Sir William Boteler’s Regiment of Horse

ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir William Boteler
Richard Thornhill
Area Raised
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesHopton 1643-4
Oxford 1644
Goring 1645
Hopton 1646

Later probably Colonel Richard Thornhill’s Regiment of Horse

Royalist regiment of horse serving with Hopton, the Oxford Army, then in the West

Service History


  • December: Siege of Arundel?
  • December: Battle of Alton
  • December to January 1644: Besieged at Arundel?


  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge, Boteler killed Cleveland's Bde
  • Thornhill takes over
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Relief of Donnington Castle


  • May: Skirmish at Hinton St George with other Royalists by mistake
  • May to July: Siege of Taunton
  • July: Battle of Langport
  • July to August: Besieged at Sherborne Castle?


  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro


Apparently Thornhill took over after Butler's death at Cropredy Bridge; that said, the officer lists do not show many similarities except Capt Marsh so this may prove to be wrong. In April 1644 Boteler deposited arms for pikemen and musketeers into stores at Oxford. Whether he raised or tried to raise some foot is not clear. In May 1645 Thornhill's regiment skirmished with Sir William Courtney’s Regiment of Royalist horse at Hinton St George by mistake, thinking them Parliamentarians.

Note- Capt Lt Woodd lost his horse at Roundway Down but probably not serving with this regiment?

Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir William Boteler

Sir William Boteler was killed at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge.

Colonel Richard Thornhill

Royalist conspirator during the inter-regnum

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Under Boteler

  • Colonel Sir William Butler/Boteler
  • Lieutenant Colonel Dudley Sandys (3)
  • Captain John Bishop Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Butler (1)
  • Captain Fisher (3)
  • Captain Hacket Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Heath Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Marsh (3)
  • Captain Alexander Parker I.O. L + W
  • Captain (Henry) Pearson (4) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Basil Woodd I.O. Oxford. (Initially Capt Lt, see under Colonel Richard Bolle’s Regiment of Foot)
  • Cornet Brooke (2)
  • Cornet John Broome I.O. Staffs.
  • Cornet Gregory Peak I.O. L + W to Capt. Pearson
  • Quartermaster John Champion I.O. L + W to Capt. Heath
  • Quartermaster John Hamlett I.O. L + W to Capt. Bishop
  • Quartermaster Alexander Howard I.O. Bucks. to Capt.Hacket
  • Quartermaster Richard Mallory I.O. L + W to Capt. Pearson
  • Quartermaster John Paris I.O. L + W to Capt. Pearson

Under Thornhill

  • Colonel Richard Thornhill
  • Lieutenant Colonel John Marsh (5) + Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major John Marsh (5)
  • Captain William Croome (6)
  • Captain Robert Hill Ment. I.O
  • Captain Marsh (8)
  • Lieutenant Richard Taylor (8) to Capt. Marsh
  • Cornet Backodell (7) (PW Langport)
  • Cornet Cleane (7) (PW Langport)
  • Cornet Lancelot Colley I.O. L + W
  • Cornet James (7) (PW Langport)
  • Cornet John Lambert (8) to Capt. Marsh
  • Cornet George Mason I.O. Herts.
  • Cornet Giles Moore I.O. L + W to Lt. Col. Marsh
  • Quartermaster John Fortune I.O. L + W to Lt. Col. Marsh

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

See Bamfield's apology.

(1) WO55.1661.34 8 die Aprilis 1644 Book of receipts and returns Captain Butler.

Rec'd into his Majesties stores from Sir Wm Butler by Robert Horne Marshall and to bee kept for Sir William Butler and dd upon demand.

  • Musketts r 44
  • Long Pikes 15
  • Backs 9
  • Breasts 9
  • Head Peeces 3
  • Rests 5
  • Halbert 1


(2) Mercurius Aulicus 29.6.1644 Regarding Cropedy Bridge

‘But to allay this Victory, His Majestie lost two noble Kentish Knights, the one Sir William Boteler (A gentleman full of noble resolution, who both before and since the beginning of this Rebellion wholly devoted himself to his Majesties service) the other Sir William Clarke, slaine in the head of his Regiment, after he had gallantly charged through Horse and Foot; his mortall wound newly given him, he turned about and said, he saw Sir William Boteler fall, and wished his souldiers to fetch him off.’

‘Coronet Brooke of Sir William Botlers Regiment, is sore hurt, who with his Coronets Staffe killed a Rebell-Canoneer as he was giving fire to a peece of Ordnance.’

(3) Harl. Mss.986 f.86 Regiment listed as 5 Colours totaling 150 men Lt.Col Sandys,Capt.Fisher,Capt.Marsh.

(4) Mercurius Aulicus 1.4.1644

(5) Walker p.72 more

(6) SP29.1.120 undated State Paper May 1660 The humble petition of William Croome

Humbly sheweth that your petitioner hath faithfully served his late Majesty of happy and blessed memory in the warres until his death as a Captain of a Troop of horse in the Brigade of the Earl of Cleveland, and as Quartermaster General of the Earl of Clevelands Brigade of Horse, as by his Commissions annexed….

SP29.2.16. Petition of William Croome served as Captain of Horse in Colonel Richard Thornhills Regiment.

(7) E.293.17 Captured at Langport

(8) Wiltshire Record Office A1.110 Hilary 1667 No. 95 Petition of Richard Thomas of Fisherton

Served under the Earl of Cleveland in Captain Marsh's Troop in which service ye petitioner received many dangerous wounds. No. 94 Richard Taylor Lieutenant, John Lambert Cornet certify to the above to the said Troop.


  • 1644: 150 men in with 5 colours (Symonds)

See Also