Colonel James Zouch’s Regiment of Horse

Active1642 to 1643
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJames Zouch
Area RaisedHampshire?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesOxford 1643

Royalist horse of the Oxford army whose colonel died in 1643

Service History


  • November: Zouch brings a dozen or more horse to join the Royalists at Brentford
  • December: Troop of dragoons raised, garrison Chichester
  • December: Besieged at Chichester
  • Decemeber: Surrender of Chichester


  • Zouch raises a troop of horse
  • May: Zouch's troop serving under Prince Maurice in the West Country, he is commissioned Captain
  • July: Battle of Lansdown
  • July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • September: First Battle of Newbury
  • September: Zouch dies


Zouch was commissioned colonel some time in 1643 but the commission is undated, and it is unknown whether he actually managed to increase his troop into a regiment of horse before his untimely death in September 1643.


Notable Officers

Colonel James Zouch

Officer List

  • Quartermaster Christopher Sanders I.O. L + W to Capt. Zouch

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Zouch's Commission

James Zouch,Greetings. Know all men whome it may concerne-That wee trusting in ye fidelity diligence & dexterity in martiall affaires doe by these present constitute and appoynt you Colonell of one Regt. of five hundred horse which by virtue of this our commission you are immediate to rayse muster & retayne in our County of Southampton or in any other parte of our Dominions where you shallbee able for the defence of our royall persons,the 2 houses of Parliament the Protestant Religion the laws of the land the liberty and prosperity of the subiect and just privileges of Parliament and them so raysed to bring unto our Royall standard and to employ in our name as you shall from time to time receave directions and further that you be Captaine of one Troope in the said Regiment. n.d.

Ashburnham to Marquis of Winchester

CSPD 1644 9. John Ashburnham to John Marquis of Winchester. Recommending to his favour the sad condition of an unhappy lady, Mistress Zouch, whose husband served the King as a Colonel, and upon his death left her all her subsistence by a jointure at Odiham, now under contribution to his Lordship's garrison at Basing; where the tax falls so heavy upon her she is forced to represent it to his Lordship for relief. [Copy. 1 p.] Annexed, 9. i. Deposition on oath of Robert Green, gent., concerning the services and death of Colonel James Zouch. He came with his two brothers and betwixt 12 and 16 horses armed to the King's assistance at Braynford [Brentford] the beginning of last winter, and thence attended his Majesty to Reading and Oxford; and then having raised a troop of dragoons at his own charge they were commanded to Chichester, where they, together with a load of arms and all Mr. Zouch's wearing apparel, were lost. He afterwards raised a troop of horse and maintained them at his own charge until Prince Maurice went to the west, where he being made Captain of them was in all the actions till after the happy victory over Sir William Waller at Devizes, and thence to the siege of Gloucester, thence with his Majesty's army to the battle at Newbury. Going thence he fell sick of a great cold at Reading, whereof he died within 10 days. This deponent believeth the many journeys and ill lodging he had in his Majesty's service were the cause of his death. And this deponent knoweth it hath cost Mr. James Zouch in his Majesty's service above 4,000l. and he believes near 5,000l., and his pistols and all his horses save one were left to Sir Charles Blunt, a Captain in his Majesty's Army at Reading, and that with my mistress's consent, for his Majesty's service. 1 p.]


See Also