The Duke of York’s Regiment of Horse

Active 1643 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir Charles Cavendish
Sir Samuel Tuke
Area Raised
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCavendish 1643
Queen 1643
Newark Garrison
Goring 1645

Also Sir Charles Cavendish’s Regiment of Horse, later Sir Samuel Tuke’s Regiment of Horse

Royalist regiment of horse nominally led by Prince James the Duke of York but in fact by Cavendish, then Tuke during the First Civil War

Service History


  • March: Storm of Grantham
  • April: Battle of Ancaster Heath
  • May: Battle of Grantham
  • July: Storm of Burton on Trent
  • July: Battle of Gainsborough; Cavendish and Lt Col Markham killed
  • October: Battle of Winceby


  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • May: Storm of Stockport?
  • May: Storm of Bolton?
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • August: Skirmish at Malpas
  • November: Relief of Donnington


  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • July: Battle of Langport


  • Combined into the Prince of Wales’ Regiment of Horse
  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Skirmish at St Columb
  • March: Surrender at Truro


Cavendish took over the Duke of York's troop of Prince Rupert’s Regiment of Horse after Edgehill and was commissioned to raise a regiment.

Coats and Flags

Notable Officers

James, Duke of York

Prince James, second son of King Charles I.

Sir Charles Cavendish

Charles Cavendish, second son of the Earl of Devonshire, he was appointed Colonel General of Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire but was killed at the Battle of Gainsborough by James Berry, Captain-Lieutenant of Colonel Oliver Cromwell’s Regiment of Horse.

Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Markham

Killed with Cavendish at Gainsborough on 28 July 1643. Death noted in Mercurius Aulicus's account of the battle (Week 31, p.413). Mini biography in P.R. Newman's Royalist Officers in England and Wales (p.246).

Sir Samuel Tuke

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Charles Cavendish (k. at Gainsborough)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Markham (1) + Ment. I.O. (k. at Gainsborough)
  • Sargeant Major Samuel Tuke (1) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Sir Robert Brown I.O. Northants.
  • Captain Toby Holder (3)
  • Captain Newdigate Poyntz (2)
  • Captain Lieutenant Ashton E.84.23 (k. at Gainsborough)
  • Lieutenant Toby Holder (3)
  • Cornet Bancroft E.84.23 to Col. Cavendish (k. at Gainsborough)
  • Cornet Toby Holder (3)
  • Cornet Leonard Reasby I.O. York. to Sgnt. Maj. Tuke
  • Quartermaster William Smith I.O. Notts. to Lt. Col. Markham

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Markham & Tuke

The Memoirs of the Cavendish family by White Kennett

(2) Newdigate Poyntz


The humble petition of Mary Poynzes widowe late wife of Newdigate Poynzes deceased. Sheweth that your petitioners husband was Captaine of a Troope of horse under the Command of Collonell Candish in the Garrison of Newarke and at the seidge of Gainesborough hee was slaine. Your petitioner therefore humbly desireth she may bee admitted to a favourable Composition in discharge of the Sequestration of her said husbands estate / And she shall daily pray.

Mary Poyntz

30. April 1646

SP29.2.87 The humble petition of Francis Poyntz ‘That Newdigate Poyntz, late petitioners Father being a Captain under Colonel Candish was slaine in ye service at Gainsboroh’

(3) Toby Holder

SP29.26.68 Services done by Captain Toby Holder

‘First, with his brothers charged in the Earl of Bristols Troop at Edgehill. After he was Ensign [Cornet] and Lieutenant to Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Markham in the Regiment commanded by Sir Charles Cavendish, and his Lieutenant Colonel being slayne at Gainsboro he commanded and marched in the head of that Troop in the first warr. 1648 followed Lord Langdale into Scotland and was employed as his secretary.’


E.84.23 VERY GOOD Cornet Bancroft and Capt. Lt Ashton a Papist of Stafford killed by the same shot. Cavendish later killed. COPY R786A E.84.23 E.63.12 RELATION OF DEATH OF CAVENDISH DETAILED.


See Also