Colonel Thomas Pinchbeck’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 11)
Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelThomas Pinchbeck
Sir Henry Bard
Area RaisedNorthumberland
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourWhite
Flag DesignRed Crosses
Field ArmiesOxford 1643-5

Later Sir Henry Bard’s Regiment of Foot

Royalist Regiment of Foot raised in the North then serving with the Oxford Army

Service History

1643

  • Raised in Northumberland
  • May: Sent to Oxford from Newcastle's army
  • May: The regiment formed into two, Pinchbeck's and Lord Percy’s Regiment of Foot
  • August: Garrison of Oxford, guarding East Gate with Percy's regiment
  • 24th August: Issued 1 cwt each of powder, match and shot
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury Pinchbeck killed
  • November to December: Occupy Towcester (det)

1644

  • 13th February: Mustered at the New Parks, Oxford, as Pinchbeck's
  • Sir Henry Bard made Colonel
  • March: Battle of Cheriton Bard loses an arm
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • Garrison of Campden House, brigaded with The Queen’s Lifeguard Regiment of Foot Firelocks delivered to the regiment
  • December to January 1645: Two officers buried at Cirencester

1645

  • February: Loss of Stoke House?
  • March: Skirmish at Winchcombe?
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • July: Recruited in Wales and reportedly 500 strong at Cardigan2), in the same month Bard was at Worcester writing to demand money with menaces

Notes

There is a regimental history by Bob Giglio available online at the old ECWSA website, via the Wayback Machine.

Quite a few foot Regiments that fought at Naseby were subsequently re-recruited in Wales from July 1645, including William Murray’s, Appleyard’s Tillier’s, John Pawlett’s, Sir Jacob Astley’s, Duke of York’s, King’s Lifeguard, Sir Henry Bard’s, Sir Bernard Astley’s, Robert Broughton's and Lisle’s3).

There is a brief history by Stuart Reid in English Civil War Notes and Queries Issue 1 p 14.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

The regiment wore grey coats in 1644 4).

In 1643 the regiment appears to have been equipped with matchlock muskets, as they were issued powder, match and shot. However they were re=equipped with firelock muskets in the winter of 1644.

Under Bard, the regiment carried white flags with red crosses surrounded by four small red crosses as devices in 1644 and 1645. The exact details of the crosses are slightly unclear. The designs were sketched by Symonds at Aldbourne Chase in 1644 and by Turmile from among the captured flags from Naseby 5).

Notable Officers

Colonel Thomas Pinchbeck

Killed at First Newbury

Sir Henry Bard

Sir Henry Bard, later First Viscount Bellomont, biographies at BCW, Sealed Knot, Wikipedia.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Thomas Pinchbeck
  • Colonel Sir Henry Bard
  • Lieutenant Colonel Goodrich (5)
  • Sargeant Major Henry Goodrich 6)
  • Sargeant Major Walter Vernum (5)
  • Captain Devoslet
  • Captain John Errington Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Lawson
  • Captain Lesley
  • Captain Wenman 7)
  • Captain Lieutenant Thomas Goodrich I.O. Suffolk
  • Captain Lieutenant John Lawson I.O. Northumberland
  • Lieutenant Fowler
  • Lieutenant Twifield
  • Lieutenant Windsor
  • Ensign Wiliam Deane (3) to Col. Bard
  • Ensign Dolison
  • Ensign Fairbrother
  • Ensign Henry Richardson I.O. Durham to Capt. Errington

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

St. Mary Magdalen Oxford

Colonall Pensback (Pinchbeck) buried from Mr Speeds House Januarie ye xxii 1644

Ensign Deane

(3) E262.19 Taken in a fight at Ausley near Whittaker Church 29.6.1645. He was in Dudley garrison after the defeat at Naseby.

Burials at Cirencester

(5) Cirencester Parish Register 30th day December 1644 Lieutenant Colonell Guddridge buried. 21st Januarrie Walter Vernum a Maior.

Probably Henry, previously Sargeant Major. Walter Vernum or Vernon may or may not be connected to the Regiment.

Letter from Bard

e.297.12 August 1645 Letter extract of Bards.

His Majesty being forsaken by the Welsh, is gone with 2500 Horse and Dragoons intending the North: And thus (Sir) you see, his Majesties and our Glories are grown dim, and like suddenly to extenguish.

Damage at Campden House

Among the sequestration papers of Baptist Lord Viscount Campden submitted by him to his losses during the war is the following.

SP23.183.115 His Mannor House of Campden, stables, other outhouses, and some furniture therein burned by Colonell Bard to his damage of 53000 L

Bard at Worcester

E.262.29

Master Kecke I sent to you for substance, take your paper againe, and know; Though the Divell be against us, and God not with us, I will finde you out to answer for your periury: I yet treat with you till Saturday next, when if you make payment of 100li to the Lady Gardiner, in Oriell Colledge in Oxford, I am fully satisfied, if not (by God) I will ride for you myself, when if I miss you, I will fire whatever I finde of yours, and will sell to you back, your very children. Neither Scot nor Roundhead shall protect you. Sir you have yetr time to be wise, and I am yet your friend.

H.Bard Worcester the 16. of July 1645

Pay for Pinchbeck's

(1) Harl.Mss. 6802.f.167

To our trusty and welbeloved Mathew Bradley, Paymaster Generall of the Army

Our will and pleasure is that you pay all the respective Lts., Ensignes, and all other inferior officers and souldiers of the Regiment of Foote under the command of Colonell Pinchbeck seaven days pay according (to) their full number drawn ? on their muster rolls and this warrant together with aquitance for the same shalbe your discharge. 8 June (1643)

Powder for Pinchbeck's

WO55.459.231

To Sir John Heydon Lieutenant Generall of the ordnance and to the officers of the same.

These are to will and require you to that you forthwith issue out of his Majesties Magazine under my command halfe a barrell of powder with a double proportion of match and the same to deliver to Captaine Warton for ye present supplyinge of my owne, and Collonell Pinchbecks Regiments of Foote, being appointed to keepe the Gards and watches at East Gate, and for your soe doeing this shalbee your warrant.

Court att Oxford 9th of June 1643.

Received out of his Majesties stores for the service above expressed Powder 50lb Match 100lb The marke of John Sadler Sergt.

Strength

See Also

The regiment is re-enacted by Sir Henry Bard's Regiment of Foote of the Sealed Knot.

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) Harley Mss. 6802 f.275
3) from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642
4) , 5) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
6) WO.55.459.27,28,31 + 32 4-6.3.1644
7) WO.55.459.29 6.3.1644