Colonel Ralph Snead’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643-1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelRalph Snead
Area Raised
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesByron 1643?

Royalist regiment of horse possibly serving with Byron’s army based at Chester

Service History

1643

  • December: Storm of Barthomley Church
  • December: Plunder Crewe and Haslington

1644

  • April: Skirmish near Uttoxeter (det)
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge??

Notes

A little-known cavalry unit, they were involved in the notorious massacre at Barthomley Church, Major John Connock of the regiment being held responsible.

Flags

Notable Officers

Ralph Snead

Or Sneyd, captured as a captain at the fall of Stafford in May 1643, his exchange was agreed in the August. The Civil War affected many communities in the country including Stafford. The Sneyd family from Keele Hall near Newcastle-under-Lyme, who occupied the house throughout the 17th and 18th Century, were Royalist supporters. Captain Richard Sneyd was living at the house when Charles I and Prince Rupert stayed in 1642 at the start of the Civil War en route to Shrewsbury. His brother Ralph was killed in 1650 in the Isle of Man fighting for the Royalist cause. Sneyd family papers at Keele University Sneyd of Keele.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Ralph Sneyd
  • Lieutenant Colonel ?
  • Sargeant Major John Connock Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Buckley Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Thomas Rode I.O. L + W
  • Captain Rooksby Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Richard Sneyd
  • Captain John Thorley (3)
  • Captain Lieutenant William Doughty (1) + I.O. L + W
  • Lieutenant William Clayton I.O. Stafford to Capt. Buckley
  • Cornet William Andrews I.O. Carmarthan to Capt. Rooksby
  • Cornet John Hunt (2) to Sgt. Maj. Connock.
  • Quartermaster Robert Hulme I.O. Chester to Sgt. Maj. Connock

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Brereton Letter Book.Vol.1 it.617 Possibly the Captain Doughty that came into Stafford in May 1645 and surrendered himself in fear of his life, having spoken words against the papists in the Kings army.

(2) Carte Vol.9 26.2.1644 To Marquess of Ormonde. Petition of Sargeant Major John Connock in Colonel Ralph Sneads Regiment on his own behalf and that of his Brother in Law Cornet John Hunt. John Hunt senior of Dublin is deceased and Raphael Hunt has taken their due estate.

(3) SP29.251.119 Petition of John Thorley ‘That ye Petitioner raised a Troop of horse for your Majestys Rayal Father in ye beginning of the Rebellion under the command of Colonel Ralph Snead and also another Troop of horse and a Company of foot for your Majestys service at Worcester.’

Merc.Aul. 11.4.1644

‘An Officer of Colonel Sneads Regiment with a party of Horse sent from Uttoxeter, had intelligence that the Moorlander Rebells were drawing together in a towne neare his march; the Captaine went thither and charged the the Rebells, who with horse and foot stood ready to receive him, having taken the Alarme a good while before; but the Captaine did his worke with such skill and resolution, that he rowted all the rebels, killed foyrteene of them, and tooke twelve prisoners and brought backe with him about thirty Horse, and many more carbines and muskets.’ This event occurred 5th April 1644.

Stafford taken. Vppon Mondaye the 15 May 1643 Colonell Brereton wth his Trowpers of horse & Dragooners did prvatlie gather together about Audley in Staffordshire, & Joyninge wth Colonell Ridgeway, (whose Companyes then laye att Newcastle & Leeke) on Tuesday morninge by three a Clocke almost peaceablie entred Stafford Towne, throwe [through] the pollicey & manhood [i.e. manfulness] of Maior Broomehall & a fewe others (The people in the Towne beinge quyett in theire Bedds), and possessed theim selves thereof, wthout losse of any man; They tooke aboue ffoure hundred Prysoners, & many gent. of worthe, viz: Captyn Sneyde, Captyn Bydolph, Captyn Leighe of Adlington, Captyn Bagott, Captyn Collyer, Captyn Hunt, Captyn Tresswall, & many other Comanders & gents. & Colonell Lane was Slayne, beinge on the Kinges ptie. Beside many Townesmen wch weire alsoe taken prsoners.

ORDERED, That this House doth approve of the Exchange of Colonel Lunsford and Captain Sneade, for Captain Walton and Colonel Stevens; and do recommend it to my Lord General accordingly. Ordered, That this House doth approve of the Exchange of Sir Charles Berkeley for Mr. George; and do recommend it unto my Lord General. From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 3: 1 August 1643',

Barthomley Churche. The Kinges ptie. comynge to Barthomley Churche, did sett upon the same; wherein about 20tie Neighbours where gonne for theire saufegarde. But maior Connaught, maior to Colonell Sneyde, (whom they in the Churche did take for the Lord Brereton,) wth his forces by wyelcome entred the Churche. The people wthin gatt up into the Steeple; But the Enymy burnynge formes, pewes, Rushes & the lyke, did smother theim in the Steeple that they weire Enforced to call for quarter, & yelde theim selves; wch was graunted them by the said Connaught; But when hee had theim in his power, hee caused theim all to be stripped starke Naked; And moste barbarouslie & contr'y. [contrary] to the Lawes of Armes, murthered, stabbed and cutt the Throats of 12 of theim; viz: mr John ffowler (Scholemr), Henry ffowler, mr Thomas Elcocke, James Boughey, Randall Hassall, Richard Steele, & Richard Steele, [bis] Will'm. Steele, George Burrowes, Thomas Hollins, James Butler, & Richard Cawell; & wounded all the reste, leavinge many of theim for Dead. And on Christmas daye, and Ste. Stevens Daye, the[y] Contynued plu'dringe & destroyinge all Barthomley, Crewe, Haslington, & the places adiacent takeing all theire goods, victualls, Clothes, and stripped many, bothe men & women, almost naked. And vpon Christmas daye 1643 , towards Nighte, another pte. of the Kinges forces, marched to Sandbach, most crewelly plu'dring & spoyling eu'yone [everyone].

Strength

See Also