Earl of Crawford’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelEarl of Crawford
Area Raised
Flag ColourBlack?
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesHopton 1643-4
Montrose 1644

Royalist Regiment of horse serving with Lord Hopton’s forces, then with Montrose on his brief incursion into Scotland in May 1644

Service History

1643

  • July: Battle of Lansdown
  • July: Besieged at Devizes
  • July: Skirmish at Beckhampton
  • July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • July: Storm of Bristol?
  • July: Garrison of Marlborough
  • September: First Battle of Newbury
  • September Repulsed from Poole
  • October: Skirmish at South Harting?
  • November: Standoff at Farnham Castle

1644

  • January: Skirmish at Havant?
  • March: Battle of Cheriton?
  • April: Taking of Dumfries
  • May: Siege of Morpeth
  • May: Skirmish at Sunderland

Notes

The regiment included many Scots. Some of Crawford’s officers joined Colonel James Hamilton’s Regiment of Horse, including Capt John Ridpath, captured at Langport in 1645. Possibly this was on Crawford’s return North in 1644. Others appear to have joined Colonel Andrew Lyndsey’s Regiment of Horse around the same time.

Flags

Capt Dalziel's cornet was black, showing a naked man hanging from a gibbet and the motto I DARE.

Notable Officers

Earl of Crawford

Capt Frances Dalziel

From Scotland, she was allegedly the illegitimate daughter of the Earl of Carnwath and led her troop on Montrose's brief campaign. Apparently she was really Mrs Pierson. It is unknown what happened to her following the campaign. Mark Napier in his Memoirs of the Marquis of Montrose1) speculates that she may have survived the war and been the author of an anonymous account of the Earl of Newcastle (p.403). It is known that Rupert took command of what troops Montrose had after Marston Moor so she may have continued serving under his command. Either way, there is no firm record of her after Montrose's brief campaign.

Strength

See Also

1) Mark Napier, Memoirs of the Marquis of Montrose, Vol.II, Edinburgh (1856)