Colonel William Eure’s Regiment of Horse

Active1642-5
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelWilliam Eure
Robert Busbridge
Area RaisedYorkshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesNewcastle 1642-3
Queen 1643
Oxford 1643-4
Rupert 1644
Langdale 1644-5

Later Colonel Robert Busbridge's Regiment of Horse

Royalist Regiment of Horse serving in Yorkshire and in the South

Service History

1642

  • December: Repulsed from Bradford

1643

  • July: Storm of Burton on Trent
  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • August: Siege of Gloucester
  • September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase
  • September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • July: Battle of Marston Moor Col. Eure & Lt Col. Tophan killed
  • July: Skirmish at Dalton, Walney Island

1645

  • March: Battle of Pontefract
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • November to May 1646: Besieged in Newark?

Notes

Flags

Notable Officers

William Eure

Eure was killed leading his regiment at Marston Moor.

Robert Busbridge

Led the regiment after Eure's death at Marston Moor

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel William Eure
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert Busbridge Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Tophan (2)
  • Sargeant Major Robert Busbridge Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Eure (4) + ment. I.O.
  • Captain James Aiscough (3)
  • Captain William Dolman Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Nicholas Fleming (1) + I.O. York.
  • Captain Laurence Sayer Ment. I.O.
  • Captain William Stevenson I.O. Middx.
  • Captain Wellfoot Ment. I.O.
  • No rank mentioned Philip Dolman Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant Robert Aiscough (3)
  • Lieutenant John Anne I.O. York to Philip Dolman
  • Lieutenant William Smith I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Busbridge
  • Cornet Matthew Chambers I.O. Durham to Capt. Wellfoot
  • Cornet Christopher Hardcastle I.O. York.
  • Cornet Thomas Sayer I.O. Durham to Capt. Sayer
  • Cornet John Swinburne I.O. Durham to Lt. Col. Busbridge
  • Cornet Thomas Swinburne I.O. Durham to Sgnt. Maj. Eure
  • Quartermaster William Brown I.O. York. to Capt. Will. Dolman
  • Quartermaster Ralph Leyborn I.O. L + W.
  • Quartermaster James Smith I.O. York. to Capt. Sayer
  • Quartermaster Thomas Steele I.O. York. to Capt. Sayer

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) SP29.66.115 The Petition of Nicholas Fleming of Malton in the County of Yorkshire Capt. of Horse in the Hon'ble Coll: William Eures Regiment.

Sheweth that your petitioner hath been from ye beginning in these unfortunate warrs, since, under ye Lord Marshall then Generall against ye Scots, secondly under ye Earle of Newcastle, afterwards, when the Queene Mother came out of Holland, your petitioner marched with her Majesty, and soe to the taking of Bristoll, then to the siege att Gloucester, and at Yorke fight his Coll: lost his life and then under Lieutenant Colonel Busbrigg commanded the brigade. Afterwards your petitioner marched with his Troop in the Lord Gerrards Regiment, after that he was commanded to Lamport fight in Somersettshire where he was shot twice through the head, besides many other wounds he there received.

That your petitioner being now above sixty two yeares of Age & alwaies in pain and torment,lame,both in one of his leggs & armes,many times not able to helpe himselfe, & hath not a livelyhood to support himselfe in his old age.

Your petitioner therefore most humbly prayes your most excellent Majesty, gratiously to be pleased to admitt him a reformadoe Capt. either in Kingston upon Hull, or Scarbrough Castle, & that he may have 2sh 6d a day paid him out of your Majesties Exchequer, or out of ye Customs House of Hull. And your petitioner shall pray etc.

(2) Dugdales Visitations of Yorkshire 1665

Henry Tophan of Oglethorpe Lieutenant Colonel of Horse to Colonel Evers of a Regiment of Horse for the service of King Charles the first and slaine at the Battail of Marston Moor in Co. Ebor Anni 1644, unmarried.

(3) Depositions from York Castle

A list of the prisoners in praemunire in the castle of York, comitted to that prison from severall Sessions held in that County. Certified by Sir Tho. Mauleverer and Sir Thomas Rudston.

Francis Aiscough Esq., who was Lieftenant of a troop of horse rais'd by his brother James Aiscough. The said Francis was wounded, imprison'd, sequestred for his loyalty and service to his late Majesty. Brothers Robert, Thomas and James.

Why have I placed under Eure ??

(4) SP23.106.12

Henry Constable of Burton Constable in the Countye of Yorke Esq. aged thirty yeares maketh oath that hee very well knew Thomas Eure of Bradley burn in the Countye of Durham Esq. who in the yeare 1643 left the Northerne parts and then went with the queene towards Oxford a(nd)* at the first battayle of Newbury which happened in September in the yeare aforesaid the said Thomas was slaine as this deponent haith informed himselfe from those who were in the said battaile and this deponent doth more confidently beleeve the same forasmuch as hee is reputed to be slaine theire and William his younger brother is heire and posessor of what was left by the said Thomas as this deponent hath often heard.

Henry Constable^ Sworne before the Commissioners for Compounding ye 21. day of December 1653.

*Torn or perished

Thornhill Parish Register ac.8136.41 Lucia the Daughter of Col Wm. Eure was buried ix February 1643/4.

See Also