Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

royalist:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-aston [10/10/2017 13:16]
1642
royalist:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-aston [31/12/2020 14:35] (current)
tim
Line 33: Line 33:
  
 ====1643==== ====1643====
 +  *January: Aston orders the two troops in Cheshire to rejoin the regiment
   *January: Skirmish at Nantwich   *January: Skirmish at Nantwich
   *February: Skirmish at Taporley   *February: Skirmish at Taporley
Line 59: Line 60:
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
-Sir Thomas Aston raised two troops of horse in Cheshire and one in Lancashire, leading them south in time for the Battle of Edgehill, where they served on the Royalist left flankrouting the opposing Parliamentarian horse. They were at the storm of Brentford and therefore probably at Turnham Green. Meanwhile Aston had left officers to recruit in Cheshire and support Lord Cholmondley in holding the county. In the winter of 1642-3 Aston and his regiment returned to Cheshire, united with their missing troops and began a campaign against the local Parliamentarians under Sir William Brereton. ​+Sir Thomas Aston raised two troops of horse in Cheshire and one in Lancashire, leading them south in time for the Battle of Edgehill, where they served on the Royalist left flank routing the opposing Parliamentarian horse. They were at the storm of Brentford and therefore probably at Turnham Green. Meanwhile Aston had left officers to recruit in Cheshire and support Lord Cholmondley in holding the county. In the winter of 1642-3 Aston and his regiment returned to Cheshire, united with their missing troops and began a campaign against the local Parliamentarians under Sir William Brereton. ​
  
-The campaign went badly for the Royalists, with Aston being defeated in a succession of skirmishes, which he blamed on recently-raised local troops rather than his own regiment. With the failure of this independent command he was recalled to Oxford, bringing his regiment of horse along with him. The regiment served as part of the Oxford army for the 1643 campaign, and were in the thick of the fighting at First Newbury, where Aston had his horse shot from under him. In the winter of 1643-44 they are noted as quartered at Evesham then winning a skirmish near Poole in Dorset. By Lostwithiel they had re-joined the Oxford army and pursued the fleeing horse of Essex’s army over Caradon Down.  They don’t appear to have been at Second Newbury but Aston was commander of a brigade of horse at the relief of Donnington, though his regiment’s presence is not confirmed. ​+The campaign went badly for the Royalists, with Aston being defeated in a succession of skirmishes, which he blamed on recently-raised local troops rather than his own regiment. With the failure of this independent command he was recalled to Oxford, bringing his regiment of horse along with him. The regiment served as part of the Oxford army for the 1643 campaign, and were in the thick of the fighting at First Newbury, where Aston had his horse shot from under him. In the winter of 1643-44 they are noted as quartered at Evesham then winning a skirmish near Poole in Dorset. By Lostwithiel they had re-joined the Oxford army and pursued the fleeing horse of Essex’s army over Caradon Down. They don’t appear to have been at Second Newbury but Aston was commander of a brigade of horse at the relief of Donnington, though his regiment’s presence is not confirmed. ​
  
 By February 1645 they were back in the West Country, with Lewis Dyve’s and Lord Goring’s forces at the siege of Weymouth, then at Ilminster and Langport. By this stage command had passed to Radcliffe, then Prestwich. Somewhat confusingly a number of officers from the regiment were captured in a skirmish at Kidderminster in Worcestershire in October 1645, which does not appear likely for a regiment serving with Lord Goring in the West. In 1646 they surrendered at Truro. ​ By February 1645 they were back in the West Country, with Lewis Dyve’s and Lord Goring’s forces at the siege of Weymouth, then at Ilminster and Langport. By this stage command had passed to Radcliffe, then Prestwich. Somewhat confusingly a number of officers from the regiment were captured in a skirmish at Kidderminster in Worcestershire in October 1645, which does not appear likely for a regiment serving with Lord Goring in the West. In 1646 they surrendered at Truro. ​
Line 80: Line 81:
 [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Prestwich_Baronets|Sir Thomas Prestwich]] (1604-1674) was created First Baronet Prestwich of Hulme in Lancashire on 25th April 1644. He commanded the regiment after Sir William Radcliffe. ​ [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Prestwich_Baronets|Sir Thomas Prestwich]] (1604-1674) was created First Baronet Prestwich of Hulme in Lancashire on 25th April 1644. He commanded the regiment after Sir William Radcliffe. ​
  
-The Regiment in 1642+====Officer Lists==== 
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-Sir Thomas Astons Troop+===The Regiment in 1642===
  
-Captain Lieutenant ​                            +  *Sir Thomas Aston'​s Troop 
-Cornet ​                                             Aston +    * Captain Lieutenant 
-Quartermaster ​                              ​Cartwright ​    +    ​* ​Cornet Aston 
 +    ​* ​Quartermaster Cartwright ​    
  
-Lieutenant Colonel ​  ​Sir James Bridgemans ​Troop  +  *Lieutenant Colonel Sir James Bridgeman'​s ​Troop 
-Lieutenant ​                                       Fleming +    ​* ​Lieutenant Fleming 
-Cornet ​                                          ​Colledge +    ​* ​Cornet Colledge 
-Quartermaster ​                          ​Ravenscroft+    ​* ​Quartermaster Ravenscroft
  
-Sargeant Major Masons ​Troop +  *Sargeant Major Mason'​s ​Troop 
-Lieutenant ​                               Langston +    ​* ​Lieutenant Langston 
-Cornet ​                              ​Osbaldston +    ​* ​Cornet Osbaldston 
-Quartermaster ​                        ​Wall+    ​* ​Quartermaster Wall
  
-Sir William ​Ratcliffes ​Troop                             ​ +  *Sir William ​Ratcliffe'​s ​Troop 
-Lieutenant ​                             Yates +    ​* ​Lieutenant Yates 
-Cornet ​                                   Hanslop +    ​* ​Cornet Hanslop 
-Quartermaster ​                     Kelsall+    ​* ​Quartermaster Kelsall
  
-Captain ​Prestwichs ​Troop                               +  *Captain ​Prestwich'​s ​Troop 
-Lieutenant ​                ​William Massey +    ​* ​Lieutenant William Massey 
-Cornet ​                            ​John Pavney ​ +    ​* ​Cornet John Pavney
  
-Captain ​   ​Restons ​Troop                                     +  *Captain ​Reston'​s ​Troop 
-Lieutenant ​                                   Hawkin +    ​* ​Lieutenant Hawkin 
-Cornet ​                                           Norman +    ​* ​Cornet Norman 
-Quartermaster ​                           Brandon+    ​* ​Quartermaster Brandon
  
-Captain ​  ​Vangalls (Vangerish ​?) Troop                                     +  ​*Captain John Vangerish Troop (also given as Vangall) 
-Lieutenant ​                 Hanse Jacop Freish ​    ​ +    ​* ​Lieutenant Hanse Jacop Freish 
-Cornet ​                                       Stoopier +    ​* ​Cornet Stoopier 
-Quartermaster ​                         Sturgesse+    ​* ​Quartermaster Sturgesse
  
-Captain ​Wiltshires ​Troop                                       +  *Captain ​Wiltshire'​s ​Troop 
-Lieutenant ​                                ​Langston +    ​* ​Lieutenant Langston 
-Cornet ​                                        ​Vincent +    ​* ​Cornet Vincent 
-Quartermaster ​           William Saunders+    ​* ​Quartermaster William Saunders 
 +  
 +  *Captain Masterton'​s Troop 
 +    * Lieutenant Masterton 
 +    * Cornet Wright 
 +    * Quartermaster Dudley
  
-Captain Mastertons Troop                                 +===combined List===
-Lieutenant ​                               Masterton +
-Cornet ​                                    ​Wright +
-Quartermaster ​                      ​Dudley+
  
 +  *Colonel Sir Thomas Aston
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Sir Wiliam Radcliffe (3) + ment. I.O.
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Randolph Egerton
 +  *Sargeant Major Mason (3)
 +  *Captain Reston (3)
 +  *Captain John Spencer I.O. L + W *
 +  *Captain Vangall (3)  ​
 +  *Captain Wilshire Ment. I.O. *
 +  *Captain Thomas Egerton (1)  ​
 +  *Captain Fleming Ment. I.O.
 +  *Captain Masterton (3)
 +  *Captain Prestwich (3)
  
-=====Strength=====+  *Captain Lieutenant Egerton (3) Probably Thomas 
 +  *Lieutenant Thomas Anne I.O. Wilts. To Lt. Col. Egerton 
 +  *Lieutenant Fleming (3) 
 +  *Lieutenant Hanse Jacop Freish (3) 
 +  *Lieutenant Robert Haulgh I.O. Lancs. to Sir Will. Radcliffe 
 +  *Lieutenant Hawkin (3) 
 +  *Lieutenant Lang(s)ton (2) + (3) 
 +  *Lieutenant William Massey (3) 
 +  *Lieutenant Masterton (3) 
 +  *Lieutenant Thomas Short I.O. Kent  
 +  *Lieutenant Edward Starky I.O. L + W 
 +  *Lieutenant Robert Wright I.O. Chester 
 +  *Lieutenant Robert Wright I.O. York. 
 +  *Lieutenant Yates (3)
  
 +  *Cornet Aston (3) 
 +  *Cornet Colledge (3) 
 +  *Cornet Dudley (3)
 +  *Cornet Thomas Hanslop (3) +  I.O. L + W  to Sir Will. Radcliffe
 +  *Cornet Robert Mason I.O. Lancaster
 +  *Cornet Massey (2)  ​
 +  *Cornet Norman (3)
 +  *Cornet Osbaldston (3)
 +  *Cornet John Pavney (3) 
 +  *Cornet Stoopier (3)
 +  *Cornet Vincent (3)
 +
 +  *Quartermaster Thomas Alsop I.O. Derby. * to Capt. Wilshire
 +  *Quartermaster Brandon (3)
 +  *Quartermaster Cartwright (3)
 +  *Quartermaster Dudley (3)
 +  *Quartermaster Hugh French I.O. Chester to Capt. Flemming
 +  *Quartermaster William Grosvenor I.O. Chester
 +  *Quartermaster Henslee (4)       
 +  *Quartermaster Kelsall (3)
 +  *Quartermaster Ravenscroft (3)
 +  *Quartermaster William Saunders (3)
 +  *Quartermaster Sturgesse (3) 
 +  *Quartermaster John Thomas I.O. Montgom. to Lt. Col. Bridgeman
 +  *Quartermaster Wall (3)
 +
 +=====Contemporary References=====
 +
 +===Orders from Oxford===
 +To our Trusty and Wellbeloved Capt. Prestwiche and Capt. Radcliffe.
 +
 +Whereas wee have lately given order of the 21 past required with your Troopes of Horse under your command to attend our Right Trusty and wellbeloved the Viscount Cholmondeley and to stay with him until you shall receave our further order; wee are now pleased and doe hereby recall such our command hereby willing and requiring you and both of you for this time upon sight hereof to repaire unto our Army or to such place as you shall receave our command from our Trusty and wellbeloved Sir Thomas Aston your Colonell and for your so doeing this shalbee your sufficient warrant.
 +
 +Oxford the 8th of Jan. (1643)
 +
 +
 +===Plundering===
 +Extract. Undated.
 +The humble petition of divers inhabitants of Armescole & Blackmell in the parish of Tredington in the said County to the Governor and Commissioners of Worcestershire.
 +That 40 horse plundered, and found in the Regiment of Colonel Thomas Aston in their quarters around Black Bourton near Bourton Co. Oxon.
 +
 +===Chorleton'​s deposition===
 +Adam Chorleton of Salford in the County of Lanc. Sheresman sworne & examined informeth and saith this informer being a soldier in Cornewall under Sir Tho: Aston on the Kings party against the Parliament and there layinge downe his Armes, hee this informer returninge homewards through Worcester then a Garrison against the Parliament, hee there saw Captaine John Byrom  in the said Garrison against the Parliament and it was told him that he was Lieutenant of a Foote Company in the said Garrison.
 +
 +26.April 1651.
 +
 +==Petition of Venables==
 +Chester Record Office ​
 +QJF 91/3 No. 19 Michaelmas 1663
 +
 +Petition of Thomas Venables under Sir Thomas Aston then under Major Spotwood under Colonel Marrow. Served at Cholmeley Hall, Crewe Hall, Bartholmey, and Hawarden Castle. Later under Prince Maurice at Leicester and Naseby.
 +
 +=====Strength=====
 +  *9 troops in 1642
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
   *[[royalist:​dragoon-regiments:​sir-thomas-aston|Sir Thomas Aston'​s Regiment of Dragoons]]   *[[royalist:​dragoon-regiments:​sir-thomas-aston|Sir Thomas Aston'​s Regiment of Dragoons]]