Colonel Francis Trafford’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelFrancis Trafford
Area RaisedYorkshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison
Langdale 45?

Royalist regiment of horse perhaps serving under Langdale in 1645

Service History


  • October: Trafford at York collecting weapons
  • November: Issued pistols and swords at Scarborough
  • December: Trafford said to be active in the East Riding of Yorkshire


  • Garrison Danby and Mulgrave Castles
  • May: Raid the Scots horse at Northallerton


  • Mulgrave Castle surrenders
  • May: Storm of Leicester?
  • June: Battle of Naseby?


Appear to consist of both horse and dragoons. Probably part of the Northern Horse. Mulgrave Castle was surrendered some time in 1645 by Capt Zachary Steward, perhaps part of this regiment.

Flags and Equipment

Issued with 232 pistols and 100 swords at Scarborough from York magazine in Nov 1643.

Notable Officers

Francis Trafford

Officer List

From original research by Victor Judge, aka BCW wiki user 1642

  • Colonel Francis Traffford
  • Lieutenant Colonel Francis Morley (Ment. I.O.)
  • Sargeant Major Godfrey Dennis (I.O. Yorks.)
  • Sargeant Major Christopher Hildyard
  • Captain Hillyard (Ment. I.O.)
  • Captain Richard Hunter (I.O. Yorks.)
  • Captain Edward Wyvall (I.O. Cumb.)
  • Captain Lieutenant George Thimbleby (I.O. Yorks.)
  • Lieutenant John Errington (I.O. L + W to Capt. Wyvall)
  • Cornet John Hall (I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Dennis)
  • Cornet Thomas Lowther (I.O. Cumb. to Capt. Wyvall)
  • Cornet Cuthbert Morley (to Lt. Col. Morley)
  • Quartermaster Phillip Herbert (I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Hillyard)
  • Quartermaster Charles Jackson (I.O. Yorks. to Lt. Col. Morley)

Contemporary References

Pass for Hildyard

Pass from Fer. Fairfax for Sargeant Major Christopher Hildyard (of Rooth, Yorks.) to pass to Rooth. 16.7.1644. Probably the same man as Captain Hillyard

Cornet Morley

Cuthbert Morley Cornet to Lieutenant Colonel Morley in my Regiment. Signed Francis Trafford.

In 1643 he was taken prisoner to Hull and exchanged by Sir Thomas Glenham, Governor of York.

Trafford in the East Riding

E.78.14The kingdomes weekly intelligencer 5-13.12.1643

'Collonel Trafford a Papist (one much relied on at Court to settle the Protestant Religion) is come into the East Riding of Yorkshire,and by his letters stiles himselfe, Generall of the East Riding, but Sir William Constable and Sir John Meldrum are gone from Hull with a party to meet him'.


E.49.26 Late May 1644 Sallied out of Danby and Mougrave (Mulgrave) Castles in Cleveland and fell upon some Scots horse quartered at Northallerton but were resisted and 17 men slain.


Mulgrave Castle was surrendered in 1645 by Captain Zachary Steward.

There are no military references in the Parish records at Danby and the records in Northallerton are blank during the Civil War.


  • May 1644: 160 Royalist horse said to be involved in the raid on Northallerton

See Also