Sir John Paulet’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceProtestant
Royalist
ConflictsConfederate War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir John Paulet
Area RaisedEngland
Coat ColourYellow
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesInchiquin 1642-3
Hopton 1644
Oxford 1644-5

English regiment of foot raised for service in Ireland, returning in 1644 to serve with Hopton and the Oxford Army

Service History

1642

  • Spring: Raised in England
  • May: Shipped to Munster1)
  • Serving under Inchiquin in Munster
  • September: Battle of Liscarroll

1643

  • Serving in Munster
  • Garrison of Kinsale
  • October: Shipped to Minehead and Bristol, while part of the regiment remains at Kinsale under Lt Col Brockett

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • December: Garrison Cirencester (det?)

1645

  • April: Storm of Ledbury
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • July: Recruited in Wales
  • July: Battle of Langport (det)
  • September to October: Besieged at Winchester? (Paulet captured there)

Notes

Not to be confused with Lord Paulet’s regiment of foot.

Part of the regiment appears to have remained in Ireland at Kinsale under Lt Col Brocket, who later joined Inchiquin in opposing the cessation and declaring for Parliament. By 1646 he led Colonel William Brockett’s Regiment of Foot in Inchiquin's army.

Quite a few foot Regiments that fought at Naseby were subsequently re-recruited in Wales from July 1645, including William Murray’s, Appleyard’s Tillier’s, John Pawlett’s, Sir Jacob Astley’s, Duke of York’s, King’s Lifeguard, Sir Henry Bard’s, Sir Bernard Astley’s, Robert Broughton's and Lisle’s2).

Coats and Flags

A petition (see below) mentions Sir John Paulett, Colonel of the eldest Regiment of Yellowcoats in Ireland. The regiment were issued suits of clothes on their return to England at Bristol, supplied by Thomas Bushell3).

Paulett's (and probably Vavasour's) wore yellow coats in Ireland and both were issued suits of clothes at the same time when they were shipped to Bristol. Sir Charles Vavasour’s Regiment of Foot are known to have worn yellow coats in 1644, therefore it appears probable that Paulett's also wore yellow coats in England.

Notable Officers

Sir John Paulet

Sir John Paulet, or Poulett, succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Paulet in 1649. Sir John Paulett was in Winchester at its surrender.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge

In Ireland
  • Colonel Sir John Paulett 4)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Brocket 5)
  • Sargeant Major Baynton 6)
  • Captain Arthur Roberts 7)(1)
  • Captain Coddrington 8)
  • Captain Thomas Cupper 9)
  • Captain Henry Chester / Cheyter 10)
  • Captain John Pinchbeck 11)
  • Captain Sheffield 12)
  • Captain Thomas Pawlett 13)
  • Captain Robert Sandys 14) In Ireland; Horse I believe
  • Ensign Edward Brockett to Lt. Col. William Brockett 15)
In England
  • Colonel Sir John Paulett
  • Sargeant Major John Pinchbeck
  • Captain William Bottomly I.O. Devon
  • Captain Mason
  • Captain Edward Mill I.O. Sot'n.
  • Captain Neve Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Sir Edward Richards I.O. Sot'n.
  • Captain Robert Wind I.O. L + W (twice)
  • Lieutenant John Barling I.O. L + W to Capt. Neve
  • Lieutenant Birket
  • Lieutenant Bradford
  • Lieutenant Burling
  • Lieutenant Hickman
  • Lieutenant John Newbury I.O. Sot'n.
  • Lieutenant Wynn
  • Ensign Cooke
  • Ensign Glascooke
  • Ensign Hutchins
  • Ensign Price
  • Ensign Yeat

A list of the regiment's officers is also shown in An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press.

Contemporary References

In Ireland 1642

“And it is most true that those three Regiments which the King and Parliament sent over for this Province, under the commaund of Sir Charles Vavasor, Sir John Paulett and Sir William Ogle, are soe lessened, wakened and made unserviceable by fluxes, small pox, feavers, and with long marches and lyeing upon the cold ground, as we are not able out of these 3 regiments to draw into the field 1200 able and serviceable men; death and sickness having reduced them to sioe weake condition.” Earl of Cork to speaker of the House of Commons 25/08/4216)

From original research by Victor Judge:

(1) Captain Roberts

Gloucester Borough records Gloucester record office. GBR/H/2/2 f. [254] 1642 Names of 31 Gloucestershire men who volunteered for service in Ireland with Captain Arthur Roberts of Sir John Pawlett's regiment, and who have run away, to be sent to Minehead, Somerset

Regiments in Cirencester 23.12.1644
  • Colonel Pierce
  • Colonel Phillip Walker
  • Colonel Edward Hopton
  • Colonel Matthew Appleyard
  • Colonel Henry Shelley
  • Colonel Bernard Astley
  • Herbert Lunsford (Earl of Forth's Regiment)
  • Richard Hall
  • William Woodhouse (probably Paulett's or Appleyard's Lieutenant Colonel)
  • John Pinchneck (Sir John Paulett's Regiment)
  • Giles Palmer (Matthew Appleyard's Regiment)
  • Henry Ellis (Probably Sir John Paulett's Regiment)
  • Thomas Conynsby (perhaps Of Lord Astley's Regiment [TW])
  • Colonel Duke
Sgt Maj Pinchbeck June 1644

Gloucester Record Office 6.6.1644 Letter to Col. Hopton saying that Sgnt. Major Pinchbeck has been appointed to march tomorrow with Officers and souldiers of Lord Hoptons and Sir John Pawletts to Abingdon.

Pinchbeck was also in Cirencester Add. Mss 18981 f.343 23.12.1644

Wiltshire Record Office

Burrowes' Petition

A1.110.1661 Easter 1661

Petition of Gabriel Burrowes of Stert, Wiltshire

Served under Major Baynton in Colonel Pauletts Regiment in Ireland and then in England until Naseby fight and continued as a Corporal in Colonel Longs Troop in Colonel Longs Regiment.

Holton's Petition

A1.110.166 Hilary 1662

Petition of Samuel Holton of Warminster Served in both England and Ireland under the command of Sir John Paulett, Colonel of the eldest Regiment of Yellowcoats in Ireland and was maymed in his right arm with a musket shot.

Paulett's clothed by Bushell

Harl. Ms 6833. f.94 Extract.

To the Right Honourable Lord Ashley (Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper)

My Lord, I lately receved a letter from Mr Thomas Bushell who earnestly desired me to certify your Lordship of his transactions at Bristoll, when myself, and divers other Colonells came from Ireland with our soldiers to assist the Kings Army in England. Mr Bushell did then cloathe my whole Regiment and the Regiment of Sir Charles Vavasour soe much I can certifie upon oath, if your Lordship requires it, and ye rest of ye Regiments under the command of my Lord Inchiquin and others.

Sir John Paulett 4.12.1664

Strength

  • 1642: 1000 men
  • May 1642: 460 men arrive at Kinsale (could be part or all of regiment)
  • October 1644: 4 or 500 men

See Also

1) An English army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press
2) from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642
3) Original research by Victor Judge aka '1642'
4) , 5) , 6) , 7) , 8) , 9) , 10) , 11) , 12) E.150.16
13) SP17.H7 f.28 no date
14) E.128.29
15) E.121.8
16) Grosart (ed) The Lismore Papers 2nd series vol 5 (1888) p105