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Essex Trained Bands

Flag Illustration 1)
Flag Illustration 2)
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Flag ColourWhite
Flag DesignUnknown
NotesEssex TB colours, regiments unknown

The Essex Trained Bands of 1638 consisted of 4,030 men armed with 2,152 muskets and 1,878 corslets (body armour, signifying pikemen). They also mustered 50 lancers and 200 light horse.

In 1639 men from the Essex Trained Bands were selected for service in Scotland in the First Bishops' War. Half went to Sir Thomas Morton’s Regiment of Foot and half to Sir Simon Harcourt’s Regiment of Foot.

During the First Civil War the Essex Trained Bands consisted of three regiments, the Earl of Warwick's, Sir Thomas Barrington's and Thomas Honeywood's. All supported Parliament, due partly to the influence of the Earl of Warwick. In autumn 1642 Warwick raised volunteers from the Essex Trained Band regiments for his 'Reserve Army', specifically Colonel James Holborne’s Regiment of Foot and Colonel William Ogilby’s Regiment of Foot, which soon joined and were absorbed into the Earl of Essex's army. Many Trained Band men returned home rather than serve with the field army. The Essex Trained bands served under Lord Grey of Wark at the siege of Reading in 1643, and were called out again for the siege of Greenland House in 1644.

In the Second Civil War of 1648, Colonel Farr's Trained Band joined the Royalist insurrection in Essex and were besieged at Colchester. The other Trained Band units remained loyal to Parliament, taking part in the siege.

In the Third Civil War of 1651 three Essex Trained Band regiments marched to join Cromwell's army at the Battle of Worcester. One of these was Honeywood's regiment.

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