Colonel John Talbot’s (Irish) Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 1 1)
Flag Illustration 22)
Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelJohn Talbot
Sir Gilbert Talbot
Area RaisedIreland
Coat ColourYellow
Flag ColourWhite
Flag DesignBlack Talbot Hound
Field ArmiesHopton 1644
Oxford 1644
Garrison 1645

Later Sir Gilbert Talbot’s Regiment of Foot

Royalist regiment of foot recruited in Ireland and serving with Hopton and the Oxford Army

Service History

1643

  • Colonel John Talbot commissioned

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury

1645

  • Garrison of Tiverton Castle
  • October: Besieged at Tiverton Castle

Notes

The regiment was probably formed from troops released by the Cessation in Ireland, and probably commanded by Colonel John, then Sir Gilbert. Alternatively the brothers may have commanded separate regiments. There is a rather mysterious Sharrington Talbot who might also have been Colonel. Not to be confused with the regiment of a different Colonel John Talbot, that was raised in Yorkshire and served at Helmsley Castle.

Coats and Flags

Yellow coats and six white flags with ‘Talbot Hound’ devices (Illustration 1), according to Symonds. The devices are not clearly drawn so could indicate another heraldic animal, but a Talbot hound is the obvious candidate. Symonds also shows three yellow flags for Talbot's regiment with no devices noted (Illustration 2). They might be from another small regiment brigaded with Talbot's 3).

Notable Officers

Col John Talbot

Sir Gilbert Talbot

Brother of John, hitherto Royalist ambassador to Venice.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Sir Gilbert Talbot
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Sargeant Major Cosimo Manuche (ex Bampfield's)
  • Sargeant Major George Sadler (1) E.306.1 Sgnt. Maj. to Col. Talbot of Horse ?
  • Sargeant Major Wilks
  • Sargeant Major Pain
  • Captain Edward Kemp
  • Captain Richard Mattock
  • Captain Richard Phillips
  • Captain William Sturgion
  • Captain Markas Whitby
  • Captain William Whitby
  • Lieutenant Eveley
  • Lieutenant John Hawks
  • Lieutenant Francis Manouche
  • Lieutenant Thomas Sadler
  • Lieutenant Thomas Sibley
  • Lieutenant Hannibal Westcoat
  • Lieutenant Thomas Whitby
  • Ensign Davis
  • Ensign Kerry
  • Ensign John Martine
  • Ensign Pollard
  • Ensign Francis Skidmoore
  • Ensign Francis Wilks

ALL E.307.5

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Sir Gilbert Talbot's papers

Harl. Mss. 6859 Sir Gilbert Talbots papers

Sir Gilbert Talbot was Charles I's Ambassador to Venice and negotiated for military assistance in support of the Royalist cause. Unfortunately, the offer of the Venetians was overlooked and upon his return into England at the Court at Oxford, he asked why their offer had not been responded to. The King was unaware of any offer and Talbot requested Secretary Edward Nicholas to check through his despatches. To the King and Secretary Nicholas' horror the despatch was found by Nicholas, who said that it must have arrived and been filed without being read during a time of upheaval.

'Having sent away the proposals, I returned to England and coming into the West was by the command of the Prince of Wales (now his Majesty) made a Governor of Tiverton, which command upon the march of General Fairfax into the West was abandoned by the former Governor, Colonel Amias Pollard. The place not long after, being assaulted by General Major Massey, who was happily repulsed and then beseiged by General Fairfax, and every hour in danger to be lost. For my horse were mutinous, and I had but 200 foot in garrison, and some of my chief officers unfaithful, and the enemy without 22,000 strong therefore apprehending the worst, I burned all my papers and among the rest my cypher with Sir Sackville Crow. I was soon after stormed, and (a main post being betrayed by Major Sadler) taken, and sent away prisoner to Lime and thence to Weymouth where obtaining my liberty upon exchange I went to the King at Oxford.'

Taking of Tiverton

Parliament's version of taking of Tiverton from Portland Mss. Vol. 1

Sir John Bampfylde, Sir Samuel Rolls, Francis Buller, and Anthony Nicoll to William Lenthall.

1645, October 20. Tiverton.

We came to the armie at Beaminster and from thence advanced with them to Chard the next day, where they remained some dayes in expectation of the recruites and mony for the armie and of monie for Majour-Generall Masseyes partie. Wee advanced thence to Hunnington (Honiton) from whence before our advance the enemie retreated neere Exon till which time they plundered all the countrie of cattle. From Hunnington wee advanced to Collumton on Thurseday, on which day, Majour-Generall Massey's partie came before Tiverton castle and summoned it, but received a refusall of obeying. Our noble Generall having notice of it, come on Friday with a parte of his armie hither, the residew hee sent to Bradnidge.

Yesterday about two of the clocke after-noone, some batteries being made and all thinges being reddie for stoiming for which the souldiers with much cheerefullnesse prepared themselves, the Generall for the sparing of blood, with the advice of the counceil of warre, resolved to sende them a second summons, which was written and signed and parties drawne out, who were reddie with their scalinge ladders to storme, if a deniall were returned, but at that instant it pleased God so to derecte one shott that it cut the chaine of theire draw-bridge which instantly fell downe, and the souldiers spirrits were such, that they presently without ordre given, entred theire workes. The enemies heartes failed, and we became suddenly masters of the church, and castle, and theire strong and reguler workes in which they confided.

Wee tooke the governour, Sir Gilbert Tawbott, and two hundred and four officers and souldiers of which you have heere enclosed a list, four greate gunnes, thirty barrells of powder, with other armes which cannot bee particularized, they being dispersed. Wee loste not a man in the storming, nor put any to the sword.

Wee saw so much resolucion in all the souldiers that wee cannot but make it our request that mony may bee speeded to them, without which, it is much doubted how they will bee supplied, the countrie where they advance not having in theire quarters wherewith to supply them. But if money bee wanting to pay in the market which is appointed to follow the armie with provisions from our reare, the market will faile.

Majour-Generall Masseyes men have not mony to shoe theire horses. Goring retreated to Chidleigh. What hee intends wee know not. Our industrious and vigilant Generall pittying the condicion of the contrie, who crie for his assistance and intending nothing more then the speeding of the worke, and the active Miajour Massey resolve this day to advance in one body towerd Goring who is strong and wee can not devide the armie, unlesse Leiutenant-Generall Croumwell come up with his parrio[tercio?], with which its hoped they may devide and the more speedily finish the worke in the west, without which the whole armie must follow Goring or runne a great hazard, the Prince, Hopton, and Greenvill being entred Devon with four thousand foote and fifteen hundred horse as wee are informed.”

Signed. Seal. [N. IV., 131.]

Talbot taken?

E.309.22 The Kindomes weekly Post 17th November 1645

We also understand that Sir Gilbert Talbot Governor lately of Tiverton, and his Major among divers others were taken prisoners as they were making merry at a Gentlemans house in the West, they were taken prisoner by 3 Troopes of the Parliament forces.

Major Sadler

E.311.17 The Kingdomes scout 2-9.12.1645

'…we had a renegado Major of theirs taken at Tiverton, Major Sadler was lately tryed by a Councell of Warre at the Generalls Quarters, and justly condemned for his treachery, and shot to death by four musketiers, the first shot him in the belly, the second at his very heart, and so he fell; a just reward for such false villains.'

However E.311.20 The moderate intelligencer 4-11.12.1645 states he was shot by the Royalists 'One Major Sadler, who was by our Forces taken in Tiverton, and condemned by a Councel of War for revolting from the Parliament, having made an escape from Taunton to Exeter, was there shot to death, Friday the 18th past, for corresponding with us in some consultations about the delivery of Tiverton.'

It is possible that Major Sadler was formerly a Captain in Edward Ludlows Regiment of Horse

Strength

  • March 1644: 9 companies at Cheriton
  • October 1645: 200 surrender at Tiverton Castle

See Also

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
3) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846