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royalist:foot-regiments:kings-guards [08/12/2013 18:12]
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royalist:foot-regiments:kings-guards [13/09/2019 14:59] (current)
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 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-**Known as The King’s Own Regiment of Guards, or the Royal Regiment of Guards**+**Known as the Royal Regiment of Guards, or Wentworth'​s ​Regiment of Guards**
  
 //Guard raised for Charles II in exile, they fought at the Battle of the Dunes and went on to form the Grenadier Guards// //Guard raised for Charles II in exile, they fought at the Battle of the Dunes and went on to form the Grenadier Guards//
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 ====1656==== ====1656====
-  *Raised in Flanders from English Royalists as the King’s Own Regiment of Guards by Henry Wilmot, Earl of Rochester+  *Raised in Bruges, ​Flanders from English Royalists as the King’s Own Regiment of Guards by Henry Wilmot, Earl of Rochester
    
 ====1657==== ====1657====
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 ====1660==== ====1660====
-  *Garrison of Dunkirk+  *August: Wentworth confirmed Colonel ​
  
 ====1661==== ====1661====
-  *Garrison ​of Dunkirk+  *March: ​Garrison Dunkirk 
 +  *March to October: Reorganised
  
 ====1662==== ====1662====
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 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
-Charles II began to raise an army in Flanders in 1656having signed a treaty to ally with Spain against France and Cromwellian EnglandHis foot guards were initially raised by Henry Wilmotnow the Earl of Rochester, who had won the Battle of Roundway Down in 1643 and helped Charles escape England after the Battle of Worcester ​in 1651. The early years of the regiment are still somewhat mysterious. In 1657 Lord Wentworth was raising a regiment of Guards as wellbut by the end of 1657 or early 1658 the regiments appear to have been merged. In March 1658 Wilmot died of a fever at Sluys and Wentworth was now clearly in command of the regiment. In July the regiment fought at the Battle of the Dunes as part of Blagges'​ brigadebut the opposing French and English Protectorate forces were victorious+The regiment'​s history is discussed ​in FirthC. H(1898)[[http://​archive.org/​stream/​transactions17royauoft#​page/​67/​mode/​1up|Royalist ​and Cromwellian Armies ​in Flanders, ​1657-1662]]Transactions ​of the Royal Historical Societypp67–119
  
-At the Restoration the Guards remained in Flanders. Meanwhile another regiment of foot guards was raised in England by John Russell in November 1660. Wentworth’s guards formed part of the garrison of Dunkirk until 1662 when they returned to England. In 1665 Wentworth’s and Russell’s regiments of guards were merged into the King’s Regiment of Foot Guards. The regiment still exists today as the senior infantry regiment of the British Army, the [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Grenadier_Guards|Grenadier Guards]], having earned 79 Battle Honours in their long and illustrious history. ​+Charles II began to raise an army in Flanders in 1656, having signed a treaty to ally with Spain against France and Cromwellian England. His foot guards were initially raised by Henry Wilmot, now the Earl of Rochester, who had won the Battle of Roundway Down in 1643 and helped Charles escape England after the Battle of Worcester in 1651. The early years of the regiment are still somewhat mysterious. In 1657 Lord Wentworth was raising a regiment of Guards as well, but by the end of 1657 or early 1658 the regiments appear to have been merged. In March 1658 Wilmot died of a fever at Sluys and Wentworth was now clearly in command of the regiment. In July the regiment fought at the Battle of the Dunes as part of Blagges'​ brigade, but the opposing French and English Protectorate forces were victorious. The Guards fought stoutly but were at last surrounded and forced to surrender. Many returned to Charles through the laxity of their French captors.  
 + 
 +At the Restoration the Guards remained in Flanders, in March 1661, numbering about 100 men, the regiment entered the garrison of Dunkirk, then was recruited up to 1200 men. Meanwhile another regiment of foot guards was raised in England by John Russell in November 1660. Wentworth’s guards formed part of the garrison of Dunkirk until 1662 when they returned to England. In 1665 Wentworth’s and Russell’s regiments of guards were merged into the King’s Regiment of Foot Guards. They were known as the First Regiment of Foot Guards until renamed by Royal proclamation in 1815 in honour of their defeat of the Grenadiers of the French Imperial Guard at Waterloo. The regiment still exists today as the senior infantry regiment of the British Army, the [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Grenadier_Guards|Grenadier Guards]], having earned 79 Battle Honours in their long and illustrious history. ​
  
 =====Flags and Equipment===== =====Flags and Equipment=====
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 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​henry-lord-wilmot|Henry Wilmot]] [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​henry-lord-wilmot|Henry Wilmot]]
 ====Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth==== ====Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth====
-[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Thomas_Wentworth,​_5th_Baron_Wentworth|Lord Wentworth]]+[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Thomas_Wentworth,​_5th_Baron_Wentworth|Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth]] son of the Earl of Cleveland, he previously commanded [[royalist:​dragoon-regiments:​lord-wentworth|Lord Wentworth’s Regiment of Dragoons]] and [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​prince-of-wales|The Prince of Wales’ Regiment of Horse]] in the Oxford Army during the First Civil War.  
 +====Lt Col Thomas Blagge=== 
 +Colonel of [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​thomas-blagge|Blagge'​s]] Regiment of Foot in the First Civil War. 
 + 
 +==Earl of Rochester'​s Rgt== 
 +(4) Harl.Mss.6804 f.16 A list of the Officers of the Earl of Rochesters Regiment 
 + 
 +Colonel Christopher Grosse. A Captain to Sir Beville Grenville in the beginning of the rebellion. Major to a Tertia under Prince Maurice under Lord Goring and Major General under Sir Thomas Basset.
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  *April 1657: Estimated at 300 men by English news-sheets
 +  *March 1661: 100 men
 +  *1662: 12 companies of 100 men each
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
   *[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Lord_Wentworth%27s_Regiment|Wikipedia:​ Lord Wentworth’s Regiment]]   *[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Lord_Wentworth%27s_Regiment|Wikipedia:​ Lord Wentworth’s Regiment]]
-  *[[http://​britisharmylineages.blogspot.co.uk/​2010/​01/​origins-of-grenadier-guards-1656-1665.html|British Army Lineages: Origins of the Grenadier ​Guiards]]+  *[[http://​britisharmylineages.blogspot.co.uk/​2010/​01/​origins-of-grenadier-guards-1656-1665.html|British Army Lineages: Origins of the Grenadier ​Guards]]