Earl of Crawford’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelEarl of Crawford
Area Raised
Flag ColourBlack?
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesHopton 1643-4
Montrose 1644

Royalist Regiment of horse serving with Lord Hopton’s forces, then with Montrose on his brief incursion into Scotland in May 1644

Service History


  • May: Crawford advances towards Malmesbury with 200 of his own horse and 100 of Colonel John Innes’ Regiment of Dragoons
  • July: Battle of Lansdown
  • July: Besieged at Devizes
  • July: Skirmish at Beckhampton
  • July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • July: Storm of Bristol?
  • July: Garrison of Marlborough
  • September: First Battle of Newbury
  • September Repulsed from Poole
  • November: Standoff at Farnham Castle
  • 23rd November: Skirmish at South Harting
  • 30th December: Skirmish at Westbourne & South Harting


  • January: Skirmish at Havant?
  • March: Battle of Cheriton?
  • April: Taking of Dumfries
  • May: Siege of Morpeth
  • May: Skirmish at Sunderland


The regiment included many Scots. Some of Crawford’s officers joined Colonel James Hamilton’s Regiment of Horse, including Capt John Ridpath, captured at Langport in 1645. Possibly this was on Crawford’s return North in 1644. Others appear to have joined Colonel Andrew Lyndsey’s Regiment of Horse around the same time.

Flags & Equipment

When in Lord Eythin's regiment, Capt Dalziel's cornet was black, showing a naked man hanging from a gibbet and the motto I DARE. It seems likely she kept the same cornet on Montrose's expedition.

Notable Officers

Earl of Crawford

Capt Frances Dalziel/Dalyell/Dalzell

From Scotland, she was allegedly the illegitimate daughter of the Earl of Carnwath and led her troop on Montrose's brief campaign to Dumfries in April 1644. Mark Napier in his Memoirs of the Marquis of Montrose1) speculates that she may have been the author of an anonymous account of the Earl of Newcastle (p.403). A Frances Dalyell (alias Mrs Pierson) is reported as being a captain in Lord Eythin's Regiment of Horse in March 1644 prior to the Battle of Bolden Hill, with a black cornet bearing the motto I DARE. She appears in Indigent Officers quoted in Reid's Cavalier Army Lists 2) listed as serving in Lord Eythin’s Regiment of Horse. It seems that her troop joined Lord Eythin's horse before the fight at Bolden Hill in March 1644 then accompanied Montrose in his expedition, perhaps as part of or attached to Crawford's regiment of horse.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Crawford advances on Malmesbury

Add.Mss 18980 f.71 To Prince Rupert May it please your Highness

Yr orders to my Lord Crawford in his absence I have opened, his honor being gone this afternoone towards a village within a mile of Malmesbury with a party of some 200 horse of his owne and about 100 of my mounted Dragoons to see if he can meet with some of the enemies forces which are there, they being about 100 by intelligence, his honor intends to fall in with them in ye morninge. I have sent your highness orders after him and expect his honors commands which I shalbe willing to obey with the utmost of my power, soe not troubling your Highness further at present I rest,

Your humble servant to command Jo. Innes. Farrington May 25. 1643 7 at night.


  • May 1643: 200 horse

See Also

1) Mark Napier, Memoirs of the Marquis of Montrose, Vol.II, Edinburgh (1856)
2) The Cavalier Army List Volume 1, Stuart Reid 2013, Partizan Press ISBN:978-1-858-651-1