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royalist:foot-regiments:john-arundell [28/09/2017 12:14]
1642
royalist:foot-regiments:john-arundell [02/10/2017 22:48] (current)
tim
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-====== Sir John Arundell'​s Regiment of Foot ======+====== Sir John Arundell'​s ​Cornish Trained Band Regiment of Foot ======
  
 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|unknown ​to 1646|+|**Active**|to 1646|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
 |**Allegiance**|Royalist| |**Allegiance**|Royalist|
Line 18: Line 18:
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
  
 +====1644====
 +  *Garrison of Pendennis Castle
 +====1645====
 +  *Garrison of Pendennis Castle
 ====1646==== ====1646====
 +  *March: Detachment under Major Bonython surrender St Mawes Castle to Fairfax
   *March-August:​ Besieged in Pendennis Castle   *March-August:​ Besieged in Pendennis Castle
  
 ===== Notes ===== ===== Notes =====
- +The regiment ​appears to have originally ​been one of the Cornish Trained Bands of Foot. They served as the garrison of Pendennis Castle, ​with a detachment at St Mawes Castle. On 12th March 1646 Fairfax summoned St Mawes, which immediately surrendered,​ with 160 arms and 12 or 13 cannon. Pendennis Castle was then besieged by the New Model Army from 18th March to 17th August 1646, surrendering to [[new-model-army:​foot-regiments:​richard-fortescue|Colonel Richard Fortescue]],​ supported by a naval squadron under Batten. The surviving garrison of 886 men and 95 guns included the remnants of many West Country Royalist ​regiments.
-The regiment's officers were entirely Cornish, and although little is known of this unit's history it has been proposed that they were originally ​one of the Cornish Trained Bands of Foot((//​Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army//, Stuart Reid, 1988 (2nd Impression). Partizan Press. ​ ISBN 0 946525 12 9)). They may have been involved in Lord Goring'​s siege of Taunton in 1645, but three of Sir John's sons also served as Royalist colonels so this is uncertain, and indeed the regiment might have been commanded by one or more of Sir John's sons at various times. They served as the garrison of Pendennis Castle, and were besieged ​there by the New Model Army from 18th March to 17th August 1646, surrendering to [[new-model-army:​foot-regiments:​richard-fortescue|Colonel Richard Fortescue]],​ supported by a naval squadron under Batten. The surviving garrison of 886 men and 95 guns included the remnants of many of Lord Goring'​s foot regiments. +
  
 ===== Notable Officers ===== ===== Notable Officers =====
- 
-A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press). ​ 
  
 ====Sir John Arundell==== ====Sir John Arundell====
 Sir [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Arundell_(born_1576)|John Arundell]] (1576 to 1656?) was an ardent Royalist nicknamed "Jack for the King". He had served as an MP for Cornwall, though not in the Long Parliament. Governor of Pendennis Castle from around 1643, his was one of the last English Royalist strongholds to capitulate at the end of the First Civil War.  Sir [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Arundell_(born_1576)|John Arundell]] (1576 to 1656?) was an ardent Royalist nicknamed "Jack for the King". He had served as an MP for Cornwall, though not in the Long Parliament. Governor of Pendennis Castle from around 1643, his was one of the last English Royalist strongholds to capitulate at the end of the First Civil War. 
  
-On being summoned to surrender by Sir Thomas Fairfax he replied //"I resolve that I will here bury myself before I deliver up this castle to such as fight against His Majesty, and that nothing you can threaten is formidable to me in respect of the loss of loyalty and conscience." ​ +On being summoned to surrender by Sir Thomas Fairfax he replied //"I resolve that I will here bury myself before I deliver up this castle to such as fight against His Majesty, and that nothing you can threaten is formidable to me in respect of the loss of loyalty and conscience."//​ Enduring a five-month [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle|siege]],​ he was forced to surrender on 17th August 1646 due to starvation of the garrison, having been dissuaded from his plan of exploding the castle'​s gunpowder store rather than yield.
-// Enduring a five-month [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle|siege]],​ he was forced to surrender on 17th August 1646 due to starvation of the garrison, having been dissuaded from his plan of exploding the castle'​s gunpowder store rather than yield.+
  
-He is not to be confused with his son Colonel John Arundell who led a regiment of horse and was killed before Plymouth in 1644. As well as the unfortunate John Arundell, two more of Sir John's sons fought as Royalist Colonels in the First Civil War War, [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​richard-arundell|Colonel ​Richard Arundell]] and [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​william-arundell|Colonel William Arundell]]. +He is not to be confused with his son Colonel John Arundell who led a regiment of horse and was killed before Plymouth in 1644. As well as the unfortunate John Arundell, two more of Sir John's sons, William and Richard ​fought as Royalist Colonels in the First Civil War, they took over [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​john-trevannion|Colonel ​John Trevannion’s Regiment of Foot]] after Trevannion was killed at Bristol
  
-Colonel John Arundells Regiment of Foot+====Officer Lists====
  
 +Colonel Sir John Arundells Regiment of Foot ((From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642))
  
 +  *Colonel Sir John Arundell
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Robinson Ment. I.O.
 +  *Sargeant Major Hannibal Bonython
 +  *Captain Richard Blewitt (2) + I.O. Cornwall
 +  *Captain Hannibal Bonython (1) + (2)
 +  *Captain Carnsewe (2)
 +  *Captain George Collings I.O. Cornwall
 +  *Captain William Cooper (1)
 +  *Captain Peter Courtenay I.O. Cornwall
 +  *Captain Reskemer Courtenay I.O. Cornwall (Reskymer and Peter Courtnay were brothers from Landrake, Cornwall.)
 +  *Captain George Kempson I.O. Cornwall
 +  *Captain William Pendarves (2)
 +  *Captain John Tresahar (3) John Treshar/​Tresahar was of Trevethan Cornwall, listed as Captain Tresaer at surrender in Pendennis((E.353.4 ​ )). 
 +  *Captain Sampson Zacherly I.O. Cornwall
  
-Lieutenant ​Colonel ​               Robinson ​        Ment. I.O.+  *Lieutenant ​John Hallamore I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Lieutenant John Hittson I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Lieutenant Joseph Jewell I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Lieutenant Richard Lyne I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Lieutenant William Nance I.O. Cornwall  
 +  *Lieutenant Thomas Simons I.O. Cornwall  
 +  *Lieutenant Francis Twiggs I.O. Cornwall  
 +  *Lieutenant Samuel Whare I.O. Cornwall ​
  
-Sargeant Major        Hannibal Bonython+  *Ensign William Bawden I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign Thomas Chegwin I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign Edward Edwards I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign William Maine I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign John Pierce I.O. Cornwall to Lt. Col. Robinson 
 +  *Ensign John Sands I.O. Cornwall  
 +  *Ensign Richard Sands I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign Matthew Treglawne I.O. Cornwall
  
-Captain ​                     Richard Blewitt ​            (2) + I.O. Cornwall  +=====Contemporary References=====
-Captain ​                     Hannibal Bonython ​     (1) + (2) +
-Captain ​                                    ​Carnsewe ​      (2) +
-Captain ​                     George Collings ​           I.O. Cornwall +
-Captain ​                     William Cooper ​            (1) +
-Captain ​                     Peter Courtenay ​           I.O. Cornwall +
-Captain ​                     Reskemer Courtenay ​   I.O. Cornwall +
-Captain ​                     George Kempson ​         I.O. Cornwall +
-Captain ​                     William Pendarves ​       (2) +
-Captain ​                     John Tresahar ​             (3)  +
-Captain ​                     Sampson Zacherly ​       I.O. Cornwall+
  
-Lieutenant ​                John Hallamore ​            I.O. Cornwall +===Grenville to Prince of Wales===
-Lieutenant ​                John Hittson ​                 I.O. Cornwall  +
-Lieutenant ​                ​Joseph Jewell ​               I.O. Cornwall +
-Lieutenant ​                ​Richard Lyne                 I.O. Cornwall +
-Lieutenant ​                ​William Nance                I.O. Cornwall  +
-Lieutenant ​                ​Thomas Simons ​           I.O. Cornwall  +
-Lieutenant ​                ​Francis Twiggs ​             I.O. Cornwall  +
-Lieutenant ​                ​Samuel Whare               I.O. Cornwall ​+
  
-Ensign ​                      ​William Bawden ​            I.O. Cornwall 
-Ensign ​                      ​Thomas Chegwin ​          I.O. Cornwall 
-Ensign ​                      ​Edward Edwards ​           I.O. Cornwall 
-Ensign ​                      ​William Maine                 I.O. Cornwall 
-Ensign ​                      John Pierce ​                    I.O. Cornwall to Lt. Col. Robinson 
-Ensign ​                      John Sands                     I.O. Cornwall ​ 
-Ensign ​                      ​Richard Sands                I.O. Cornwall 
-Ensign ​                      ​Matthew Treglawne ​       I.O. Cornwall 
- 
-1961.  
 Sir Richard Grenville to the Prince of Wales. Sept. 16. 1645 Sir Richard Grenville to the Prince of Wales. Sept. 16. 1645
 Has Truro, a suspicion that St. Ives had invited the rebels to come by sea, against which he has taken precautions by placing a garrison there, disarming the townsmen, and causing three ringleaders to be executed at St. Ives, Helston, and Truro respectively,​ as the three most rotten towns in the West. Encloses depositions touching the treason of Major Hannibal Bonithon, Governor of the Castle of St. Mawes. i. Bodmin, Nov. 22, 1643. Informations of several soldiers of the garrison of St. Mawes, touching the same charges against the Governor. Copies. ii. Truro, Jan. n, 164!. Articles exhibited at the Gene- ral Sessions of the Peace, charging Major Bonithon. with smuggling tobacco, embezzling the soldiers'​ pay, and disaffection to the King's cause. Copy. iii. [No date.] Articles of the above and other charges against Bonithon. iv. Sept. 15, 1645. Depositions of witnesses to prove the preceding Articles. Copies. See Hist. Eabell. bk. ix. p. 565.  Has Truro, a suspicion that St. Ives had invited the rebels to come by sea, against which he has taken precautions by placing a garrison there, disarming the townsmen, and causing three ringleaders to be executed at St. Ives, Helston, and Truro respectively,​ as the three most rotten towns in the West. Encloses depositions touching the treason of Major Hannibal Bonithon, Governor of the Castle of St. Mawes. i. Bodmin, Nov. 22, 1643. Informations of several soldiers of the garrison of St. Mawes, touching the same charges against the Governor. Copies. ii. Truro, Jan. n, 164!. Articles exhibited at the Gene- ral Sessions of the Peace, charging Major Bonithon. with smuggling tobacco, embezzling the soldiers'​ pay, and disaffection to the King's cause. Copy. iii. [No date.] Articles of the above and other charges against Bonithon. iv. Sept. 15, 1645. Depositions of witnesses to prove the preceding Articles. Copies. See Hist. Eabell. bk. ix. p. 565. 
 Calendar of Clarendon papers Calendar of Clarendon papers
  
-(1) Parish register St. Just in Roseland +===(1) Parish register St. Just in Roseland=== 
-Susanna the Daughter of Captain Han.Bonython and Hannah his Wife was baptized. 19.2.1642/​3.+Susanna the Daughter of Captain Han. Bonython and Hannah his Wife was baptized. 19.2.1642/​3.
 Captain William Cooper was buried the last of January 1645/6. Captain William Cooper was buried the last of January 1645/6.
  
-(2) SP23.206.820+ 
 +===(2) SP23.206.820===
 To ye Honourable Committee for Compounding with Delinquents sitting ​ att Gouldsmiths Hall To ye Honourable Committee for Compounding with Delinquents sitting ​ att Gouldsmiths Hall
 The humble petition of William Pendarves The humble petition of William Pendarves
-Sheweth that your petitioner was Captayne of the Trayned Band in the County of Cornwall belonging to ye Castle of Pendennis in which he continued for the space of six months,and about a twelve month since did lay down armes and hath quietly lived at his house and bin conformable to all orders and Ordnances of Parliament.+Sheweth that your petitioner was Captayne of the Trayned Band in the County of Cornwall belonging to ye Castle of Pendennis in which he continued for the space of six months, and about a twelve month since did lay down armes and hath quietly lived at his house and bin conformable to all orders and Ordnances of Parliament.
 Wherefore he humbly prayeth hee may be admitted to a favorable composition with consideration to his estate which hee shall give in under his hand. Wherefore he humbly prayeth hee may be admitted to a favorable composition with consideration to his estate which hee shall give in under his hand.
 And hee shall pray etc. And hee shall pray etc.
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 Rec'd 15 January 1646/7 Rec'd 15 January 1646/7
  
-Cornwall Record Office +===Cornwall Record Office DDT.1617=== 
-DDT.1617 +Proportions of victualls to be brought in to his majesties forte of Pendennis by the regiment assigned for the quarter thereof ​ - for three monthes. the warrants sente the 18th of November 1644
-Proportions of victualls to be brought in to his majesties forte of Pendennis by the regiment assigned for the quarter thereof ​ - for three monthes.the warrants sente the 18th of November 1644 +
- +
-                                                                                   ​Bread ​  7700 weight +
-                                                                                   ​Beefe ​   4944 weight +
-                                    { Penryn towne   103 men   +
-                                                                                    Butter ​  1854 weight  +
-                                                                                    Pease        24 bushells ​  +
- +
-Capt. Pendarves  +
-                                     +
-                                                                                    Bread   1200 weight +
-                                                                                    Butter ​    288 weight +
-                                   { Glewyas parish ​  16 men  +
-                                                                                    Beefe       750 weight  +
-                                                                                    Pease           3 bushells  +
- +
- +
- +
-                                Mylor                  32 men                     +
-Capt. Bonython ​  ​Perran ​               23 men  +
-                                Gwennappe ​     42 men  +
-                                Stytheans *       30 men +
- +
- +
- +
-Capt. Carnsewe"​ Gwendron ​  ​^ ​  71 men +
-                                Constenton +   67 men +
- +
- +
- +
- +
- +
-                                                                                   ​Breade 5300 weight +
-                                                                                   ​Beefe ​   3490 weight ​  +
-                                  Budocke 72 men           +
-                                                                                   ​Butter ​  1300 weight ​  +
-                                                                                   ​Pease ​       16 bushells  +
- +
-                                                                                   ​Breade ​ 1580 weight +
-                                                                                   ​Beefe ​    1000 weight+
  
-Capt. Blewett ​          ​Mabe ​      21 men   +(the original also shows quantities of bread, butter, beef and pease ordered)
-                                                                                   ​Butter ​     380 weight  +
-                                                                                   ​Pease ​          5 bushells+
  
-                                                                                   ​Breade ​  ​1660 weight +  ​*Penryn towne 103 men  ​
-                                                                                   ​Beefe ​     1060 weight +
-                                 ​Mawnan ​  ​22 ​men  +
-                                                                                   ​Butter ​      400 weight +
-                                                                                   ​Pease ​           5 bushells +
-     +
- ​* ​ Stithians +
- now called Wendron +
-+ Constantine +
-" Either Francis or Matthew Carnsewe of Bockeley,​Cornwall.+
  
-(3) SP46.95.138 +  *CaptPendarves ​ 
-Received at his Majesties Fort at Pendennis out of the “Gift of God of Topsham” +    ​*Glewyas parish 16 men  
-Richard Shakerly,​Master,​the Second of January 1643(4). +    ​*Mylor 32 men
-5 Pieces of ordnance with 4 carriages +
-4 half barrels of powder +
-6 muskets +
-2 harquebuses +
-2 swords +
-3 small pistols +
-3 roules of match +
-18 shot of all sorts+
  
-John Treshar.  +  *CaptBonython ​   
-E.353.4 ​ Listed as Captain Tresaer at surrender in Pendennis. ​+    ​*Perran 23 men 
 +    *Gwennappe 42 men 
 +    *Stytheans 30 men (Stithians)
  
-John Tresahar was of Trevethan,Cornwall.+  *Capt. Carnsewe (Either Francis or Matthew Carnsewe ​of Bockeley, Cornwall
 +    *Gwendron 71 men (Wendron) 
 +    *Constenton 67 men (Constantine) 
 +    *Budocke 72 men          ​
  
-Reskymer and Peter Courtnay were brothers from Landrake,​Cornwall.+  *CaptBlewett 
 +    *Mabe 21 men   
 +    *Mawnan 22 men 
  
 +===(3) SP46.95.138===
 +Received at his Majesties Fort at Pendennis out of the //Gift of God of Topsham// Richard Shakerly, Master, the Second of January 1643(4).
 +  *5 Pieces of ordnance with 4 carriages
 +  *4 half barrels of powder
 +  *6 muskets
 +  *2 harquebuses
 +  *2 swords
 +  *3 small pistols
 +  *3 roules of match
 +  *18 shot of all sorts
  
 =====See Also===== =====See Also=====
-  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​william-arundell|Colonel ​William Arundell’s Regiment of Foot]] +  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​john-trevannion|Colonel ​John Trevannion’s Regiment of Foot]]
-  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​richard-arundell|Colonel Richard Arundell’s Regiment of Foot]]+
   *[[royalist:​horse-regiments:​john-arundell|Colonel John Arundell’s Regiment of Horse]]   *[[royalist:​horse-regiments:​john-arundell|Colonel John Arundell’s Regiment of Horse]]
 =====Links===== =====Links=====
   *http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle   *http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle