Lord Capel’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1646
1648
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Capel
Marcus Trevor
Area Raised
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesCapel 1643
Byron 1643-5
Hopton 1646

Later Colonel Marcus Trevor’s Regiment of Horse

Royalist regiment of horse based in Cheshire and in the forces of Capel, then Byron, ending up in the West Country. Capel raised another regiment for the Second Civil War, fighting at Colchester

Service History

1643

  • May: Skirmish at Nantwich
  • June: Skirmish at Whitchurch?
  • August: Repulsed from Nantwich?
  • September: Skirmish at Loppington?
  • October: Battle of Wem and Leigh Bridge
  • Trevor replaces Capel
  • November: Battle of Holt Bridge
  • December: Second Battle of Middlewich

1644

  • January: Siege of Nantwich?
  • January: Battle of Nantwich?
  • March: Siege of Hopton Castle
  • March: Battle of Newark??
  • March to April: Siege of Brampton Bryan
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • August: Skirmish at Malpas
  • September: Skirmish at Montgomery
  • September: Battle of Montgomery
  • October: Storm of Ruthin

1645

  • January: Battle of Chrisleton
  • January to February: Besieged in Chester

1646

1648

  • June: Re-raised in Essex
  • June: Taking of Colchester
  • June to August: Besieged in Colchester
  • August: Surrender at Colchester

Notes

Flags & Equipment

According to Blount: The Lord Capels device favour'd more of affection to his King and Monarchicall government, then of any rare conceipt, bearing for figure a Scepter with a Crown Or in a field Azure, and for motto PERFECTISIMA GUBERNATIO1).

Notable Officers

Arthur, Lord Capel

Lord Capel (1604-1649) was appointed General of North Wales and the North Welsh marches in 1642 but was generally unsuccessful and replaced by Lord Byron in December 1643. He remained at Oxford until 1645 then accompanied Price Charles to Bristol, being appointed Colonel of the Prince's regiments of horse and foot. After the fall of the West he followed Prince Charles into exile. In 1648 he was instrumental in raising the Royalist rebellion in Essex. Besieged in Colchester by the New Model Army under Fairfax, the Royalists endured a hard fought and brutal siege of 76 days before surrendering. Capel was imprisoned in the Tower of London, escaped but was recaptured. He was sentenced to death and executed outside Westminster Hall in March 1649.

Colonel Marcus Trevor

Marcus Trevor served initially in Ireland before taking over Capel's horse.

Add. Mss 31225 extract. Mark-Marcus Trevor Renowned actions at the great Battell of Marston Moore in the County of York where after many high testimonies of his valour and magnanimity he that day personally encountered that Arch rebell and tyrant Oliver Cromwell and wounded him with his sword.

Strength

See Also

1) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655