherton

'This book goes home to 1647, being in the tyme of the great rebellion against King Charles 1; which R:(rebellion) began 1642. In which warre I was a Captain of Foote for the King, my Eldest bro: Edw: Atherton Captain of horse, slain at Marston Moore fight and my youngest brother Ensign, who came with the Duke of Alby (Albany) Munke from Scotland to London.'

(3) SP23.179.735

The humble petition of John Bull (of North Cadbury, Somerset). Sheweth, That your petitioner was a Lieutenant of a Foote Companie under the Command of Lord Hopton in which service he acted untill the fight at Langport where he was taken prisoner and sent upp to London where hee since hath remayned in prison untill the 11th day of November last past. Your petitioner was discharged by the Committee of Prisoners uppon sufficient Bayle given for his conformity to ye Parliament. That hee is hartily sorrowfull for his error and humbly submitts to ye mercy of Parlyment and prayeth that hee may bee admitted to a favorable Composition with consideration to his Estate which is truely presented to you in a particular annexed. And hee shall pry &e.

John Bull

Tooke ye Oath this 24th November 1646.

E.293.17 Among a list of those captured at Langport. Sir John Stowels Regt. Lieu. Bull

(4) SP23.167.141 Case of Joseph Cox of Hayland Co. Somerset. Deposition taken before the late Committee of the County of Somerset against the said Joseph Cox. John Evans of Inglesbatre in the County aforesaid sworne sayeth that Joseph Cox of Hayland in the County aforesaid, Gent. did acknowledge that he had formerly rode armed amongst the Kings party, alsoe this deponent further saith that Captaine Denham formerly in arms for the malignant party did affirme that the said Cox rode in armes as much as him the said Denham.

Harl. Mss. 6802 f.205 To our trusty &e. Sir Francis Hawley Knight and Lt. Governor of Bristoll and to the officers of the Magazine there. Whereas we have given our Commission to our trusty and welbeloved Sir John Stowell Knt. to be Colonell of a Brigade of Horse to be raysed in our County of Somersett. Our will and pleasure therefore is that you from time to time furnish him with such armes as he shall desire out of the manufacture of armes in that City, hee paying for the same.And for your so doeing this shall be your warrant. Given at Liskeard 4th August 1644 The like warrant for Mr John Coventry.

(5) SP23.194.462 Extract. The humble petition of Thomas Symcocks of Butley in ye County of Somersett esq. Shewing that ye petitioner at ye beginning of these unhappie warrs did receave a Commission for a Captayne in ye Kings army & did then leade a foote Company under John Stowell in ye Towne of Taunton…

Thomas Symcocks 13. May 1646

SP23.194.467 Gentlemen, At the instance of Thomas Simcocks of Butleigh in this County Esq. wee doe certify that he was a Captaine in the Kinges Army and a Grand Jury man when divers persons that adhered unto the Parliament were indicted of high treason.But we are credibly informed that he layd down his Commission in or about February 1643 before Prince Maurice went before Lyme: That he was committed by our order in August last MORE

(6) HMC appendix2 to 7th Report County of Somerset.

7.3.1660 That George Knight of Taunton Co. Somerset Carpenter, was for eighteen months an Ensign in Captain Henry Winters Foot Company in the Regiment of Sir John Stowell Knt. and that at the storming & taking the Windmill Fort at Bristol since called the Royal Fort the said George Knight was very much wounded.

Will. Bassett, Will. Wyndham, Hugh Wyndham, Fra. Luttrell, John Warre, Jo. Tynte, John Coxe, John Willes.

Go to somerset and find originals.

Sargeant Major Reeve of his Regiment Deputy Governor of Taunton surrendered the Castle. He had only 80 men. He marched to Bridgewater and was questioned about the surrender. He escaped from Bristol and joined the rebels. WALKER 41 + 2.I believe he besieged Donnington with his Greycoats.

f.669.19.12 The humble petition of William Caddy of Taunton and Nicholas Ward of Chard in Somerset.

Caddy had lost three Sons in Parliamemt service and was himself cast into a loathsome jail in Ilchester for 14 months on the immediate command of Sir John Stawell. Nicholas Ward had his nose and one finger cut off and one of his eyes cut out and 26 other wounds besides all done by Stowells own cruel hand.

Ilchester Governor was Col. Phillips/Phelips who abandoned it in 1645'6 according to Anglia Rediviva There was an Edward Phelips and a Lt. Col. Robert Phelips so I think that one or both are connected to Stawell/Stowell

Strength

See Also