Colonel John Frescheville’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643-1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelJohn Frescheville
Area RaisedDerbyshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesRupert 1644

Royalist regiment of horse originally based in Derbyshire

Service History

1643

  • Garrison of Staveley House
  • December: Skirmish at Nottingham

1644

  • March: Battle of Newark
  • April: Skirmish at Hassop
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • August: Besieged at Staveley House
  • Garrison of Newark

1645

  • July: Taking of Welbeck Abbey
  • November: Besieged at Welbeck Abbey

Notes

Eight troops, based at Stavely House and Bolsover Castle, then Welbeck Abbey.

Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Colonel John Frescheville

Frescheville previously served as a captain in Lord Wilmot’s Regiment of Horse fighting at Powick Bridge and Edgehill.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Sir John Freshville
  • Lieutenant Colonel Bettridge (1)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Hunloke (2)
  • Sargeant Major John Beversham I.O. L + W
  • Sargeant Major Luc Jamot (1)
  • Captain Richard Alsop I.O. L + W
  • Captain John Eyre Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Lowe (4) + Ment. I.O..
  • Captain Edward Nicholls Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Gervase Poole Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Lieutenant William Greaves (3)
  • Lieutenant Thomas Eyre I.O. Derby. to Capt. Eyre
  • Lieutenant William Fletcher (4) + I.O. Derby. to Capt. Lowe
  • Lieutenant Ignatius Poole I.O. Derby. to Capt. Poole
  • Cornet Clifton Rodes I.O. Derby. to Capt. Nicholls
  • Quartermaster Robert Bullock I.O. Notts.
  • Quartermaster Thomas Eyre I.O. Derby. to Capt. Eyre
  • Quartermaster John Harris I.O. Derby. to Capt. Poole
  • Quartermaster Hugh Scorer I.O. Derby. to Sir Henry Hunlock
  • Captain William Bates I.O. Nottingham FOOT

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Harl.Mss.986 f.95 ( A list of Officers)

  • Colonel Freshville
  • Lieutenant Colonel Bettridge a Gent. Belonging to Earl of Pembroke
  • Sargeant Major Jamot, a Walloon.

(2) Baronetts

Son of Sir Henry Hunloke ‘ Levied and accoutred a compleat Troop of Horse in the Regiment of John Freshville, of Staveley in Derbyshire, (afterwards Lord Freshville) whereof he himself was Lieutenant Colonel. And to the perpetual honour of his name and family, this young hero, not yet 22 years of age, like a true patriot of his country, at the memorable battle at Edge-Hill, in Warwickshire, by an uncommon valour, conduct, and courage, so signalized himself, that King Charles, to publish the honour that he had merited that day, knighted him in the field of battle, and soon after created him a Baronet. Not long after, making a bold attempt upon the enemy near Bestwood-Park, in Nottinghamshire, in a skirmish with some of the adverse party that lay in ambush, he received a cut with a sword in his elbow, which so disabled his right hand, that it hung useless in a scarf to his dying day; and for his loyalty to his Soverign, he was fined 2458L by the sequestrators.’

(3) SP23.179.121 To the honorable Committee at Gouldsmiths Hall The humble petition of William Greaves Captaine Lieutenant. Whereat your petitioner hath been in the Kings service…

SP23.179.123 William Greaves Gentleman maketh oath that he being a souldier for the King under the command of Collonel Freshville layd down his armes at Welbeck the 13th of November last and went into the Parliaments quarters first to Bolsover and then to Derbie and hath continued within the said quarters ever since submitting himselfe to the ordenance of Parliament and being not in health was constrained to stay at his fathers house until his nowe coming to London which was on the 20th of March last with a full intent to make his composition. William Greaves

Jur. 24. die March 1645 John Page.

(4) SP23.174.3 Petition of John Lowe of Hasland, was forced to take a Commission as Captain of Horse and raised 36 horse. They were given to Lieutenant Fletcher by Colonel Freshville and all lost at the battle near York.

Derbyshire Record Office Q/SB2/627 4th October 1687 To the Right Worshipfull His Majesties justices of the peace and Quorum. The Humble Petition of John Radige of Hasland sheweth that I John Radige your humble petitioner have served Kinge Charles the first in his wars and was under the Lord Fritchvile and was taken prisoner haveing my mare shott from under mee without any manner of satisfaction and whereas I your humble petitioner being ancient and past my worke doe humbly desire that your worships would bee pleased to enter my name into the pencion booke soe that I may have the next place which is vacant and I shall ever pray for your worships whilst I am your humble petitioner. John Radige.

Certified by Arthur Lowe

Mercurius Aulicus 11.4.1644

'But the Derbyshire rebells were forced into a better place; for that valiant Gentleman, Colonell Fretchvile (April 4) chased half a Regiment of the Rebells horse into Colonell Eyres house at Hassop, where without much adoe they yeelded themselves his prisoners, upon no other tearmes but quarter for life; he had prisoners there 4 Captains of horse, 4 Lieutenants, 2 Cornets, and fourscore Common Souldiers with all their horses and armes.’ The rest of this report relating to Colonel Snead will be found under that Regiment.

E.252.46 Intercepted letter, undated. Sir, These are to desire you to move Master Fretchwell to take up his Commission again, he cannot engage himselfe more honourably than to serve his King, his Commission and his men we have received, and desire that he may retake them again. Goring

SP23.151.255 Deposition of George Longe sent to deliver 2 Buff coats and 1 Barrel of Gunpowder to Welbeck Garrison and delivered them to Mr Bainford, servant to Earl of Newcastle. Robert Gardham a soldier was given one of the Buff coats.

Strength

See Also