Colonel John Digby’s Regiment of Horse

ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJohn Digby
Jonathan Trelawney
Area RaisedWest Country
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesHopton 1642-6

Later Colonel Jonathan Trelawney’s Regiment of Horse

Originally raised as a troop of Lord Grandison’s regiment of horse, they stayed independent and served throughout the First Civil War in the West County

Service History


  • July: Raised in the West Country
  • August: Skirmish at Marshall’s Elm
  • August: Skirmish at Wells
  • September: Besieged at Sherborne Castle
  • September: Skirmish at Babylon Hill
  • December to January 1643: Siege of Exeter?
  • December: Skirmish at Torrington?


  • February: Battle of Modbury
  • March: Trelawney commissioned Captain
  • April: Battle of Beacon Hill
  • May: Battle of Stratton
  • June: Siege of Exeter?
  • July: Battle of Lansdown?
  • July: Skirmish at Topsham
  • August: Skirmish at Torrington
  • August: Taking of Appledore
  • September: Siege of Barnstaple
  • October to December: Siege of Plymouth
  • November: Skirmish near Plymouth alongside Colonel John Arundell’s Regiment of Horse


  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel?
  • September to January: Siege of Plymouth
  • November: Second Battle of Newbury?


  • April to May: Siege of Taunton?
  • July: Battle of Langport


  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro?
  • March to August: Siege of Pendennis Castle?
  • August: Surrender of Pendennis Castle?


Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Colonel John Digby

Colonel Jonathan Trelawney

Jonathan Trelawney served as a captain in Sir Bevil Grenville’s Regiment of Foot then in Digby’s Regiment of Horse and took over the cavalry regiment as colonel in 1644. From 1645 he also led Colonel Jonathan Trelawney’s Cornish Trained Band Regiment of Foot.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642


The humble Representment of the Services and Sufferings of Jonathan Trelawny, Esq. July the 24th, 1660. First. That att the age of seventeen yeares he raised, att his owne charge, a foot company, with which hee served under Sir Bevil Greenfield. (a) Secondly. Att his age of eighteen yeares he raised a troope of horse att his owne charge, and served with it in the regiment of Collonell Digby, (b) where hee continued in service untill he had a commission to be a Collonell of that regiment of horse.

Thirdly. That hee also raised a regiment of foot at his own charge, which hee brought before Taunton, and served with them there under the commande of Sir Richard Greenfield, and afterwards served as Collonell Generall of a brigade of horse, when the Earle of Essex came into Cornwall. Fourthly. That since the end of the warrs all his estate was sequestrated for severall yeares, untill he was forced to redeem it by paying a great ffyne. Fifthly. That his father, by virtue of a commission from his late Majestie, levied and received of the countrie (which hee paid over for his Majesties service) severall sumes of money, to the vallue of 1000Z., for which hee and his father were questioned by the then power ; to defend which suites and tyranny then imposed upon them for that service hee was forced to bee at great expense, charge, and trouble, and att the end compelled to repay the said 1000/., with charges to the value of 500/. more. Sixthly. That hee payd decimation and all other taxes and pay- ments, imposed upon him with all severity imaginable. Seventhly. That hee suffered imprisonment in Pendenis, Truroe, Tregony, Bodmyn, and Dortmouth nine severall times, sometimes three quarters of a yeare att a time, to the great preiudice of his health and ruine of his estate and family. Eighthly. That hee was designed three times to have lost his life, beinge all w ayes considered by the enemy as most obnoxi- ous to them of all the King's partie in that countrie, beinge twice imprisoned when noe other of his Majesties partie in that county was soe treated. Ninthly. That in the last winter's designes he disbursed 300. in preparation of horses, armes, and men for his Majesties service. That in all time of the warrs, and since the warrs, he never received any money att all for his services, in which hee was never either remisse or negligent in promoting of his Majesties interest and service all which shall bee made very clerely and fully appeare whensoever his Majestie shall commande it. For all which the said Collonell Trelawny humbly imploreth his Majesties favour and goodnesse to him. And whereas your Ma-jestie, on the petitioner's former request, was pleased that your petitioner should have a grant of the duty of tenn shillings upon the awne of Deale and Rhenish wine, at the rent of 201. per annum, as the same was formerly granted unto William Murcey, Esq. May it please your Majestie to give your possitive order for your Petitioner's proceeding with the said grant to effect, with- out which your Petitioner and his family must inevitably perish. And, as in duty, &c. JONA. TRELAWNY.

(a) This was Sir Bevil Grenville, who was killed at the battle of Lansdowne (5th July, 1643), where the Cornishmen did excellent service. In the Grenville Library is a volume of Oxford verses (1643) to his memory by William Cartwright and others, noticed by Mr. Bolton Corney in Notes and Queries, vol. i. p. 151. Sir Richard Grenville was his younger brother. (b) The original warrant from Col. John Digby, dated 1st March, 1642-3, is among the family papers.


Originally a single troop.

See Also