Colonel Thomas Veale’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelThomas Veale
Richard Poore
Area RaisedGloucestershire
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Later Colonel Richard Power’s Regiment of Foot

Royalist regiment of foot in garrison at Berkeley Castle

Service History


  • September: Hickes listed as a Captain
  • October: Defence of Berkeley Castle?
  • December: Garrison of Bristol


  • September: Defence of Berkeley Castle


  • February: Skirmish at Lancaut
  • June: Besieged at Berkeley Castle
  • September: Besieged at Berkeley Castle
  • September: Surrender Berkeley Castle


apparently included a troop of horse as one of the listed officers was a cornet.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Colonel Thomas Veale

Veale was replaced by Richard Power as Governor of Berkeley Castle in September/October 1644. Thomas Veale died 1663 and is buried in the Chancel of Alvington Church.

Colonel Richard Power

Or Poore, from Ireland, succeeded Veale as Governor and Colonle but was killed at Lancaut skirmish in February 1645 and buried at Chepstow.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

Under Veale
  • Colonel Thomas Veale
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Veale
  • Captain Francis Bennett
  • Captain Bridgeman
  • Captain Thomas Hicks
  • Captain Martin
  • Captain Sandys
  • Captain Thomas Smyth
  • Captain Smith
  • Captain Thoroughgood
  • Lieutenant John Clifford
  • Lieutenant George Cowling
  • Lieutenant William Wrench
  • Ensign Thomas Pritchard

Of Horse

  • Cornet Edward Creeche
Under Power
  • Colonel Richard Power
  • Lieutenant Colonel Richard Weston
  • Sargeant Major Slowley

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

Glocestershire fatling

Tom Veel, the Glocestershire fatling I lately told you of, that winced and spurn'd so at Colonell Masseys summons, is very well rewarded for it; being put beside his Governorship of Berkly Castle by Rupert, and one Poore an Irish creature succeeded him. But is not this poore doings (my masters) you that hold Townes and Castles for his Majesty? Have ye any English heart about ye, and can ye heare this with patience? Ye see what ye must come to after all your good service; even be slaves to the ambition of a German Boy, and the avarice of Irish rebells. Had it not been better for Tom Veel, having an estate about Berkly Castle, to have made a Composition for his estate upon the Surrender, then to hold out, as he did, and lose both the place and estate for his labour ? Come yeeld, and be wise, if not for conscience, yet for your own sakes; Ye see else what ye must come to.

Wintour to Prince Rupert

'May it please your highness The letters I sent you uppon our ill success at Lancaute, went by the way of Bristol, and soe have added to my misfortune in that your highnes wil be the longer without knoledge of the truth of what passed and my self in the meane time shal remayne subject (the common condicion of those that are imployed) to hard censure uppon misinformation of those that wish me not well. By the importunity of this bearer whose hast wil not permitt me to write much, I shal give your highness this briefe account. That for the forces you were pleased to send with me from oxford noe quarter would be afforded in this towne or hundred for a greate while not withstanding I sent worde with them that allowance should be made to the country for it out of the contribution by which meanes the foote were al disbanded before I came from Woster and most of the hors. for the hors and Dragoones sent with me by Prince Maurice I mayntayned them a month without succour which (prictheles unclear) were promised within 4 days out of Herefordshire in despight of al that Massy and that country could doe agaynst us and had not their mutinous carradge enforced theyr more sudden departure from my garrison,then was necessary or intended,I should not doubted to have at worst returned them safe back but they would gon at any hazard,and the way of Lancaut was thought the most secure;besides that in the passadge it gayned the pass which the foote appoynted by Sir Thomas Lunsford to be on the other side might have secured to the very greate advantage of his Majesties service,but those foote were not there,and the others insteade of doinge theyr duty did plunder, drinke, and run away by meanes whereof besides other losses happened the drowning of Coll. Power which greeves me more then all. he reconcyled the mutinyes at my house and to prevent any by the way accompanied us himself, nothinge can be sayd to iy but that his hower had comme, for could he not have swum (as he was the best of ingland) he had bin saved as many others were. We are in greate expectation of the result at Abergany where Genl. Gerard Sir Thomas Lunsford and the commissioners of these countyes meet. I shall apply my best endeavors to prosecute as much as in me lyes what they shal thinke best. My house remaynes in the same condicion it did, but longe it cannot if force looke not into that cursed country.I beseech your highness to take the same into consideration soe farr as weyghinge of what use the place may be with the diversion of forces to releeve it (which happily I can not be spared from greater services of his Majesty) whither it will not be for the best to afforde meanes to remoove the ordinance armes ammunition and soldiers that are in it before it be too late to doe it.this I move noe otherwise then as offeringe all my interest for what that be most for the service of his Majesty. I am not without feare of this place for the country rise sometimes in greate numbers and chase our hors from theyr quarters,they have greate store of armes and talke of the same associations as in other partes. I wil omitt neyther paynes nor hazard to prevent it and this night hope to meete Sir Thomas Lunsford whose direction I shall follow and soe prayinge for the good success of your highness in your present action. I beseech you retayne me in your good opinion and let me not (which is agaynst justice as well as your own name) be condemned til I be heard, I remayne your highness most obedient servant John Wintour

Chepstow 28 Feb.(1644/5)


Harl. Mss. 6752 f. 3

To High Sheriff of Co. Glocs: Col. Veale and Commissioners for Berkeley Division.

Trusty, etc. Whereas we have lately issued a Commission under our Great Seale together with instructions authorising you or any three of you to imprest in Berkley Division in ye County of Gloucester the full number of 1000 men to be brought into our City at Bristoll at such time as the Governor shall direct for the wintering our forces in that Garrison. Now our pleasure is that you forthwith raise five hundred of that number to be impressed and brought into such place in that Division as Colonell Mynne shall desire towards the compleatinge his Regiment of Foote and the Regiment of our dear sonne James Duke of York under the command of Sir William St. Leger wherein wee expect you to employ your best care and diligence speedily to effect the same; and so we bid you farewell from our Court at Oxford

3. January 1643(4).

Capt Hickes

SP23.223.702 Extract The humble petition of Thomas Hickes Gent. (of Crumhall Gloucestershire).

That your petitioner in September 1643 listed himself as a Captaine in the Regiment of Collonel Veel where he continued until August the following and then with approbation of Collonell Massey Governor of Glouc(ester) and some assurance from the Committee of Gloucester that your petitioner should freely enjoy his estate notwithstanding his former being in armes, your petitioner came in and hath since lived under the protection of Parliament unto which parts hee hath since been assisting in reducing of Bristol to the Parliaments obedience.

Capt Smyth

SP23.179.550 Extract. The humble petition of Thomas Smyth Gent

Sheweth that about Aprill 1644 your petitioner listed himselfe as a Captaine in the Regiment of Coll: Thomas Veel, where he continued till October the followinge, and then with the approbation of Coll: Massey Governor of Glouc(ester) hee laid downe his armes,and hath since that time lived under the protection of the Parliament Garrisons…

July 1644

E.4.32 EVENT HAPPENED IN JULY 1644 Captains Sandy and Martin taken prisoner and Captain Thoroughgood slain in a sallee from Berkeley Castle July 1644. Mentions 100 horse and 80 muskets taken. Confusing. See Cobbett.

Below record but not sure of original source.

Old ref. 44 Date [15 or 22 Oct] 1642 Extent 1 document Letter to John Smyth the Younger from Thomas Veel at Alveston notifying him of Lord Berkeley's desire for an advisory meeting of gentlemen of the county and passing on reports that the King will soon be a Warwick with a large force

Old ref. 58 Date 16 & 17 Sep 1643 Extent 1 document Letter to John Smyth the Younger from George Maxwell [commanding the royal garrison at Berkeley Castle] requesting a loan for the payment of his soldiers, with his lieutenant's receipt for the money

Sir My Lieutenant hathe beene withe the Lord Hopton since yesterday, for some moneyes, and is now returned, without any, wiche makes me importune you at suche ane untymely hour, I protest befor god if I have not moneyes to give my souldiers a weiks Pay the morow, I ame not sure to have one man befor night Therfor Sir I entreate you as I shal ever be obliged to you, to procure amongst your neighbours the somme of twinti four pounds against the morrow befor noone, and Upon my word I will restore it within six days, sir yow doe know this dothe mightely Concerne his Majesties service, and my Credit, wiche makes me again and again to redoubel my request I most becaus of my necesity trust to you, and I wil send my Lieutenaunt to waitte upon yow the morrow morning and till then I ame

Berkeley Castle this 16 of September 1643 Your humble servant George Maxwell I Grante the receate of twinty four pounds from Mr Smyth of Nibley this 17 of Septembre 1643 J Couler (?) Lieutn

Old ref. 60 Date 17 Nov 1643 Extent 1 document Letter to John Smyth the Younger from George Maxwell complaining of the lack of men and supplies for the Berkeley Castle garrison

Sir I have Wreatt to Sir frances haly conserning the esteat of the castl I have sufred as much as I can with my credite and hes trusted to ther veray fare promeses: they have given me manay good wordes but I finde it is onlay to spend the tym: but What is spent so it is to his majesties los you know that when his majesty resed the sedge from gloster that he sent me 4 peic of canonn but finding the tym so dangrous I durst not before the bring them into this plac at that tym

I cannot have on of thes four pices agane for his majesty servic: you know that by ane order which his majesty gave me at gloster for thrie hundred and 20 men to be in garisonn in berkly castl of which 300 and 20 men the penc his ouene companie was to be 200 of them they have taken avay the prenc his companay I can have neither met nor monnay for thos that I have ther is ane expres order given verso By Sir france haly that I shall have no intertainment for my souldioury

To the contararay but that cumpane that is heir with me of my Lord Hoptons is deuly payed sinc Sir Frances haly was heir and hes provided themself in wituelles the sydes out of the countray my men is all for the most part Gone away the on being well used and other not If I had not head your 50 busheles of wheat and your chease with it I sould never head a man and if there sould cum a nemey I am not abele to vithstand them towdays I have no men the he constabl

Harve hes assuered me that they rar providing in gloster for this plac I don finde it is to put ane afronnt upon me by not providing of me with things fiting for this plac but I believe the Los will be his majesties Sir I will be frie with you I have sent my Livetenent to the prenc with my com - mecion but kipe this to yourself I refer the relation of all our bissines to the berer heir of rest berkly castl the 17 of november 1643

Your most humbl servant George maxwel


  • 320 in garrison at surrender in September 1645

See Also