Lord Keeper Littleton’s Oxford Auxiliary Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelLord Keeper Littleton
Duke of York
Area RaisedOxford
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Later The Duke of York's Oxford Auxiliary Regiment of Foot

One of two Oxford Auxiliary regiments of the First Civil War

Service History

1644

  • April:Commissioned by the King
  • May: Raised in Oxford
  • July: Relief of Greenland House

1645

  • May to June: Besieged in Oxford

1646

  • May to June: Besieged in Oxford

Notes

The regiment were not precisely Trained Band but were part-time soldiers, formed from ‘Gentlemen of the Inns of Court’ and their servants into a regiment for the defence of Oxford.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Ordered to be issued 100 bandoliers, 4 drums and 6 halberds in May 1644.

Notable Officers

Lord Keeper Littleton

Edward Littleton, 1st Lord Littleton was Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England during the First Civil War until his death in 1645.

Duke of York

Was nominal Colonel of the regiment after the death of Littleton.

Officer Lists

  • Colonel Lord Keeper Edward Littleton
  • Colonel James, Duke of York
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Sargeant Major Sir John Bankes (1)
  • Sargeant Major Walter Vernon (3)
  • Captain John Brydall (2)
  • Captain Escott
  • Captain Robert Holborne (1)
  • Captain William Scroggs (4)
  • Captain Walter Vernon
  • Captain Lieutenant Edward Hyde (1)
  • Captain Lieutenant John Brydall
  • Ensign Peter Warner I.O. L + W to Capt. Vernon

Contemporary References

Blacks Docquets Commission to Edward Littleton to rayse, enrol and retayne one Regiment by the name of Auxiliaries consisting of Gentlemen of the Inns of Court and Chancery and all of the Officers and Ministers…. for the security of the University and City of Oxford. 21.5.1644

C2603 GOOD copy all.. See Earl of Dovers Regiment of Foot for the Kings Proclamation 24th May 1644

By the King. A Proclamation for the better Defence of the Kings Royal Person, and of theis Universitie and City.

Whereas by our proclamation of the 28 of Aprill past, taking notice of the desires of the Lords and Commons of Parliament here assembled, we did straitly charge and command all persons whatsoever residing in this University and City speedily to list themselves in the Regiment of Auxiliaries under the command of the Earl of Dover, which is upon no occasion to march out of this City upon service, otherwise then upon sallys in case of a siege, or other extraordinary occasion; and whereas we have since given a like Commision to the Lord Littleton, Keeper of our Great Seale, to raise one other Regiment of Auxiliaries to consist of Gentlemen of the Innes of Court, and others appertaining to the Law: Notwithstanding which MORE

(1) E.51.18 The Parliament Scout No.52 13-20.6.1644 Give us leave this weeke to tell you in the first place some Oxford stories, as they are talked by their friends in London, one tells us that Sir John Culpepper and others are committed, another that my Lord Littleton is made Colonell, that Sir John Bankes is Sargeant Major of the same Regiment, it's a Regiment no doubt of Lawyers, Mr Hide is Captain Lieutenant to the Colonell, and Master Holborne first Captain:

A slightly less accurate report appears in a later edition of

E.54.17 The Court Mercurie No.2 2-10.7.1644 The Lord Littelton has laid down the civillty of his learned Robe, and inveiled himselfe in Armour of proofe, and raised a Regiment of Horse, which he calls the laws defence, his whole Regiment consists of Inns of Court and Chancery men, Doctors and Proctors. Master Byerley a Councellor of Grays Inn is one of his chief officers (The Mercurians are become Martialists).

(2) SP29.6.86

SP23.198.743 Pass for Captaine John Brydall Esq. Bachelor of Law & Notary Publique dated 24th June 1646 Oxford Articles Fairfax

Add. Mss. 14294 f.3

Mr John Brydall Esquire, Batchelor of Law …hath faithfully served his late Majestie of ever blessed memory as Captaine & Captaine Lieutenant of ye Company of Foot commanded by ye right honorable Edward Lord Littleton, Lord Keeper of ye Great Seale and afterwards by his Highness Duke of Yorke.

1st August 1661.

E.2.25 The Court Mercurie No.3 10-20.7.1644 Mr Byerley, one of the Officers belonging to the late Lord Keeper Littletons Regiment, we heare for sure is made Chief Justice of the Kings Bench. The Regiment of the late Lord Keeper Littleton is returned from Greenland house with some loss, amongst the hurt souldiers was one person of note desperately wounded, his name Symons late one of the Justices of the Peace for the County of Surrey.

E.2.3 The True Informer 6-13th July 1644 On Munday last the Lord Littletons Regiment were sent forth for the relief of Greenland House, but stayed not long there but returned with much losse ,by occasion of some Grenadoes that were throwne into the House at their being there. The siege of the House is yet continued, and Major General Browne was on Thursday at Wickham, and is by this time before it.

E.54.21 Mercurius Civicus No.59 4-11.7.1644 The Lord Keepers Regiment at Oxford is still continued,and Mr. Byerley a Councellor of Grays Inn is Major therein.

7.8.1645 cspd letter of Sir Edw. Nicholas to John Ashburnham mentions the Regiment of Lord Keepers is now the Duke of Yorks.

WO55.423.223

To our Trusty and welbeloved Henry Lord Percy Generall of our Artillery. To our Trusty and welbeloved Sir John Heydon Knight Lieutenant Generall of our Ordnance & all other Officers of our Ordnance whome it may concerne.

Charles R Our will and pleasure is that you forthwith cause to be delivered out of our Magazine one hundred Bandaleers for the use of the Regiment of Auxiliaries under the command of the right honourable Lord Keeper and this our Warrant with receipts for the same shalbe your sufficient discharge.Given under our Signe Manual at our Court at Oxford this 28th of May 1644. By his Majestys command.

Edw: Walker

Oxford The 28th of May 1644 Received out of his Majesties stores at New colledge by appointment and for the use of the Regiment of Auxiliaries under the command of the right honourable Lord Keeper Bandeleres 100 Daniel Baynham servant to the Lord Keeper.

WO55.423.224

To our Trusty and welbeloved Henry Lord Percy Generall of our Artillery. To our Trusty and welbeloved Sir John Heydon Knight Lieutenant Generall of our Ordnance & all other Officers of our Ordnance whome it may concerne.

Charles R Our will and pleasure is that you forthwith deliver out of our Magazine to such person as our Right trusty and welbeloved Councillor Edward Lord Littleton Keeper of our Great Seale of England shall appeare to receive the same 4 Drums and 6 Halberts for the use of his Regiment of Auxiliaries and this our Warrant with his aquittance to you for the same shall be your sufficient discharge. Given under our Signe Manual at our Court at Oxford this 30th of May 1644.

You May not fayle to deliver the Drums and Halberts hereby required at least so many of them as remayne in your custody. By his Majestys command.

Edw: Walker

31st May dd. by indenture to Mr Baynham Servant to my Lord Keeper.

(3) Cirencester Burial Register

  • 20th January 1644/45 Walter Vernum a Major *

(4) History of Pembroke College Will. Scroggs Captain of a Foot Company,afterwards Lord Chief Justice of England.

B.A. 1640,m.a. 1643.

Strength

See Also