Colonel John Fenwick’s Regiment of Horse

ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJohn Fenwick
Area RaisedNorthumberland
Flag Colour
Flag DesignMotto? -see below
Field ArmiesNewcastle 1644

Royalist regiment of horse serving with the Marquis of Newcastle’s forces

Service History


  • February: Battle of Corbridge
  • March: Battle of Penshaw Hill
  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor


Flags & Equipment

Allegedly Capt John Fenwick's cornet carried the motto “For the King and Protestant Religion” according to the Parliamentarian “Certaine Informations” news-sheet, that also claimed that Capt Fenwick had defected to Fairfax (see below).

Notable Officers

Col John Fenwick

John Fenwick, MP, was killed at Marston Moor.

Officer Lists

  • Colonel Sir John Fenwick
  • Lieutenant Colonel Bellasis Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major Anthony Loreyne (4)
  • Captain Nathaniel Crosland (3) + ment. I.O.
  • Captain George Fenwick I.O. Northumb.
  • Captain John Fenwick (1)
  • Captain Smith (2)
  • Captain Lieutenant Ralph Fenwick I.O. Northumb.
  • Lieutenant Ephraim Carre I.O. Northumb.
  • Lieutenant Francis Shield I.O. Northumb. to Capt. Geo.Fenwick
  • Lieutenant James Tayler I.O. York. to Capt. Crosland
  • Cornet William Greenwell I.O. Northumb.
  • Cornet Edward Haynes I.O. York. to Lt. Col. Bellasis
  • Cornet John Oliver I.O. York. to Capt. Geo. Fenwick
  • Quartermaster Peter Forster I.O. Northumb.
  • Quartermaster Ralph Shield I.O. Northumb. to Capt. Geo. Shield
  • Quartermaster Christopher Soulby (2) + I.O. Northumb.


  • Captain Fenwick Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant Robert Watson I.O. Newcastle to Capt. Fenwick

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Capt John Fenwick

Certaine Informations from severall parts of the Kingdome…23-30.1.1643

'It is also informed from thence, that Captain Fenwicke, Son unto Sir John Fenwicke, in Northumberland, who had command of divers Troopes of horse in the Earle of Newcastles Army, bore this mottoe in his Cornets,'For the King and Protestant Religion', which latter words the Papists not enduring, would have had effaced, whereat the Captaine taking distaste, hath deserted the Earle, and carried all his horse along with him to the Lord Fairfaxe'.

(2) Capt Smith & QM Soulby

SP23.154.554 Delinquency of John Brackenbury of Durham Deposition in his defence.

Henry Lancaster of Headlam in the Countie of Durham aged 63 yeares or thereabouts sworne and examined.

That in the Earl of Newcastles time Captaine Smiths men, one Quartermaster Sobell of the Kings partie came to Mr Brackenburys house, burst up the gates and tooke what they pleased.

(3) Capt Crosland

Dugdale Visitation of Yorkshire 1665

Nathaniel Crosland of Crosland Hill, died circa anno. 1644, being a Captaine of Horse in the army of King Charles the first

(4) Major Loreyne


Petition of Anthony Loreyne of Horbury that he had served as Major of Horse in 1643 to Colonel Fenwick.


See Also