Lord John Stuart’s Regiment of Horse

Active1644 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir Horatio Cary
Lord John Stuart
Earl of Cleveland
John Fleetwood
John Stuart
Area Raised
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesHopton 1644
Oxford 1644
Goring 1645
Hopton 1646

Later the Earl of Cleveland’s, Colonel John Fleetwood’s, then Colonel John Stuart’s Regiment of Horse

Royalist regiment of horse serving with Hopton and with the Oxford army

Service History


  • March: Battle of Cheriton, Stuart killed
  • Lord Stuart replaced by the Earl of Cleveland
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Skirmish on Braddock Down
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • August: Skirmish on Caradon Down
  • October: Relief of Portland Castle
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury, Cleveland captured


  • July: Battle of Langport
  • August to September: Besieged at Bristol?


  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro


Briefly commanded by Sir Horatio Cary then handed over to Lord Stuart while Cary raised another regiment of horse.

Flags & Equipment

Issued pistol powder & “pistol carbine” shot in April 1644

Notable Officers

Lord John Stuart

Lord John Stuart or Stewart, killed at Cheriton in March 1644.

Earl of Cleveland

Colonel John Fleetwood

Colonel John Stuart

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel the Earl of Cleveland
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Sargeant Major Clark Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Richard Atkins Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Atkinson Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Barber Ment. I.O.
  • Captain William Cownly I.O. L + W
  • Captain Griffith Cox I.O. L + W
  • Captain Robert Hill I.O. L + W
  • Captain John Topham (1)
  • Captain Edward Vernon Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Lieutenant Phillip Bell I.O. L + W
  • Captain Lieutenant Henry Mildmay I.O. Somersetsh.
  • Captain Lieutenant Thomas Reresby I.O. Nottinghamsh.
  • Lieutenant Byerley E.311.12 of his Brigade
  • Lieutenant George Dangerfield I.O. Worcester to Capt. Vernon
  • Cornet Henry Cave I.O. L + W to Capt. Atkins
  • Cornet William Smith I.O. Wiltsh. to Capt. Barber
  • Cornet Francis Wandsford I.O. Hampshire to Capt. Atkinson
  • Cornet Samuel Wells I.O. Bedfordsh.
  • Quartermaster Abell Button I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Clark
  • Quartermaster Thomas Clark I.O. Dorset to Sgnt. Maj. Clark
  • Quartermaster John Gibson I.O. Somerset
  • Quartermaster William Gilbert I.O. Dorset to Sgnt. Maj. Clark
  • Quartermaster Henry Hornabrook I.O. Devon.
  • Quartermaster Theophilius Linch I.O. L + W to Capt. Hill
  • Quartermaster John Newman I.O. Somerset to Captain Barber
  • Quartermaster Thomas Nicholls I.O. L + W
  • Quartermaster Thomas North I.O. Yorksh.
  • Captain John Mozyn Ment. I.O. (of FOOT)
  • Ensign John Mascal I.O. Worcestersh. to Capt. Mozyn (of FOOT)

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Swords & Pistols

(1) WO55.423. 26 die Aprilis 1644

Received out of his Majesties stores according to ye warrant within written for the use of the Earle of Cleaveland

  • Pistoll Powder 50 lb
  • Pistoll Carabine Shott 50 lb

John Topham Captaine

dvd. me The Pistolls and swordes within mentioned were delivered to the said Captaine Topham by indenture

Chaplain Apleford

SP29.7.65 Extract. 9th July 1660 To the Kings most excellent Majesty The humble petition of Charles Apleford Clerke

Sheweth that your petitioner was a true son of the Church of England for which he was ejected out of his fellowship of Queens Colledge in Cambridge. And that afterwards he served your Majestyes father of ever blessed memory in the late unhappy warres under the conduct of the right honourable the Earle of Cleveland and others that commanded that brigade for which he hath suffered much.


  • March 1644: 6 troops at Cheriton

See Also