Yellow Regiment of Foot of the London Trained Bands

Flag Illustration1)
Active1642-
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir John Wollaston
Ralph Harrison
Laurence Bromfield
Robert Tichbourne
William Vale
Coat Colour
Area RaisedFarringdon Within, Castle Baynard
and Aldersgate: London
Flag ColourYellow
Flag DesignBlack Mullets
Field ArmiesWaller 1644

Regiment of foot of the London Trained Bands

Service History

1642

  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green

1643

1644

  • 29th March: Battle of Cheriton
  • April: Siege of Bishop’s Waltham

1645

  • June: Escort Royalist prisoners to London from Naseby
  • Wollaston relinquishes Colonelcy

1646

  • Ralph Harrison Colonel

1647

  • Bromfield Colonel until Harrison restored by the Independents

1658

  • Robert Tichbourne made Colonel

1659

  • John Owen made Colonel, replaced by William Vale Colonel to 1660

Notes

Flags

The regiment carried yellow flags with black stars in April 1642 and September 1643 2).

Notable Officers

A list of officers is shown in Laurence Spring's Waller's Army, The Regiments of Sir William Waller's Southern Association The Pike and Shot Association 2007 ISBN 978-1-902768-34-2

Sir John Wollaston

Sir John Wollaston, Lord Mayor of London in 1643.

Ralph Harrison

Colonel in 1646, replaced by the Presbyterians in 1647 then restored by the Independents

Laurence Bromfield

Colonel in 1647 under the Presbyterians

Robert Tichbourne

A skinner, he commanded the yellow regiment in 1658

John Owen

A stationer, Colonel 1659

William Vale

A vintner, Colonel 1659-1660

Thomas Bludworth

Bludworth transferred from the Orange Regiment of Foot of the London Trained Bands and was colonel from 1660.

Officer Lists

April 1642

3rd Regiment, The Yellow Regiment “The Distinctions Sable being mullets”3)

  • Colonel: Sir John Wollaston
  • Lt-Col John Venn; Lt John Fenton; Ens Patrick Bamford
  • Major William Geere; Lt William Burles; Ens Robert Ashton
  • 1st Capt Richard Turner; Lt Samuel Turner; Ens John Alford
  • 2nd Capt Ralph Harrison; Lt Charles Jennings; Ens Ralph Woodcock
  • 3rd Capt Richard Cuthbert; Lt William Hichcot; Ens Edward Brandwood
  • 4th Capt Robert Tichbourn; Lt Matthew Andrewes; Ens Hamon Hart
  • “Colonel's Captain” William Bariffe; Lt Robert Farington; Ens Samuel Manning
  • Quartermaster: John Melton

September 1642

The London Bands Alarm Places4) The Yellow Regiment of the London Trained Bands

  • Colonel: Sir John Wollaston: West end of Cheap Side
  • Lt Colonel: John Venn: Newgate within
  • Major: William Geere: Ludgate within
  • Captain: Richard Turner: Puddle Wharf
  • Ralph Harrison: Aldersgate St by Longlane End
  • Richard Cuthbert: Austingate in St Paul's Churchyard
  • Robert Tichbourn: Aldersgate within

September 1643

The Yellow Regiment of the London Trained Bands (7 companies)5)

  • Colonel: Sir John Wollaston, Knight, Alderman
  • Captain-Lieutenant: John Brett, a Grocer silk painting colours
  • Lieutenant-Colonel: Ralph Harrison, Woollen draper in Watling St
  • Major: Richard Cuthbert, a woollen draper in Fleet St
  • Captain: Robert Tichborne, a Linen in Cheapside
  • Captain: Walter Lee, a haberdasher in Ludgate
  • Captain: William Hitchcock, a woollen draper living in Watling St
  • Captain: (blank)

October 1646

Lining the route of procession at the Earl of Essex's funeral6)

City Yellow Tr. Band

  • Col Ralph Harrison
  • Lt Col Richard. Cuthbert
  • Major Walter Lee
  • Capt Andrew Neale
  • Capt John Haine
  • Capt John Fenton

July 1647

Officers granted arrears in the final hours of the Presbyterian Militia Committee’s existence on 23 July 1647 7).

City Yellow Trained Band

  • Col Laurence Bromfield
  • Lt Col Walter Lee
  • Major Andrew Neale
  • Capt John Haine
  • Capt Nicholas Widmerpoole
  • Capt Henry Potter
  • Capt John Hinde

December 1647

Officers after re-organisation under the dominance of the Independents8).

City Yellow Trained Band

  • Col Ralph Harrison
  • Lt Col John Fenton
  • Major Doyle
  • Capt Gervase Blackwell
  • Capt John Stone
  • Capt White
  • Capt Sherborne

Strength

  • April 1642: 7 companies
  • September 1643: 506 muskets 448 pikes about 70 officers (1024) in 7 companies
  • March 1644: 7 companies at Cheriton

See Also

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) The Names Dignitie & Places of the Severall Colonells…, London 1642. British Library Thomason Tracts E669 f6 (10).
4) British Library Thomason Tracts E669 f6
5) The London Trained Bands Mustered in Finsbury Fields 26 September 1643; Ensignes of the Regiments in the rebellious Citty of London, National Army Museum Ms 6807-53
6) The Militia of London 1641-1649 PhD Thesis, Lawson Chase Nagel, King’s College, University of London, 1982.
7) , 8) The Militia of London 1641-1649 PhD Thesis, Lawson Chase Nagel, King’s College, University of London, 1982.