Colonel Roger Molyneux’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Colonel Roger Molyneux
Area RaisedDerbyshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLoughborough 1644
Oxford 1645

Royalist regiment of horse based at Chatsworth, forming part of Lord Loughborough’s forces then joining the garrison of Newark

Service History


  • December: Garrison of South Wingfield


  • March: Battle of Newark?
  • August: Besieged at South Wingfield


  • May: Storm of Leicester?
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • November to May 1646: Besieged at Newark?


  • Surrender at Newark?


Based at Wingfield Manor. Molyneux at surrender of Ashby de la Zouch.


Notable Officers

Col Roger Molyneux

Officer List

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Roger Molyneux
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Whichcote (2)
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Eyre (1) + (2)
  • Sargeant Major Norris Fines (2) + I.O. Lincoln.
  • Captain Arthur Lowe (2)
  • Captain John Lowe (2)
  • Captain Anthony Wilkinson (3) + I.O. L + W.
  • Captain Lieutenant Wilkinson (1)
  • Lieutenant Chippindale (2)
  • Lieutenant Richard Evans I.O. Derbys.
  • Cornet John Belson I.O. Derbys.
  • Cornet Bennet (2)
  • Cornet John Wilkinson I.O. Lincoln.
  • Quartermaster Edward Holland I.O. Notts.
  • Quartermaster William Mowbray I.O. Lincoln. To Sgnt. Maj. Fines
  • Quartermaster Hezekial Smith I.O. L + W.
  • Quartermaster John Clarke I.O. Lincs. To Lt. Col. Whichcote
  • Quartermaster Henry Statham I.O. Notts. of Foot.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Derbyshire Record Office Q/SB/2/640/2 The peticion of John Mathew of Losco in the parish of Haynor

Sheweth that your peticioner was a soldier under the Command of Captaine Bagshaw at Winfield Mannour and was there plundered by the Cavaliers of all the goods hee had, since which it pleased God to strike your peticioner with lamenesse that hee is not able to helpe himselfe further than hee is carried that hee hath two small children and his wife and hath sould theire cow and all their household goods to buy them them bread and other sustenance.

(1) Harl.Mss.986 f.96

E.252.51 Perfect occurrences of Parliament 28.6.-5.7.1644

‘Sir, some of our men being out from Darby towards Nottingham, were taken by a party of horse that came from Winkefield mannor, who carried them away prisoners, but a party of our horse followed them to rescue our men, and pursued them to the medow lying neere Winkefield the enemy not knowing that they were followed, sent for their Dinner and had it brought them in the meddow, where they kept our men, insulting over them in a most tyrannous manner, our horse marched up, and fel upon them ere they were aware, slew foure of them tooke five prisoners, and rescued those of our men that they had taken, beat the rest into their Garrison, and brought away 80 horse, which the enemie had left behind them, and came of bravely without the losse of one man.’ Darby June 28 1644

(2) E.8.4 Officers taken in Wingfield Manor

  • Colonel Roger Molyneux
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Whitchcote
  • Sargeant Major Norris Fines
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Eyre
  • Captain John Lowe
  • Captain Arthur Lowe
  • Captain Lieutenant Wilkinson
  • Lieutenant Chippindale
  • Cornet Bennet

Some of these Officers were connected to Sir John Fitzherberts Regiment

Derbyshire Record Office Q/SB/2/645 Undated petition To the Right Hon. and Wor. his Maj. Justices of the Peace for the County of Darby at the Quarter Sessions assembled.

The humble peticion of John Brocklehurst of Alderwasley in the said County labourer humbly sheweth Whereas your said peticioner having beene a souldier for his late Majesties of ever blessed memory under the command of Captaine John Lowe of Alderwasley in the said County Esq. lately deceased, and in the said servise receaving hurts and bruises together with old age being become altogether uncapable of obtaininge a livelyhood by his hand labor, and being his Majestie is gratiously pleased to bestow persons of faithfull and loyall indigent souldiers your peticioner humbly request is that your Honours and Lordships would be pleased to allowe him such a pencion as you in your judicious judgmente shall thinke and conveniant for an object of soe much pitty.

(3) SP.29.56.5 Petition of Anne Molyneaux regarding Captaine Anthony Wilkinson deceased.

That he raysed his Troop at his own charge in ye Regiment of Colonell Molyneaux and continued loyal

SP.29.5 i Certificate signed by William Whichcote and Norreys Fynes to the above. Collonel Molyneauxs Regiment.

E.254.25 Perfect occurrences of Parliament 23-30.8.1644 Letter extract,issuer and recipient unknown.

‘Sir, we have now cleared our County of the cursed brood and nest of the cruell and mercilesse Cavaliers, who have been a heavie plague to this poor Country, Winckfield their last Garrison being in our hands, of which I know you have the particulars before this will come to your hands. Collonel Whitcote I beleeve, is gone to his old friend Baggot to Lichfield; and Major Eyre, and Major Fines went both to Titbury [Tutbury Castle]: But I believe they will not stay there, for we heare that Baggot decreased in strength, the two Captain Lowes (John and Arthur) went with heavie hearts, who I believe will stay as near the County as they can.’ Derby August 22 1644

Colonel Roger Molyneaux was in Ashby de la Zouch when the Town was surrendered and by error was omitted from the the Articles.(4)

(4) SP23.105.718 Letter of Richard Skeffington 27th May 1646

SP23.105.763 His petition compounding for delinquency in the 1st and 2nd Warr.


See Also