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royalist:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-aston [09/03/2020 16:08]
1642
royalist:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-aston [31/12/2020 14:35] (current)
tim
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 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
-Sir Thomas Aston raised two troops of horse in Cheshire and one in Lancashire, leading them south in time for the Battle of Edgehill, where they served on the Royalist left flankrouting the opposing Parliamentarian horse. They were at the storm of Brentford and therefore probably at Turnham Green. Meanwhile Aston had left officers to recruit in Cheshire and support Lord Cholmondley in holding the county. In the winter of 1642-3 Aston and his regiment returned to Cheshire, united with their missing troops and began a campaign against the local Parliamentarians under Sir William Brereton. ​+Sir Thomas Aston raised two troops of horse in Cheshire and one in Lancashire, leading them south in time for the Battle of Edgehill, where they served on the Royalist left flank routing the opposing Parliamentarian horse. They were at the storm of Brentford and therefore probably at Turnham Green. Meanwhile Aston had left officers to recruit in Cheshire and support Lord Cholmondley in holding the county. In the winter of 1642-3 Aston and his regiment returned to Cheshire, united with their missing troops and began a campaign against the local Parliamentarians under Sir William Brereton. ​
  
 The campaign went badly for the Royalists, with Aston being defeated in a succession of skirmishes, which he blamed on recently-raised local troops rather than his own regiment. With the failure of this independent command he was recalled to Oxford, bringing his regiment of horse along with him. The regiment served as part of the Oxford army for the 1643 campaign, and were in the thick of the fighting at First Newbury, where Aston had his horse shot from under him. In the winter of 1643-44 they are noted as quartered at Evesham then winning a skirmish near Poole in Dorset. By Lostwithiel they had re-joined the Oxford army and pursued the fleeing horse of Essex’s army over Caradon Down. They don’t appear to have been at Second Newbury but Aston was commander of a brigade of horse at the relief of Donnington, though his regiment’s presence is not confirmed. ​ The campaign went badly for the Royalists, with Aston being defeated in a succession of skirmishes, which he blamed on recently-raised local troops rather than his own regiment. With the failure of this independent command he was recalled to Oxford, bringing his regiment of horse along with him. The regiment served as part of the Oxford army for the 1643 campaign, and were in the thick of the fighting at First Newbury, where Aston had his horse shot from under him. In the winter of 1643-44 they are noted as quartered at Evesham then winning a skirmish near Poole in Dorset. By Lostwithiel they had re-joined the Oxford army and pursued the fleeing horse of Essex’s army over Caradon Down. They don’t appear to have been at Second Newbury but Aston was commander of a brigade of horse at the relief of Donnington, though his regiment’s presence is not confirmed. ​
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     * Quartermaster Wall     * Quartermaster Wall
  
-  * Sir William Ratcliffe'​s Troop+  *Sir William Ratcliffe'​s Troop
     * Lieutenant Yates     * Lieutenant Yates
     * Cornet Hanslop     * Cornet Hanslop
     * Quartermaster Kelsall     * Quartermaster Kelsall
  
-  * Captain Prestwich'​s Troop+  *Captain Prestwich'​s Troop
     * Lieutenant William Massey     * Lieutenant William Massey
     * Cornet John Pavney     * Cornet John Pavney
  
-  * Captain Reston'​s Troop+  *Captain Reston'​s Troop
     * Lieutenant Hawkin     * Lieutenant Hawkin
     * Cornet Norman     * Cornet Norman
     * Quartermaster Brandon     * Quartermaster Brandon
  
-  * Captain John Vangerish Troop (also given as Vangall)+  *Captain John Vangerish Troop (also given as Vangall)
     * Lieutenant Hanse Jacop Freish     * Lieutenant Hanse Jacop Freish
     * Cornet Stoopier     * Cornet Stoopier
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 =====Contemporary References===== =====Contemporary References=====
  
-==Orders from Oxford==+===Orders from Oxford===
 To our Trusty and Wellbeloved Capt. Prestwiche and Capt. Radcliffe. To our Trusty and Wellbeloved Capt. Prestwiche and Capt. Radcliffe.
  
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-==Plundering==+===Plundering===
 Extract. Undated. Extract. Undated.
 The humble petition of divers inhabitants of Armescole & Blackmell in the parish of Tredington in the said County to the Governor and Commissioners of Worcestershire. The humble petition of divers inhabitants of Armescole & Blackmell in the parish of Tredington in the said County to the Governor and Commissioners of Worcestershire.
 That 40 horse plundered, and found in the Regiment of Colonel Thomas Aston in their quarters around Black Bourton near Bourton Co. Oxon. That 40 horse plundered, and found in the Regiment of Colonel Thomas Aston in their quarters around Black Bourton near Bourton Co. Oxon.
  
 +===Chorleton'​s deposition===
 +Adam Chorleton of Salford in the County of Lanc. Sheresman sworne & examined informeth and saith this informer being a soldier in Cornewall under Sir Tho: Aston on the Kings party against the Parliament and there layinge downe his Armes, hee this informer returninge homewards through Worcester then a Garrison against the Parliament, hee there saw Captaine John Byrom  in the said Garrison against the Parliament and it was told him that he was Lieutenant of a Foote Company in the said Garrison.
 +
 +26.April 1651.
 +
 +==Petition of Venables==
 +Chester Record Office ​
 +QJF 91/3 No. 19 Michaelmas 1663
 +
 +Petition of Thomas Venables under Sir Thomas Aston then under Major Spotwood under Colonel Marrow. Served at Cholmeley Hall, Crewe Hall, Bartholmey, and Hawarden Castle. Later under Prince Maurice at Leicester and Naseby.
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====