Lord Spencer’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration 11)
Flag Illustration 22)
Flag Illustration 33)
Active1643 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
ColonelLord Spencer
Sir Thomas Colepepper
Area Raised
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesOxford 1643-4
Goring 1645
Hopton 1646
Lucas 1648

Later Sir Thomas Colepepper's Regiment of Horse

Royalist regiment of horse of the Oxford Army that suffered heavy losses at Cirencester in 1643

Service History


  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • September: Stormed at Cirencester
  • September: First Battle of Newbury, Spencer killed


  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Relief of Donnington


  • July: Battle of Langport


  • Quartered around Barnstaple
  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro


  • Raised anew by Colepepper
  • June: Taking of Colchester
  • June to August: Besieged at Colchester
  • August: Surrender at Colchester


The regiment is sometimes said to have been completely captured at Cirencester but it seems plain that remnants fought at 1st Newbury, as Lord Spencer was killed there. Thereafter the regiment passed to Sir Thomas Colepepper.


Red cornets from the regiment were captured by Essex's army when the regiment was surprised along with Sir Nicholas Crispe’s Regiment of Horse at Cirencester. Illustration 1 depicts Lord Spencer's cornet, unusually it bears his coat of arms, a practice frowned upon by contemporary heralds. Illustration 2 depicts the cornet of Sir John Colepepper, the King's Chancellor of the Exchequer, it shows the House of Commons with severed heads on it and the motto 'as outside, so inside' effectively calls the Commons traitors. Illustration 3 depicts a cavalier chasing a Parliamentarian crying for quarter and the motto translates as 'who follows this wins'4). Colours known Williams 130 Maj. Bosevile + 2 unknown officers. Taken at Cirencester when Regiment was Richard Spencers of Orpington, Kent.

Notable Officers

Henry, Lord Spencer, 1st Earl of Sunderland

Lord Spencer was killed at the First Battle of Newbury.

Sir Thomas Colepepper

Raised a regiment in the Second Civil War and served at Colchester.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

  • Colonel Lord Spencer
  • Colonel Thomas Colepepper (previously Lt Col)
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Gage (6) (ment. I.O.)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Gamlyn (Ment. I.O.)
  • Sargeant Major Humphrey Bosevile (2) + (3)
  • Captain John Brampston (I.O. Essex)
  • Captain Edward Bromfield (I.O. Surrey)
  • Captain Nicholas Hatcher (I.O. Surrey)
  • Captain Joyner (1)
  • Captain March (1) (Reformadoe)
  • Captain Gregory Peachy (I.O. Hampshire)
  • Captain Poole (Ment. I.O.)
  • Captain Edwin Sandys (I.O. L + W)
  • Captain Smith (4)
  • Captain William Winter (5) (I.O. Dorset)
  • Lieutenant John Carew (I.O. L + W to Capt. Poole)
  • Lieutenant Humphrey Edwards (I.O. Hunt.)
  • Lieutenant William Furmidge (I.O. Dorset to Capt. Winter)
  • Lieutenant Thomas Hall (I.O. Kent)
  • Lieutenant George Sayer (I.O. L + W to Lt. Col. Gage)
  • Lieutenant William Shelly I.O. Surrey
  • Cornet Robert Bond I.O. Oxon.
  • Cornet Edward Hinckly I.O. L + W to Capt. Sandys
  • Cornet George Littleboys I.O. Yorks.
  • Quartermaster John Jones I.O. Kent
  • Quartermaster Richard Lane I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj Boswell
  • Quartermaster Thomas Welch I.O. Kent to Lt. Col. Gamlyn

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

P5180072/3 These entriess are for the period prior to 17th February 1645/6.

Accompt by John Rooke of ye Parish of Charles what money he hath payd for weekely pay and excises & other charges for Lettlebray and Stoake Tennants for the use of the Garrison of Barnstaple & others as it doth appeare heare underwritten since his last accompt.

Pd one fortnights pay to ye Constable which money was payd out to some of Coll: Colpepper his Officers li sh d 0. 8. 0

(1) E.293.17 A letter sent to the Right Honourable William Lenthall Esq. Officers captured at Langport.

(2) Letter from the Commissioners with the King, that they had detected Bosevile delivering Letters to the King, from the Queen and Prince. “To the Right Honourable the Earl of Manchester, Speaker of the House of Peers pro Tempore. Westm'r.

“My Lord, “This Afternoon, as the King was riding from Holdenby to Boughton to bowl, He alighted (as usually He hath done) at a Narrow Bridge in the Way, at the End of which Bridge there stood one Humphry Bosevile (who had (Footnote †) been formerly a Major in His Majesty's Army), disguised in a Countryman's Habit, with an Angle in his Hand, as if he had been fishing; and privately conveyed into the King's Hand Letters from the Queen and Prince, as more particularly appears in the Examination which we send your Lordship here inclosed. We have committed him to the High Sheriff of this County, where he is to remain until your Lordship's Pleasure be known. In Discharge of our Duty, we thought fit to do this, and to give your Lordship a speedy Account thereof; remaining Holdenby, 6 April. 1647. “Your Lordship's Most humble Servants, B. Denbigh. Edw. Mountagu.”From: 'House of Lords Journal Volume 9: 9 April 1647', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 9: 1646 (1802), pp. 130-34. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=37016&strquery=BOSEVILE. Date accessed: 26 October 2005.

Examination of Bosevile. “Holdenby, 6 April. 1647. “The Examination of Humph. Bosevile, some-time of Ensford in Kent, and late Major to Colonel Culpepper's Regiment, in the Lord Cleveland's Brigade, taken before the Commissioners. “Who saith, That this present Day he did deliver to the King (as He was going to Bowls) a Packet of Letters, which he lately brought out of France from the Queen, with some inclosed from the Prince, as the King was walking over a Narrow Bridge near a Mill. “That he heard it discoursed before he came over, That the Prince, having a Desire (from a Sense he has of his Honour) to accompany the Duke of Orleane in his Wars, hath in One of his Letters wrote to the King for Leave so to do; the Queen Regent of France being otherwise unwilling to give her Consent. “That the Lord Culpepper did assure him the said Major Bosevile, before he came out of France, that the Letters he brought tended much to Peace; and which he is confident is true. “That he was at Newcastle the same Day the King was delivered into the English Commissioners Hands; and that he went thence into France, and carried with him a Letter from the King to the Queen, which Letter he received from His Majesty in the Morning of the said Day. “That it is about a Fortnight since he the said (Footnote *) Bodevile came into England; and that he hath lodged Two Nights in a Furze-bush, and Three Nights at a Countryman's House near this Place, waiting for an Opportunity to deliver the said Letters. “That he borrowed the said Countryman's Cloaths for his Disguise (but his Name or Dwelling he refuseth to tell), in which he delivered the said Letters, with an Angle also in his Hand, as if he were fishing. “That he was commanded to deliver the said Letters to the King's own Hand, which he undertook to do: And saith, That if he could have found an Opportunity otherwise, he was resolved to deliver them to the King before the Commissioners, although he had died for it; conceiving the Letters conduced to Peace, as is aforesaid. “This Examination being read unto him the said Humphry Bosevile, he acknowledgeth the same to be true; but refuseth to set his Hand unto it. “J. Burroughs (in Absence of the Secretary), by Order of the Commissioners.”From: 'House of Lords Journal Volume 9: 9 April 1647', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 9: 1646 (1802), pp. 130-34. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=37016&strquery=BOSEVILE. Date accessed: 26 October 2005.

(3) Harl.Mss.6852. f.32 Captain Humphrey Boswell hath raised a troop of 45 horse requires 20 sets of pistols. In service since taking of Bristol dated.11.3.1643. Presumably the same man although his original Regimental details remain unknown.

(4) E.77.6 Certaine Informations 20-27.11.1643. Two malevolent ‘Londoners that were taken at Cyrencester in Gloucestershire, are escaped out of prison here, their names are Captaine Hacket and Captaine Smith, and so that labour and hazard of taking them is quite lost…’

Hacket was in Sir Nicholas Crispe's Regiment and the likelihood is that Smith was also of that Regiment. However as only Spencer's and Crispe's Regiments were involved at Cyrencester I have included him in both Regimental listings.

(5) SP19.156.22 Severall charges of delinquency before the Committee for Advance of money by Capt. Grifontius Phillips and Capt. John Roade. That John Winyett of the County of Glocester gent did in the yeare 1643 furnish Capt. William Winter then a Capt. for the late Kinge against the Parliament with two sufficient and able horses and when one of those horses were killed hee the said John Winyett sent the said Capt. another horse and armes in the said yeare 1644.

(6) SP23.227.249

Surrendered on the Articles of Truro

Also see

SP23/87/1059 The humble petition of William Gage of Framfield in the Countie of Sussex


See Also

1) , 2) , 3) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
4) Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine