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royalist:foot-regiments:kings-guards [08/12/2013 21:21]
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royalist:foot-regiments:kings-guards [13/09/2019 14:59] (current)
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 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 +The regiment'​s history is discussed in Firth, C. H. (1898), [[http://​archive.org/​stream/​transactions17royauoft#​page/​67/​mode/​1up|Royalist and Cromwellian Armies in Flanders, 1657-1662]],​ Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, pp. 67–119
 +
 Charles II began to raise an army in Flanders in 1656, having signed a treaty to ally with Spain against France and Cromwellian England. His foot guards were initially raised by Henry Wilmot, now the Earl of Rochester, who had won the Battle of Roundway Down in 1643 and helped Charles escape England after the Battle of Worcester in 1651. The early years of the regiment are still somewhat mysterious. In 1657 Lord Wentworth was raising a regiment of Guards as well, but by the end of 1657 or early 1658 the regiments appear to have been merged. In March 1658 Wilmot died of a fever at Sluys and Wentworth was now clearly in command of the regiment. In July the regiment fought at the Battle of the Dunes as part of Blagges'​ brigade, but the opposing French and English Protectorate forces were victorious. The Guards fought stoutly but were at last surrounded and forced to surrender. Many returned to Charles through the laxity of their French captors. ​ Charles II began to raise an army in Flanders in 1656, having signed a treaty to ally with Spain against France and Cromwellian England. His foot guards were initially raised by Henry Wilmot, now the Earl of Rochester, who had won the Battle of Roundway Down in 1643 and helped Charles escape England after the Battle of Worcester in 1651. The early years of the regiment are still somewhat mysterious. In 1657 Lord Wentworth was raising a regiment of Guards as well, but by the end of 1657 or early 1658 the regiments appear to have been merged. In March 1658 Wilmot died of a fever at Sluys and Wentworth was now clearly in command of the regiment. In July the regiment fought at the Battle of the Dunes as part of Blagges'​ brigade, but the opposing French and English Protectorate forces were victorious. The Guards fought stoutly but were at last surrounded and forced to surrender. Many returned to Charles through the laxity of their French captors. ​
  
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 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​henry-lord-wilmot|Henry Wilmot]] [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​henry-lord-wilmot|Henry Wilmot]]
 ====Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth==== ====Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth====
-[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Thomas_Wentworth,​_5th_Baron_Wentworth|Lord Wentworth]]+[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Thomas_Wentworth,​_5th_Baron_Wentworth|Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth]] son of the Earl of Cleveland, he previously commanded [[royalist:​dragoon-regiments:​lord-wentworth|Lord Wentworth’s Regiment of Dragoons]] and [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​prince-of-wales|The Prince of Wales’ Regiment of Horse]] in the Oxford Army during the First Civil War. 
 ====Lt Col Thomas Blagge=== ====Lt Col Thomas Blagge===
 Colonel of [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​thomas-blagge|Blagge'​s]] Regiment of Foot in the First Civil War. Colonel of [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​thomas-blagge|Blagge'​s]] Regiment of Foot in the First Civil War.
 +
 +==Earl of Rochester'​s Rgt==
 +(4) Harl.Mss.6804 f.16 A list of the Officers of the Earl of Rochesters Regiment
 +
 +Colonel Christopher Grosse. A Captain to Sir Beville Grenville in the beginning of the rebellion. Major to a Tertia under Prince Maurice under Lord Goring and Major General under Sir Thomas Basset.
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *April 1657: Estimated at 300 men by English news-sheets   *April 1657: Estimated at 300 men by English news-sheets