Duke of Gloucester’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelDuke of Gloucester
Philip Stanhope
Area RaisedNottinghamshire
Derbyshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies Loughborough 1643-5

Also Lord Taafe’s and Colonel Ferdinando Stanhope’s Regiment of Horse, later Philip Stanhope’s and John Barnard’s

Royalist cavalry regiment serving with Lord Loughborough and in garrison at Shelford House in Nottinghamshire

Service History

1643

  • January: Stanhope commissioned Colonel
  • March: Battle of Hopton Heath
  • September: Raid on Nottingham

1644

  • January: Repulsed from Nottingham?
  • February: Skirmish at Shelford?
  • February: Repulsed from Trent Bridge
  • March: Battle of Newark?
  • September: Skirmish at Sleaford and Torksey?
  • December: Skirmish at West Bridgeford Ferdinando Stanhope killed in action
  • December: Besieged at Abbey Cwm Hir (det of 70 under Barnard)

1645

  • July: Barnard besieged at Canon Frome
  • October: Besieged at Shelford House Philip Stanhope killed

Notes

Known as the Duke of Gloucester’s regiment, they were initially led by Lord Taafe, the Duke being a minor, but Taafe returned to Ireland. The regiment was based on a troop of horse that Ferdinando Stanhope led north from Oxford in March 1643, it may have included troops raised by his father, the Earl of Chesterfield, who had just surrendered at Lichfield. Ferdinando Stanhope led the regiment in the Midlands, where it formed part of Loughborough's small army based at Ashby de la Zouch, but he was killed in a skirmish near Nottingham in December 1644. The horse then appear to have come under Philip Stanhope’s command but some joined Stanhope’s old regiment of foot in Herefordshire under Col. Barnard. In July 1645 Barnard was besieged at Canon Frome in Herefordshire by the Scots army. During the siege General Laurence Crawford was killed, which so enraged the Scots that they massacred most of the garrison of seventy when they successfully stormed it. The garrison of Shelford house in Nottinghamshire, led by Philip Stanhope were also stormed in October 1645. The garrison at Shelford included at least one company of foot.

Flags

Notable Officers

Henry Stuart, First Duke of Gloucester

Henry Stuart (1640 to 1660) was King Charles the First’s youngest son, and only three years old when ‘his’ regiment was raised. His colonelcy was of course nominal, the regiment being led by Stanhope.

Lord Taafe

Colonel Ferdinando Stanhope

Colonel Philip Stanhope

Philip Stanhope, killed when Shelford House was stormed in October 1645.

Colonel John Barnard

Originally Major of the regiment.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

  • Colonel Theobald Viscount Taafe (3)
  • Colonel Ferdinando Stanhope (1)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Philip Stanhope Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major John Bernard (1)
  • Sargeant Major John Scott Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major George Thorold (4)
  • Sargeant Major Charles Wilson Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Cole Ment. I.O.
  • Captain William Milward (1)
  • Captain Mynn (1)
  • Captain George Thorold (4)
  • Captain Robert Thorold (2) + I.O. L + W
  • Captain Henry Walker I.O. Middx.
  • Captain Warren (1)
  • Captain Lieutenant Thomas Lewyn (1)
  • Lieutenant William Smith I.O. Lincolnsh. to Sgt. Maj. Wilson
  • Lieutenant Francis Widdrington I.O. Nottinghamsh. to Lt. Col. Stanhope
  • Lieutenant Robert Wood I.O. Nottinghamsh. to Capt. Walker
  • Cornet Richard James I.O. Nottinghamsh. to Capt. Walker
  • Cornet John Scott I.O. L + W to Sgt. Maj. Scot
  • Cornet Henry Skelton I.O. Yorksh. to Capt. Thorold
  • Quartermaster Robert Gregge I.O. Nottinghamsh. to Capt. Walker
  • Quartermaster Joseph Langly I.O. Lincolnsh. to Capt. Cole

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor judge, aka. BCW user 1642

E.244.46 Englands memorable accidents 2-9.1.1642/3 Ferdinando Stanhope is made a Colonel

(1) Harl. Mss. 986 f.92 Captain Mynn son to Sir Richard Mynn

(2) SP29.9.32 July 1660 ? Extract The humble petition of Capt. Robert Thorold That your petitioner in the late unhappy warres did faithfully serve your Majesties royal father till the siege of Newarke in the quality of Captaine of Horse in his Highness the Duke of Gloucesters Regiment.

(3) Harl. Mss. 6804 f. 27 Our will and pleasure that you march with all the Regiment under your command from your quarters at Brome ??? to come upon Saturday the ninth of June having first applyed great

To our Right Trusty and wellbeloved Cosen the Viscount Taafe, Colonell of the Regiment of most deare and most beloved Prince the Duke of Gloucester.

E.245.6 QUICK CUT AND PASTE FROM WORTLEY CHECK STANHOPE 'Sir Francis Wortley with his two Troopes of Horse, is still roaming about in Darbyshire. they beate and abuse poore men that come from Buxton and Wealy Bridge to fetch Malt at Darby, and take their Horses from them, they stop the passage at Brassington Moore and Buxston, that none can travell to Manchester: Sir Thomas Stanley and his brother, with three others, who were sent by the Parliament to Manchester were intercepted by them at Brassington Moore, but by the swiftness of their Horses, they escaped from them, and got safe into Darby, where a Drum hath bin beaten up for Voluntiers for the King, which are to be comanded by Captain Wodrose and Mr Stanhope, Brother to the Earle of Chesterfield: This aforesaid rebellious crew have plundered two Houses in Brassington, and threaten to fire the Towne, they gather daily to them Miners and other base shaggraggs, Sir John Gell, a worthy Knight in that County, hath gotten some forces together at Chesterfield to withstand them, to whom the Mayor of Darby sent Advertisements, that some idle fellowes about Wirksworth stopped the way to Manchester, plundered mens houses, and tooke away travellors Horses, and therefore they desired to know whether he would joine with them to suppresse this Rout and drive them out of their Country, the Mayor allso sent to the High Sheriffe of the County to aid them to disperse those villaines and to conduct Sir Thomas Stanley and his company out of their County towards Manchester: Mr Charles White in Nottinghamshire will joyne his forces with Sir John Gell to drive them thence.'

(4) SP23.189.696

Information from Boston Lincolnshire 8.8.1646. Delinquency of George Thorold of Boston Lincolnshire. Captain of a Troop of horse, then Major until Newark surrendered.

Officer List and References relating to Col Barnard

In addition and rather confusingly the following.

  • Colonel John Barnold
  • Lieutenant Colonel Richard Dudley (2) + (3)
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Jennings (3) + ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Briscoe (1) + I.O. L + W
  • Captain Houke Taken in Canon Frome
  • Captain Milward (2)
  • Captain Norton (1)
  • Captain Lieutenant John Pickering I.O. Worcs. Horse
  • Lieutenant Mewberry (2)
  • Lieutenant Whittington (1)
  • Quartermaster Dod (2)
  • Quartermaster Thomas Harris I.O. Worcs. to Sgnt. Maj. Jennings

have a note that they were in Garrison at Abbey Cwm Hir, Mr Pughs house taken 8th December 1644 and a Captain Fowler. Need to check.

Barnard the Governor, Richard Fowler, Mr Hugh Lloyd the High Sheriff

Alley Cwm-Hir, Radnorshire, a Royalist Garrison, taken by the Parliament Forces under Myddelton. December.

Sir, Our forces being so small in number we cannot but see the mighty hand of God in blessing our proceedings, as I have formerly showed. And now again, our General, Sir Thomas Myddelton (since the taking of Mr. Pugh's house 1 ), having intelligence that the enemy had made them a garrison at Abbey Cwm-Hir, a very strong house, and built with stone of a great thickness, and the walls and outworks all very strong, the house having been in former times an Abbey of the Papists, which is situated upon the borders of Montgomeryshire, within twelve miles of Montgomery, or thereabouts ; and the country, by reason of the cruelties, plunder, and unchristian usage of the cruel and merciless enemy towai'ds them, as far as Kery, Newtown, and other places, and some miles distant, suffered exceedingly, and were almost utterly undone; which, notwithstanding the great strength of the enemy, our General being troubled to hear of the cruelties against the poor people by the enemy, put on a brave resolution, trusting in the Lord, and went against them and marched thither. We came before them on “Wednesday last with our old forces, and Col. Beales and Lieut.-Col. Carter, who came to him out of South Wales.2 Our general being resolved to do his utmost for the gaining of it, summoned the Castle, but the Governor returned a flat denial, and said that he would not deliver up the said garrison to us; whereupon we immediately stormed it, and that with such violence that we soon took it by force.

I have sent you a list of the particulars that you may see and know the great things that God hath done for us. To Him be praise. This garrison of theirs is Master Fowler's house, which began to be a great annoyance to us. But God be blessed, we are now free from it, and that which is most of all to be admired is the great providence of Almighty God to us in this particular, which I can assure you is true, that we lost not one man in all this that was slain, though some were wounded. Since which our General having thrown down the enemy's works, and made the garrison unserviceable for the future, we made entrance and marched away from thence to Flintshire, where our General took great care for the securing of those parts and placed a garrison there. At Wellington there is a garrison put within Mr. Dymack's house, which will do the enemy, we hope, some detriment and hinder their projects. The enemy are grown so desperate in their proceedings that they care not what hurt they do to honest godly men, such as are firm Protestants ; but my General's re- solution is such that we hope to give a very good account in short time of our proceeding against all their power. So for the present I rest,

Red Castle, the 9th of December, 1644

A list of particulars of what was taken by Sir Thomas Myddelton and Col. Mytton at Abbey Cwm-Hir.

Col. Barnard, the Governor of the said garrison, Hugh Lloyd, Esquire, Commissioner of Array, and High Sheriff for that county, 2 Captains of Foot, 1 Captain of Horse, 1 Capt-Lieut, 3 Lieutenants, 2 Foot Colours, 1 Cornet of Horse, 4 Sergeants, 8 Corporals, 2 Trumpeters, 4 drums, 60 common soldiers, 3 barrels of powder, 60 fire locks, 40 horse, 40 horse-arms, besides 200 musketeers, many arms and other ammunition.

Perfect Occurrences, No. 20 ; 20-27 December, 1644

Hereford Record Office Court Files 1642-44 PC220050

To Richard Mason Keeper of the Mayors Gaole in Heref. Or to his Deputy or any of them to whome it may concerne.

Whereas Harbert Richardson Clerke is and hath beene a Chaplaine in his Majesties Army unto a Regiment of Horse under the command of Collonell Barnold ever since the 10th day of February 1644 as appears by a Commission under the hand and seale of the said Collonell Barnolrd. These are therefore to require you uppon sight hereof to release and sett att liberty the said Harbert Richardson that he may repayre to the Regiment for the performance of his duty, wherein you are not to fayle, dated this 22th of Aprill 1645

Nich: Throkmorton

(1) SP23.157.344 Robert Grady saith at the time Canon Froome garrisoned by Captain Norton and Colonel Barnard, Abrall lived only 1 mile from the garrison.

SP23.157.347 Interrogatory. Richard Giles did you tell Abrall that you were a souldier listed under Captain Briscoe at ye garrison of Canon Frome and did not Mr. Cooke of Stretton tell you he would give you £5 if you would swear and inform against Mr Abrall ? Among the various evidences is that he entertained Lieutenant Whittington at his home.

(2) E.7.25 A true relation of two great victories.

(3) Harl. Mss. 986 f. 92

  • Colonel John Barnard was first Major to Col. Stanhop
  • Lieutenant Colonel Ric. Dudley
  • Major Jennings a cow girdler
  • 160 foot kept ye house at Ashby.
  • No Captains.

Journal of the House of Lords Vol.7. 28.7.1645

‘Sir, You demand this House, for the Use of the King and Parliament. My Commission is by the King alone; and, if I may see a Command under His Majesties hand, I shall with all Willingness obey it. Until then, I cannot give that Account as is expected from me; nor will I resign it upon any other Conditions, so long as I shall have Life. Only I rest,

Your Servant, John Barnold. Cannon Froome, 22 July, 1645.’

My Lord, “Upon Thursday the 17th of this Instant, the Army marched from Droitwich to Bewdly, where they were forced to stay upon Sonday all Day, for Want of Provisions to the Souldiers, and Draughts for the Cannon and Ammunition: It had bin the much neerer Way and that Cannon Frome is taken. to have gone by Upton; but the Committee of Worcester made us beleeve that Bridge could not bee easily repaired, perswaded us to come this Way to ease their owne Quarters, and made many faire Promises for Assistance; but, though they have continued with the Army a Fortnight, they have never provided One Draught; but, on the contrary, such as they imployed to that Purpose did take Money from the Country People, to free them from sending their Teemes, as was declared before the Generall in Presence of that Committee, when the Country People were demaunded the Reason of their refuseing to furnish Draughts to the Army. Upon Saterday the Army marched to Temberry, and stayed there on Sonday, beinge advertised that the Enemy was aboute Bi'pps Froome. Towards Night, the Earle of Callender, (fn. *) Lieutenant Generall Leseley, and Major Generall Middleton went out, with a Party of 4500 Horse, Foote, and Dragoones; they marched all that Night, and Monday all Day, in Pursuite after them; but the Enemy still retreated before them. Upon Tuesday, they came to Cannon Froome, by which they intended only to have passed; but the Earle of Calender, haveinge viewed the Place upon all Quarters, sent Summons to the Governor, Colonell Barnold, to surrender it, for the Use of the Kinge and Parliament. He retourned a verball Answere, by my Lord's owne Drummer, “That the Commaund of it was intrusted to him by His Majesty, and that he would keepe it for His Use as long as he had a Dropp of Blood in his Body.” Calender sent backe the Drummer, and desired he would retourne his Answere in Writinge, which he did accordingly, the Coppy whereof is here inclosed. After Receipt of his Letter, the Leiuetenant Generall haveinge caused provide such Necessaryes as could bee had in soe short a Tyme, gave Order for storming the Place. The Graffes were aboute Nyne Foote deepe, and as broad, and in most Places full of Water. The Works above the Graffes were soe high, that all the Ladders wee could gett were too short. The Enemy behaved themselves valorously; but it pleased the Lord to give our Souldiers soe much Courage, that, after a hott Dispute, they were beate from their Works; after which, they fled to the House, where they fought desperatly, till a greate Part of them were killed. Woe lost aboute 16, and 24 are wounded. Of the Enemy, wee killed aboute 70; Colonell Barnold deadly wounded; Captaine Briscoe, Captaine Houke, and Thirty others, taken Prisoners. The Generall and Committee hath written, to knowe the Parliament's Pleasure, for a Governor and Garrison to put in it; and, till Order bee taken for that Purpose, have put into it 120 Foote, and 20 Horse. The Place hath bin very hurtfull to the Country, and may bee of good Use now for their Preservation. The Enemy holted aboute Rosse, to which Place our Party is marched after them; but they are now further retreated to Monmouth. The Army is now advanced from Bradyeard and Luddberry with much Difficulty; the Wayes are exceedinge straite and hard to passe on this Side Severne, soe that the Army is not able to march above Eight Miles a Day, though they begin to march at the Sun-riseinge, and continue till 10 at Night; and the Carriadges are soe long in provideinge, that they are forced to drive all Night. The Country is unwillinge to afford us any Thinge, and the Committees give us noe Assistance. When the Generall had sent Letters to the Committee of Gloucester, for Provisions and Accommodations to the Army; they wrote backe that they had presumed soe much upon his Excellencye's Patience, as to send to the Committee of both Kingdomes, to desire some other Course might bee taken for their Accommodation, as if his Excellencye's Patience could have sattisfyed the hungry Bellyes of soe many Thousand Souldiers: At this Instant, they have had noe Meate for Two Dayes together; and, if their Patience were not extraordinary, it were impossible to gett them kept in a Body; and I am very much troubled to consider what Way they shall bee provided, when they advance further into these Welch harrased Countyes, after an Enemy that spoyles and wasts all where they come. When the Parliament's Commissioners shall come hither, I hope they will represent the Necessityes of this Army, their Willingnes and Readines to doe Service, and the Oppertunityes that are lost for Want of necessary Meanes of Subsistance; and then I doubt not but Care shall bee taken for their Maintenance, if there bee a reall Desire that their Endeavors should bee effectuall, and of Advantage to the Kingdome. “The Governor of Hereford sent Yesterday a Letter to the Generall, with other Two Letters from Sir William Fleming, one to his Excellency, and the other to the L. Generall the Earle of Calender; which, with the Answers, were sent to bee communicated to the Parliament. I have sent you the Copies here inclosed; and remaine “Your Lordship's most humble Servaunt.”

Ludbury, the 23 Julii, 1645.

Colonel John Barnold was buried at Ashperton, Herefordshire 25th July 1645.CHECK PARISH REGISTER

See E.1071.1 for mention of Captain Brisco

Strength

See Also