Sir Humphrey Bennet’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelSir Humphrey Bennet
Area RaisedHampshire
Flag ColourRed
Flag Design
Field ArmiesHopton 1643-4
Oxford 1644

Royalist Regiment of horse serving with Lord Hopton’s forces, then with the Oxford Army on the 1644 campaign

Service History

1643

  • January: Bennett begins to raise men in Hampshire
  • March: Issued powder, carbine & pistol shot from Oxford
  • July: Battle of Lansdown
  • July: Besieged at Devizes
  • July: Battle of Roundway Down?
  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • September: Skirmish at Andover?
  • December: Skirmish at Romsey

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • April: Besieged at Bishop’s Waltham? (Bennett present)
  • April: Muster at Aldbourne Chase
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • September: Skirmish on Caradon Down
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Relief of Donnington Castle

1645

  • September to October: Besieged at Winchester

Notes

Flags & Equipment

At Aldbourne Chase in April 1644 Symonds noted the regiment had 9 troops but only carried two red cornets. Equipped with pistols and at least some carbines in 1643.

Notable Officers

Sir Humphrey Bennet

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Sir Humphrey Bennett (Wounded at Lansdown)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Daniell (9) + Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert Smith (3)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Verney (2)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Wall (8) (Killed at Lansdown)
  • Sargeant Major Richard Aldworth (2)
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Hunt (7) + ment. I.O.
  • Captain Allen Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Allwin I.O. Southampton
  • Captain Francis Knight (5)
  • Captain James Long (4)
  • Captain Robert Love I.O. Southampton
  • Captain William Munday I.O. Southampton
  • Captain Sir Richard Norton (4)
  • Captain Robert Smith (2)
  • Captain Thornborough (5)
  • Captain Lieutenant Young (6)
  • Lieutenant Christopher Cleeter (4) to Capt's Long and Norton
  • Lieutenant Edward Hunt I.O. L + W
  • Lieutenant William Young I.O. Berks. to Lt. Col. Daniell
  • Cornet Nicholas Aris I.O. Bucks to Capt. Allen
  • Cornet Edward Buck (2)
  • Cornet John Whistler I.O. Southampton
  • Quartermaster John Drewit I.O. Southampton
  • Quartermaster Robert Mallory I.O. Wilts. To Sgnt. Maj. Hunt

TYPE PA270088 AND OTHERS WALTHAM HOUSE.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Royal Institution of Cornwall RBR/8 182/1942

Barnstaple surrendered to Lord Goring 18th September 1644 and the garrison marched out upon articles, with bag, baggage colours flying, bullet in the mouth, matches lighted and every soldier one pound of powder with 2 brasse bullets of sacre who were by articles to march to Southampton.

They were escorted by the regiment of Sir Humphrey Bennett being about 100 horse.

(2) Harl. Mss.986 f.89

8 Officers 9 Troopes but 2 Colours (gules) Lt. Col. Verney son to Sir Edmund Verney Sgt. Maior Richard Aldworth Captain Mr. Robert Smyth, brother to Col.Smith who was taken prisoner at Denton Cornet Edward Buck

SP23.194.218 Extract.

The Humble petition of Richard Aldworth of Hinton Pipard in the County of Wilts. gent Sheweth, that hee having his education in the affaires of the Counsell Chamber, and being with his Majestie duringe these unhappie warrs, did by his Royall authority command a Troope of horse in his service: That he is included within the Articles for the surrender of Oxford and to have the benefit of them.

Rec'd 26th November 1646.

(3) Clarendon State Papers. No.2062 Killed September 1645 buried Newbury 20.9.1645 In Walter Money.

(4) Wiltshire Record Office

A1.110.108 Michalmas 1661 Petition of Christopher Cleeter of Broadhinton. That he served throughout the war and received many wounds.

A1.110.109 Certificate that Christopher Cleeter was Lieutenant to Sir Richard Norton in Colonel Humphrey Bennetts Regiment. Signed Humphrey Bennett, Geo.Wroughton, Henry Tooke, Jo.Deane, Anth.Burley and Wm. Colnett.

A1.110.110 Certificate of James Long that Christopher Cleeter was Lieutenant of Horse in Sir Humphrey Bennetts Regiment of Horse in my own Troop for the space of one and a half years.

n.b. Sir Richard Norden Lieutenant Colonel of Foot SP29.159.45 Possibly the same man.

(5) SP29.17.111i ‘I doe hereby hereby certifie that Captain Francis Knight freely engaged on the interest of the Crown under my command and testified much courage and fidelity on all occasions. He continued Captain under me until the surrender of Winchester Castle.’ 30.7.1646 Humphrey Bennet

See also Earl Rivers Regiment of Foot.

(6) SP29.157 various Interrogatories relating to William Howse of Elton Farm, Welford Parish, Co.Berks. Did you see him ride in the Troop of Captain Lieutenant Young in Colonel Bennetts Regiment and at the rendezvous at Bucklebury Heath, Berks ? Deposition of Maurice Paroke of Eastwood that he saw William Howse ride armed in Captain Thornboroughs Troop and at Castle Eaton in 1644.

(7) SP29.6.44 June 1660 ? Extract. To the Kings most excellent Majestie The humble petition of Lieut: Col: Thomas Hunt Sheweth that your petitioner hath ever faithfully served your Majesties Royall father of blessed memory and at ye action at Salisbury was together with most of his Troope unfortunately taken, he being condemned to be hanged drawn and quartered, his men for slaves sale into and still remaine in ye Barbadoes, having serv'd out there time, and want wherewithal to returne, and your petitioner well knowing your Majesties merciful inclination, and being in your Majesties disposal of Calshott Castle within ye County of South'ton now in posession of one Burghill, who hath ever bin abnoxious to your Majesties affaires, an outlaw'd person and pardond by Oliver Cromwell ye pretended Protector for his adherence to him.

SP29.17.122 September 1660 ? Extract To the Kings most excellent Majestie The humble petition of Lieut: Col: Tho: Hunt Humbly sheweth that your petitioner faithfully and constantly served your Majesties father of ever blessed memory in all the late warr under the nature of a Major at that tyme a Troop of Horse at his owne charges and since his death your Majestie in all engagements that hath beene for the restauracion of your Majestie to your Crowne and Dignitie.

SP23.209.391 To all officers and souldiers in the Parliaments Army These are to require you to permitt the bearer hereof Thomas Hunt Maior with his four servants theire horses and his Armes with his baggage two portmanteaus with his own goods to pass to Hermitage in the County of Dorset without any lett or molestation and there quietly to abide, not doing anything prejudiciall to the state. Given under my hand this seaventh day of October 164[5] Oliver Cromw[ell]

Edges deteriorated.

Issued after the surrender of Winchester Castle.

His petitions to Charles II use his rank after the first Civil War.

(8) WO55.459.

Upon sight hereof you are to deliver out of his Majesties stores to the use of Colonel Bennet his horse troope

  • Powder 10cwt
  • Carbyne shott 100cwt in number
  • pistoll shott 200 in number (1cwt of the greater size 1cwt of the lesser } gage

To the officers & clerkes of his Majesties stores in New Colledge 26. Marty 1643

Jo: Heydon

Received out of his Majesties stores the proporcion above required.

Joseph Wall Lieutenant Coronell.

Wall was killed at Lansdowne and Colonel Bennett wounded..

(9) SP19.138.67 Extract

The sd Fra: Read did about January 1643 joyne with one Henry Daniell Leiut. Coll. to Coll. Bennet then Sheriff of Hampshire and did write warrants to divers men to give & brought horses to serve in the Kings Army against the Parliament.

And about the same time he did persuade Sir William Kingsmill of Sidmonton in the said County Knt.to rayse a Regiment for the King against the Parliament and the said Francis Reade did desire that he might be Capt. Lieut. to the said Sir William Kingsmill and did desire & advise divers gent. & others to provide armes, rise in action and bee of that regiment.

E.252.4 Colonel Bennetts Regiment beaten up by Waller at Alton October 1643.

E.43.21 Surrender of Waltham House Col.Bennett

E.278.22 The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer 15-22.4.1645

Winchester horse beaten in a fight. Captain Coward killed Captain Heath and Cornet Barnes captured. Leon Greene a reformadoe. unsure whether he is Parl. Or Royalist. There was a Captain Heath in Sir William Botelers Regiment of Horse.

Colonel Bennett in Winchester at its surrender.

SP63.30 .69 The humble petition of Lieut. coll. Richard Aldworth P41410204 That the petitioner did faithfully serve in your Majestys of blessed memory and in your Majestys

Strength

  • March 1644: 9 troops at Cheriton
  • September 1644: 100 horse at surrender of Bridgewater

See Also