Colonel Jonathan Trelawney’s Cornish Trained Band Regiment of Foot

Active1645 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJonathan Trelawney
Area RaisedCornwall
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGrenville 1645
Hopton 1646

Cornish Trained Band regiment of foot serving with Hopton in the west in 1646

Service History


  • Newly raised in Cornwall
  • July: Lt Col Grills commissioned
  • July: Siege of Taunton
  • July: Desertion problems


  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro


Trained Band of West Hundred, Cornwall

Coats, Flags and Equipment

VJ writes: Trevannion, the two Arundells and this Regiment were almost certainly all Red coats. I had a reference from a Parliament news book mentioning the Cornish newly raised red coats deserting. This reference has since disappeared when my computer crashed and only a portion could be saved from the hard drive. Lord Goring wrote to Lord Culpepper 20th July 1645 from Stevenston requesting pay for his Officers. The letter was carried by Colonel Richard Arundell who was on his way to round up the deserters from the four new raised Regiments.

Notable Officers

Jonathan Trelawney

Jonathan Trelawney served as a captain in Sir Bevil Grenville’s Regiment of Foot then in Colonel John Digby’s Regiment of Horse and took over the cavalry regiment as colonel in 1644.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Jonathan Trelawny
  • Lieutenant Colonel Charles Grills (1)
  • Sargeant Major John Prideaux Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Walter Glyn I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Hunkyn Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Ambrose Manaton I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Stephen Polewheele I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Roger Slemming (2) + I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Lieutenant Adam Grills I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant John Bridgeman I.O. Cornwall to Capt. Polewhele
  • Lieutenant John Hawke I.O. Cornwall to Capt. Hunkyn
  • Lieutenant Thomas Venman I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Phillip Cowling I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Thomas Cowling I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant John Grills I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Beare I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign John Floud I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Humphrey Hill I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Honycombe I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Roger Laundry I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Lobbe I.O. Cornwall to Sgnt. Maj. Prideaux
  • Ensign Pierge Richards I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign John Skantlebury I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Stevens I.O. Cornwall

A Captain Arthur Polewhele was buried at Launceston 22.6.1643, possibly an earlier Trained Band Captain.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Royal Institution of Cornwall HF/19/13

Johnathan Trelawny Colonell of a Trained Regiment in the County of Cornwall To Lieutenant Colonell Charles Grilles Esqr.

By Authority and power given me by his Highness Prince Charles and Duke of Cornwall to the Colonell of a Regiment of trained Bands within the Hundred of West. I doe by vertue of this commission and being confident of your vallour fidelity and experience in martiall affairs constitute and ordaine you the said Charles Grilles to be Liuetenant Colonell to command the parishes of Lanreth St Veepe and St. Winnow being parte of this my Trained Regiment willing and commanding all inferior officers and souldiers of the said Regiment you to obeye and readily receive and accomplish such orders you shall give them from tyme to tyme for his Majesties service; And you yourself allsoe to observe and followe such orders as you shall from tyme to tyme receive from me. And in my absence to follow such as you shall receive from the Colonell Generall of the said County, or from any other your superior officer to who of right you are or ought to be subordinate according to occasion and discipline of Warr, and for soe doeing this shalbee sufficient warrant. Given under my hand and seale this sixteenth day of July 1645 Jo: Trelawney

(2) Cornwall Record Office, Truro Basset Family of Tehidy papers DDM/35/82 Accounts of Lady Ann Basset

  • Captain Roger Sleman himself and his Company £10.0.0.
  • At Easter 1644 Advance to Captain Slemans pyoneers £10.0.0
  • Captain Slamen £20.0.0

SP29.66.98 His signature Roger Sleeman Capt.


Trelawney Papers. Camden Misc. Vol. 2

At 17 raised a Company of Foot under Sir Bevil Granville At 18 Capt Troop of Horse Col. John Digby Captains Commission 1.3.1642/3 and later had Commission to be Colonel of the same Regiment. Also a Colonel of Foot under Sir Richard Grenville which he raised at his own charge and brought to Taunton.



The humble Representment of the Services and Sufferings of Jonathan Trelawny, Esq. July the 24th, 1660. First. That att the age of seventeen yeares he raised, att his owne charge, a foot company, with which hee served under Sir Bevil Greenfield. (a) Secondly. Att his age of eighteen yeares he raised a troope of horse att his owne charge, and served with it in the regiment of Collonell Digby, (b) where hee continued in service untill he had a commission to be a Collonell of that regiment of horse. Thirdly. That hee also raised a regiment of foot at his own charge, which hee brought before Taunton, and served with them there under the commande of Sir Richard Greenfield, and afterwards served as Collonell Generall of a brigade of horse, when the Earle of Essex came into Cornwall. Fourthly. That since the end of the warrs all his estate was sequestrated for severall yeares, untill he was forced to redeem it by paying a great ffyne. Fifthly. That his father, by virtue of a commission from his late Majestie, levied and received of the countrie (which hee paid over for his Majesties service) severall sumes of money, to the vallue of 1000Z., for which hee and his father were questioned by the then power ; to defend which suites and tyranny then imposed upon them for that service hee was forced to bee at great expense, charge, and trouble, and att the end compelled to repay the said 1000/., with charges to the value of 500/. more. Sixthly. That hee payd decimation and all other taxes and pay- ments, imposed upon him with all severity imaginable. Seventhly. That hee suffered imprisonment in Pendenis, Truroe, Tregony, Bodmyn, and Dortmouth nine severall times, sometimes three quarters of a yeare att a time, to the great preiudice of his health and ruine of his estate and family. Eighthly. That hee was designed three times to have lost his life, beinge all w ayes considered by the enemy as most obnoxi- ous to them of all the King's partie in that countrie, beinge twice imprisoned when noe other of his Majesties partie in that county was soe treated. Ninthly. That in the last winter's designes he disbursed 300. in preparation of horses, armes, and men for his Majesties service. That in all time of the warrs, and since the warrs, he never received any money att all for his services, in which hee was never either remisse or negligent in promoting of his Majesties interest and service all which shall bee made very clerely and fully appeare whensoever his Majestie shall commande it. For all which the said Collonell Trelawny humbly imploreth his Majesties favour and goodnesse to him. And whereas your Ma-jestie, on the petitioner's former request, was pleased that your petitioner should have a grant of the duty of tenn shillings upon the awne of Deale and Rhenish wine, at the rent of 201. per annum, as the same was formerly granted unto William Murcey, Esq. May it please your Majestie to give your possitive order for your Petitioner's proceeding with the said grant to effect, with- out which your Petitioner and his family must inevitably perish. And, as in duty, &c. JONA. TRELAWNY.

(a) This was Sir Bevil Grenville, who was killed at the battle of Lansdowne (5th July, 1643), where the Cornishmen did excellent service. In the Grenville Library is a volume of Oxford verses (1643) to his memory by William Cartwright and others, noticed by Mr. Bolton Corney in Notes and Queries, vol. i. p. 151. Sir Richard Grenville was his younger brother. (b) The original warrant from Col. John Digby, dated 1st March, 1642-3, is among the family papers.


See Also