Sir William Pelham’s Regiment of Horse

Later, probably Colonel Edward Pelham's Regiment of Horse

Active1642 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir William Pelham
Edward Pelham
Area RaisedLincolnshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCavendish 1643
Rupert 1644

Royalist Lincolnshire regiment of horse later based at Newark

Service History


  • August: Pelham commissioned by the King to raise a troop of 80 horse


  • May: Battle of Grantham
  • July: Battle of Gainsborough
  • October: Battle of Winceby


  • April: Battle of Selby
  • May: Besieged at Lincoln?
  • Join Rupert's army
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • September: Skirmish at Montgomery
  • September: Battle of Montgomery


  • March: Battle of Pontefract?
  • to December: Garrison of Newark


Apparently included a company or two of foot.


Notable Officers

Sir William Pelham

Killed at the Battle of Montgomery

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Sir William Pelham
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Booth Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Pelham (3)
  • Sargeant Major Scroop Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Marmaduke Darrell Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Francis Floyd I.O. L + W (I.O. for Lieutenant Verny calls his Captain 'Floud')
  • Captain Saltmarsh Ment. I.O (may be William Saltmarsh of Strubby, Lincolnshire.)
  • Captain John Salvin I.O. Durham
  • Captain Wesled Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Husthwaite Wright Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Thomas Wright Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Lieutenant William Darwin (1)
  • Lieutenant Thomas Appleyard I.O. Lincs. to Sgnt. Maj. Scroop
  • Lieutenant Marmaduke Darrell (2)
  • Lieutenant William Laythorpe I.O. Lincs. to Capt. Saltmarsh
  • Lieutenant John Sergeant I.O. Lincs
  • Lieutenant John Skipwith I.O. Lincs to Capt. Wright
  • Lieutenant Francis Verny I.O. Lincs. to Capt. Floyd
  • Cornet Othwell Besloe I.O. Lincs.
  • Cornet Edward Bowden I.O. (7) + Lincs.
  • Cornet Thomas Lovell I.O. L + W
  • Cornet John Rask I.O. Lincs. to Sgnt. Maj. Scroop
  • Cornet Thomas Waters (5) + I.O. Lincs. to Capt. H.Wright
  • Cornet Thomas Wesled I.O. Lincs. to Capt. Wested
  • Cornet Anthony Wright I.O. Lincs. to Lt. Col. Booth
  • Quartermaster Henry Bennet I.O. Lincs
  • Quartermaster John Davy I.O. Lincs. to Lt. Col. Booth
  • Quartermaster Christopher Dawson I.O. Lincs. to Sgnt. Maj. Scroop
  • Quartermaster Richard Galby I.O. Lincs to Capt. Darrell
  • Captain Pelham Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Toogood (6) + ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant James Hardy (4) + I.O. Lincs. to Capt. Pelham
  • Ensign Thomas Sharpe I.O. Lincs. to Capt. Toogood

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Extract. The humble petition of Wlliam Darwin

That your most humble peticioners late father being a servant unto your Majesties renowned Grandfather and most sacred father, as yeoman of their Majesties Armory, dyed during the late warr in the service of your Majesties Royal father; Your Majesties peticioner having been in armes in your royal fathers service from the beginning of that unnaturall warr, and served as Captain Lieutenant unto Sir William Pelham his Troop of Horse, And since the end of the said warr your peticioner has employed his time in study of the Common Lawe ever waiting an oportunity to advance your Majesties service…

(2) SP23.185.527

Marmaduke Darrell Snr. of Harmstone Lincolnshire, Commissary of Array and Captain of a Troop of Horse and his Son Darrell, Lieutenant to the same Troop came in to Earl of Manchester after Marston Moor.

(3) Extract. The humble petition of Edward Pelham Esquire.

Humbly Sheweth that ye petitioner was Lieutenant Collonel to Sir William Pelham his father for the space of a yeare and a halfe, until his father died when about a year and a halfe, after whose death, ye petitioner lived at Newark one of the Kings garrisons but bore noe armes…


Certificate of the Standing Committee for the County of Lincoln to the Committee of Parliament at Goldsmiths Hall.

That Edward Pelham Esquire, son and heir of Sir William Pelham deceased went voluntarily into the Kings Army at the first beginning of the warre, where he was employed as a Captaine and continued till Prince Rupert came to relieve York. That he was then with Prince Rupert at the fight at Hessey Moore and came afterwards to Newark where after the death of his father he was made Colonel and continued until December last. 16.1.1645(6)

SEE E.290.13 for Captain Wrights exploits.

(4) Extract. To the Honourable the Committee for Compositions at Goldsmiths Hall

The humble petition of James Hardy of Grimsby Magna in the County of Lincoln Gent Sheweth that the petitioner being unfortunately in Armes against the Parliament in the beginning of these unhappy troubles was taken prisoner by the Parliaments forces at the takeing of Lincoln about 2 yeares since, and carried to Boston where he remayned in custody until he was discharged upon taking the National Covenant, which was about two months after his first restraint.

Rec'd the 10th August 1646

(5) Extract. The humble petition of Thomas Waters Sheweth that your petitiones was in Armes against the Parliament. That at the fight at Winsby he laid down Armes conforming himself ever since to the orders and ordnances of Parliament.

Rec'd 15. Sept. 1646

November ye 6th 1646

These are to certify all whom it may concern that Tho: Waters of Brigsley in the County of Lincolne. Gent. laid down Armes ye 12. Oct. Ano. dom 1643 and has ever since lived peacefully and quietly at home, sunmitted willingly to all Ordinances of Parliament in witness whereof wee have sett to our hands.

John Sheffeild John Barnard

(6) Parish Register of St. Nicholas alias St. Thomas Oxford Burials. Captain Toogood 24. April 1646

(7) SP23.179.779 Extract. The humble petition of Edward Bowden That whereas your petitioner being a Cornett in the Kings Armie, upon the declaracion of both Kingdoms came in and hath ever since lived peacably at his owne home.

SP23.179.781 Synopsis.

The certificate of the standing Committee of the Countie of Lincolne

States that he is of Roxby and served as a Trooper and then Cornet to Captain Marmaduke Darrell and came in latter end of April 1644.

Sir William Pelham received a Commission to raise a Troop of 80 Horse 1st August 1642 from Charles 1st. Commission held at Lincolnshire Archives.


See Also