Earl of Dover’s Oxford Auxiliary Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Dover
Area RaisedOxford
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

One of two Oxford Auxiliary regiments of the First Civil War

Service History

1644

  • April to May: Raised in Oxford

1645

  • May to June: Besieged in Oxford

1646

  • May to June: Besieged in Oxford

Notes

The regiment were not precisely Trained Band but were part-time soldiers, formed from ‘Scholars and Strangers’ into a regiment for the defence of Oxford.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

When they are upon dutie in the service of warrr they are in colourd clothes and cloakes, otherwise they weare their gownes. The regiment was ordered to be issued with 200 pikes in April 1644.

Notable Officers

Earl of Dover

Henry Carey, 1st Earl of Dover had fought at Edgehill as a volunteer in the The King’s Lifeguard Regiment of Horse1).

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Henry Carey, Earl of Dover
  • Captain James Bradshaw (1) + I.O. L + W
  • Captain Edward Freeman (7)
  • Captain Thomas Holyoake (6)
  • Captain M Lloyd (2)
  • Captain Partridge Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Thomas Read I.O. L + W
  • Captain Samuel Reniger I.O. Southampton
  • Captain Lord Heath (5)
  • Captain Lord Friar (4)
  • Lieutenant William Ball I.O. Oxford
  • Lieutenant Thomas Freebody (5) to Capt. Lord Heath
  • Lieutenant Richard Heskith I.O. L + W to Capt. Partridge
  • Lieutenant Roger Jones (3)
  • Ensign Arthur Colcott I.O. L + W to Capt. Bradshaw

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Bradshawe's Petition

(1) SP23.71.45 Extract. To the honourable Committee for Composition with Delinquents sitting att Goldsmiths Hall The humble petition of James Bradshawe of London Mercer

Humbly sheweth that in the beginning of this unnaturall warr hee did desert his vocacion and frequented severall of the Kinges Garrisons and took upp Armes for him against the Parliament of England. And was in Oxford duringe the siege, and att the surrender thereof to ye power of the Parliament and is comprized within the Articles agreed thereupon.

James Bradshawe

SP23.71.181 is a printed pass from Fairfax dated 30th June 1646 for Captain James Bradshaw to have the benefit of Oxford Articles.

SP29.225 No.225 + 225i States he was a mercer in London when the war broke out.

Captain Lloyd

(2) E.336.14 M Lloyd a student of Christ Church Oxford and a Captain of that garrison

Lt Jones

(3) SP23.95.203 London Roger Jones a Scholler in New Colledge in Oxon.

A warrant issued forth to seize his estate xxix November 1644 uppon information that he was a Leiut. in Oxon in armes against the Parliament.

Sequested the rents of severall tennements neere Whittington Collidge of the yearly value of thirty seaven pounds.

The sequestration discharged 23 March 1645 upon an order from ye Committee for Compounding with delinquents. The above written is a true coppie of what is returned by ye late Committee for Sequestrations in London, concerning the above said Roger Jones.

Winde's Letter

(4) Harl.Mss.6802 f.344 + 346 Letter of Sir Robert Winde a soldier in Lord Friars Company. 18.12.1644

Freebody's Petition

(5) SP29.6.52 June ? 1660 Extract.

To the Kings most exellent Majestie The humble petition of Thomas Freebody Gent

Most humbly sheweth that your petitioner to manifest his loyaltie and good affection to your Majesties late father King Charles the first (of blessed memory) and consequently to his royal person did venture to joyne with Chaloner and Tomkins in that whereof they were arrested and for which they suffered with the losse of their lifes (your petitioner with great hazard escaping by flight to Oxford) where he was entertained and served under Sir Nicholas Crispe until that hee was taken prisoner at Cirencester uppon whose flight the petitioners goods and estate were seized on by the Parliament and his wife and family turned into the streete.

That afterward the petitioner makeing his escape out of prison returned to Oxford and was made leftennant to the Lord Heath in the Regiment of Schollers commanded by the Earle of Dover, and continued the same place untill the surrender of Oxford…

Yates' Certificate

(6) SP29.22.18.ii

Wee the subscribers doe hereby humbly certifie whome it may concerne that the bearer Richard Yates faithfully served his late Majestie of blessed memorie in the warr under Captaine Holyoake in the Regiment of the Honourable the Earle of Dover and continued the said service until the surrender of Oxford and hath ever since remained faithfull and loyall to his Majestie and been forward upon all occasions to hazard his life and fortune to promote his Majesties interest for which his knowne loyaltie he hath been severall times in danger to be banished from his familie and habitation by the late usurpers,threatened with imprisonment and compelled to give securitie for his quiet demeanour under their Tirany.

Given under our hands this 25th day of July (1660)

Tho: Sallaway Maior of Horse and Foote Hen: Dover Tho: Holyoake Capt Geo: Wharton Capt of Horse Edm: Garnett Lt. of Foote William Napper Lieut. Coll: John Temple Cornett Hugh Proudlove Captaine

Athenae Oxonienses Thomas Holyoake of Stony Thorp Warwickshire. Chaplin of Queens College and Commissioned as Captain of a Foot Company consisting mostly of scholars

Freeman's Petition

(7) SP29.22.156 November 1660 ? Extract To the Kings most excellent Majesty The humble petition of Edward Freeman gent

Sheweth that your petitioner having faithfully served Majesty with the frequent hazard of his life, laying out his poor fortune in buying Horses and Armes for 300 Scholars who all chose your petitioner for their Captain and listed themselves under him, hath thereby so disabled himself that his debts are growen too strong and numerous for his reputation:

Exact Journall

E.254.1 A diary or an exact Journall 4-11.7.1644

’The first and principall regiment is commanded by Henry Carey the old Earl of Dover and in this regiment are numbered all the schollers who are either of fitting yeeres or abilities to bear armes; when they are upon dutie in the service of warrr they are in colourd clothes and cloakes, otherwise they weare their gownes and have their standing commons allowed them by messes in their halls according to the ancient custome of the universitie.

To theis Regiment are added many gentlemen who come in as volunteers to devote their fortunes and their lives to the service of his majestie.

This regiment (they say) exceeds the other in judgement and courage, and they are not upon any occasion to move farre from the universitie; Thay are said to bee in number about one thousand. ’

Pikes

Harl. Mss.6802 f.134 Deliver to Earl of Dover 200 Pikes for Regiment of Auxiliaries. 24.4.1644

Muster

William Dugdales Diary 21.5.1644 Earl of Dovers Regiment of Auxiliaries mustered on Bullington Green.

He also had a Troop of Horse WO.55.459.516 20 CASE OF PISTOLS WITH HOLSTERS AND 20 CARBINES EARL OF DOVERS TROOP OF HORSE QTRMASTER ? ? check

Strength

  • Estimated as 1000 in 1644 by the 'Exact Journall', probably not to be trusted for accuracy.

See Also

1) The Old Service: Royalist regimental colonels and the Civil War, 1642-6 P.R. Newman, Manchester University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-7190-3752-2