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royalist:foot-regiments:john-arundell [02/10/2017 22:04]
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royalist:foot-regiments:john-arundell [02/10/2017 22:48] (current)
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   *Garrison of Pendennis Castle   *Garrison of Pendennis Castle
 ====1646==== ====1646====
 +  *March: Detachment under Major Bonython surrender St Mawes Castle to Fairfax
   *March-August:​ Besieged in Pendennis Castle   *March-August:​ Besieged in Pendennis Castle
  
 ===== Notes ===== ===== Notes =====
- +The regiment appears to have originally been one of the Cornish Trained Bands of Foot. They served as the garrison of Pendennis Castle, ​with a detachment at St Mawes Castle. On 12th March 1646 Fairfax summoned St Mawes, which immediately surrendered,​ with 160 arms and 12 or 13 cannon. Pendennis Castle was then besieged by the New Model Army from 18th March to 17th August 1646, surrendering to [[new-model-army:​foot-regiments:​richard-fortescue|Colonel Richard Fortescue]],​ supported by a naval squadron under Batten. The surviving garrison of 886 men and 95 guns included the remnants of many West Country Royalist regiments.
-The regiment appears to have originally been one of the Cornish Trained Bands of Foot. They may have been involved in Lord Goring'​s siege of Taunton in 1645, but three of Sir John's sons also served as Royalist colonels so this is uncertain. They served as the garrison of Pendennis Castle, and were besieged ​there by the New Model Army from 18th March to 17th August 1646, surrendering to [[new-model-army:​foot-regiments:​richard-fortescue|Colonel Richard Fortescue]],​ supported by a naval squadron under Batten. The surviving garrison of 886 men and 95 guns included the remnants of many West Country Royalist regiments.+
  
 ===== Notable Officers ===== ===== Notable Officers =====
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 Sir [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Arundell_(born_1576)|John Arundell]] (1576 to 1656?) was an ardent Royalist nicknamed "Jack for the King". He had served as an MP for Cornwall, though not in the Long Parliament. Governor of Pendennis Castle from around 1643, his was one of the last English Royalist strongholds to capitulate at the end of the First Civil War.  Sir [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Arundell_(born_1576)|John Arundell]] (1576 to 1656?) was an ardent Royalist nicknamed "Jack for the King". He had served as an MP for Cornwall, though not in the Long Parliament. Governor of Pendennis Castle from around 1643, his was one of the last English Royalist strongholds to capitulate at the end of the First Civil War. 
  
-On being summoned to surrender by Sir Thomas Fairfax he replied //"I resolve that I will here bury myself before I deliver up this castle to such as fight against His Majesty, and that nothing you can threaten is formidable to me in respect of the loss of loyalty and conscience." ​ +On being summoned to surrender by Sir Thomas Fairfax he replied //"I resolve that I will here bury myself before I deliver up this castle to such as fight against His Majesty, and that nothing you can threaten is formidable to me in respect of the loss of loyalty and conscience."//​ Enduring a five-month [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle|siege]],​ he was forced to surrender on 17th August 1646 due to starvation of the garrison, having been dissuaded from his plan of exploding the castle'​s gunpowder store rather than yield.
-// Enduring a five-month [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle|siege]],​ he was forced to surrender on 17th August 1646 due to starvation of the garrison, having been dissuaded from his plan of exploding the castle'​s gunpowder store rather than yield.+
  
 He is not to be confused with his son Colonel John Arundell who led a regiment of horse and was killed before Plymouth in 1644. As well as the unfortunate John Arundell, two more of Sir John's sons, William and Richard fought as Royalist Colonels in the First Civil War, they took over [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​john-trevannion|Colonel John Trevannion’s Regiment of Foot]] after Trevannion was killed at Bristol. ​ He is not to be confused with his son Colonel John Arundell who led a regiment of horse and was killed before Plymouth in 1644. As well as the unfortunate John Arundell, two more of Sir John's sons, William and Richard fought as Royalist Colonels in the First Civil War, they took over [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​john-trevannion|Colonel John Trevannion’s Regiment of Foot]] after Trevannion was killed at Bristol. ​
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 ====Officer Lists==== ====Officer Lists====
  
-Colonel Sir John Arundells Regiment of Foot((From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642}}+Colonel Sir John Arundells Regiment of Foot ((From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642))
  
   *Colonel Sir John Arundell   *Colonel Sir John Arundell
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   *Ensign Richard Sands I.O. Cornwall   *Ensign Richard Sands I.O. Cornwall
   *Ensign Matthew Treglawne I.O. Cornwall   *Ensign Matthew Treglawne I.O. Cornwall
- 
-A list of the regiment'​s officers is also shown in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press). ​ 
-1961.  
  
 =====Contemporary References===== =====Contemporary References=====
  
-==Grenville to Prince of Wales===+===Grenville to Prince of Wales=== 
 Sir Richard Grenville to the Prince of Wales. Sept. 16. 1645 Sir Richard Grenville to the Prince of Wales. Sept. 16. 1645
 Has Truro, a suspicion that St. Ives had invited the rebels to come by sea, against which he has taken precautions by placing a garrison there, disarming the townsmen, and causing three ringleaders to be executed at St. Ives, Helston, and Truro respectively,​ as the three most rotten towns in the West. Encloses depositions touching the treason of Major Hannibal Bonithon, Governor of the Castle of St. Mawes. i. Bodmin, Nov. 22, 1643. Informations of several soldiers of the garrison of St. Mawes, touching the same charges against the Governor. Copies. ii. Truro, Jan. n, 164!. Articles exhibited at the Gene- ral Sessions of the Peace, charging Major Bonithon. with smuggling tobacco, embezzling the soldiers'​ pay, and disaffection to the King's cause. Copy. iii. [No date.] Articles of the above and other charges against Bonithon. iv. Sept. 15, 1645. Depositions of witnesses to prove the preceding Articles. Copies. See Hist. Eabell. bk. ix. p. 565.  Has Truro, a suspicion that St. Ives had invited the rebels to come by sea, against which he has taken precautions by placing a garrison there, disarming the townsmen, and causing three ringleaders to be executed at St. Ives, Helston, and Truro respectively,​ as the three most rotten towns in the West. Encloses depositions touching the treason of Major Hannibal Bonithon, Governor of the Castle of St. Mawes. i. Bodmin, Nov. 22, 1643. Informations of several soldiers of the garrison of St. Mawes, touching the same charges against the Governor. Copies. ii. Truro, Jan. n, 164!. Articles exhibited at the Gene- ral Sessions of the Peace, charging Major Bonithon. with smuggling tobacco, embezzling the soldiers'​ pay, and disaffection to the King's cause. Copy. iii. [No date.] Articles of the above and other charges against Bonithon. iv. Sept. 15, 1645. Depositions of witnesses to prove the preceding Articles. Copies. See Hist. Eabell. bk. ix. p. 565. 
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 Susanna the Daughter of Captain Han. Bonython and Hannah his Wife was baptized. 19.2.1642/​3. Susanna the Daughter of Captain Han. Bonython and Hannah his Wife was baptized. 19.2.1642/​3.
 Captain William Cooper was buried the last of January 1645/6. Captain William Cooper was buried the last of January 1645/6.
 +
  
 ===(2) SP23.206.820=== ===(2) SP23.206.820===
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   *Capt. Pendarves ​   *Capt. Pendarves ​
     *Glewyas parish 16 men      *Glewyas parish 16 men 
-    *Mylor 32 men   +    *Mylor 32 men 
-                  +
   *Capt. Bonython ​     *Capt. Bonython ​  
-    *Perran 23 men  +    *Perran 23 men 
-    *Gwennappe 42 men +    *Gwennappe 42 men
     *Stytheans 30 men (Stithians)     *Stytheans 30 men (Stithians)
  
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     *Mabe 21 men  ​     *Mabe 21 men  ​
     *Mawnan 22 men      *Mawnan 22 men 
- 
  
 ===(3) SP46.95.138=== ===(3) SP46.95.138===