Colonel George Heron's Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1644
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelsGeorge Heron
Robert Brandling
Area RaisedDurham
Northumberland
Flag ColourUnknown
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesNewcastle 1643-4

Later Colonel Robert Brandling's Regiment of Horse

Royalist cavalry regiment of the Northern Horse, whose second colonel turned coat and fought for Parliament

Service History

1643

  • Raised in County Durham and Northumberland
  • June: Battle of Adwalton Moor, Heron killed
  • July: Brandling likely takes over
  • October: Battle of Winceby?

1644

  • February: Battle of Corbridge, Brandling captured by the Scots
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Brandling joins the Parliamentarians

Notes

Newman provides a history of the regiment and biographies of its officers1).

George Heron raised his regiment of horse in 1643 from County Durham and Northumberand. The regiment served as part of the Marquis of Newcastle’s army in the North, but details of which engagements it was present at are lacking until Adwalton Moor. At this battle Heron and his regiment were likely deployed on the right flank of the Royalist army, as they opposed Sir Thomas Fairfax’s force. George Heron was killed in the battle, Sir Thomas noting that four looters rifling his corpse were all killed by one cannonball, which he attributed to Divine Providence.

Brigadier Young believed that Heron's regiment was taken over by Colonel Anderson, however Newman disagreed and assigned Heron's vacant command to Brandling2).

Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Officer lists are shown in The Royalist Army in Northern England 1642-45 (2 vols) Peter R Newman, PhD Thesis, The University of York, 1978.

George Heron

George Heron was the son of Cuthbert Heron of Chipchase in Northumberland. Cuthbert had been High Sherriff of Northumberland in 1625 and helped raise his son's regiment. George Heron was killed in action at Adwalton Moor according to Stuart Reid and Brigadier Young in The English Civil War Armies, though some sources say he was killed at Marston Moor.

Colonel Robert Brandling

Captain in Colonel Edward Grey’s Regiment of Dragoons in 1642 then Lt Col of Colonel Charles Brandling’s Northumberland Trained Band Regiment of Foot, by April 1643 he may have been recruiting a troop of horse around Berwick, then in July appears to have taken over Heron's regiment. He was captured by the Scots at Corbridge. He was exchanged and served at Marston Moor for the Royalists. Captured again at the fall of York, he changed sides to the Parliament and was made Colonel by Lord Fairfax, see Colonel Robert Brandling’s Regiment of Horse.

Sir George Bowes

Served under Heron and Brandling, probably as Lieutenant Colonel.

Major Ralph Brandling

Uncertain whether he was the Ralph Brandling killed at Marston Moor, or the one joining Langdale's regiment of the Northern Horse.

Strength

See Also

1) The Royalist Army in Northern England 1642-45 (2 vols) Peter R Newman, PhD Thesis, The University of York, 1978
2) The Old Service: Royalist regimental colonels and the Civil War, 1642-6 P.R. Newman, Manchester University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-7190-3752-2