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royalist:foot-regiments:john-arundell [05/04/2013 20:52]
127.0.0.1 external edit
royalist:foot-regiments:john-arundell [02/10/2017 22:48] (current)
tim
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-====== Sir John Arundell'​s Regiment of Foot ======+====== Sir John Arundell'​s ​Cornish Trained Band Regiment of Foot ======
  
 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|unknown ​to 1646|+|**Active**|to 1646|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
 |**Allegiance**|Royalist| |**Allegiance**|Royalist|
Line 11: Line 11:
 |**Coat Colour**|unknown|  |**Coat Colour**|unknown|
 |**Flag Colour**|unknown|  |**Flag Colour**|unknown|
-|**Flag Design**|unknown| +|**Flag Design**|unknown|  
 +|**Field Armies**|Garrison|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
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 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
  
 +====1644====
 +  *Garrison of Pendennis Castle
 +====1645====
 +  *Garrison of Pendennis Castle
 ====1646==== ====1646====
 +  *March: Detachment under Major Bonython surrender St Mawes Castle to Fairfax
   *March-August:​ Besieged in Pendennis Castle   *March-August:​ Besieged in Pendennis Castle
  
 ===== Notes ===== ===== Notes =====
- +The regiment ​appears to have originally ​been one of the Cornish Trained Bands of Foot. They served as the garrison of Pendennis Castle, ​with a detachment at St Mawes Castle. On 12th March 1646 Fairfax summoned St Mawes, which immediately surrendered,​ with 160 arms and 12 or 13 cannon. Pendennis Castle was then besieged by the New Model Army from 18th March to 17th August 1646, surrendering to [[new-model-army:​foot-regiments:​richard-fortescue|Colonel Richard Fortescue]],​ supported by a naval squadron under Batten. The surviving garrison of 886 men and 95 guns included the remnants of many West Country Royalist ​regiments.
-The regiment's officers were entirely Cornish, and although little is known of this unit's history it has been proposed that they were originally ​one of the Cornish Trained Bands of Foot((//​Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army//, Stuart Reid, 1988 (2nd Impression). Partizan Press. ​ ISBN 0 946525 12 9)). They may have been involved in Lord Goring'​s siege of Taunton in 1645, but three of Sir John's sons also served as Royalist colonels so this is uncertain, and indeed the regiment might have been commanded by one or more of Sir John's sons at various times. They served as the garrison of Pendennis Castle, and were besieged ​there by the New Model Army from 18th March to 17th August 1646, surrendering to [[new-model-army:​foot-regiments:​richard-fortescue|Colonel Richard Fortescue]],​ supported by a naval squadron under Batten. The surviving garrison of 886 men and 95 guns included the remnants of many of Lord Goring'​s foot regiments. +
  
 ===== Notable Officers ===== ===== Notable Officers =====
- 
-A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press). ​ 
  
 ====Sir John Arundell==== ====Sir John Arundell====
 Sir [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Arundell_(born_1576)|John Arundell]] (1576 to 1656?) was an ardent Royalist nicknamed "Jack for the King". He had served as an MP for Cornwall, though not in the Long Parliament. Governor of Pendennis Castle from around 1643, his was one of the last English Royalist strongholds to capitulate at the end of the First Civil War.  Sir [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Arundell_(born_1576)|John Arundell]] (1576 to 1656?) was an ardent Royalist nicknamed "Jack for the King". He had served as an MP for Cornwall, though not in the Long Parliament. Governor of Pendennis Castle from around 1643, his was one of the last English Royalist strongholds to capitulate at the end of the First Civil War. 
  
-On being summoned to surrender by Sir Thomas Fairfax he replied //"I resolve that I will here bury myself before I deliver up this castle to such as fight against His Majesty, and that nothing you can threaten is formidable to me in respect of the loss of loyalty and conscience." ​ +On being summoned to surrender by Sir Thomas Fairfax he replied //"I resolve that I will here bury myself before I deliver up this castle to such as fight against His Majesty, and that nothing you can threaten is formidable to me in respect of the loss of loyalty and conscience."//​ Enduring a five-month [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle|siege]],​ he was forced to surrender on 17th August 1646 due to starvation of the garrison, having been dissuaded from his plan of exploding the castle'​s gunpowder store rather than yield. 
-// Enduring a five-month [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle|siege]],​ he was forced to surrender on 17th August 1646 due to starvation of the garrison, having been dissuaded from his plan of exploding the castle'​s gunpowder store rather than yield.+ 
 +He is not to be confused with his son Colonel John Arundell who led a regiment of horse and was killed before Plymouth in 1644. As well as the unfortunate John Arundell, two more of Sir John's sons, William and Richard fought as Royalist Colonels in the First Civil War, they took over [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​john-trevannion|Colonel John Trevannion’s Regiment of Foot]] after Trevannion was killed at Bristol.  
 + 
 +====Officer Lists==== 
 + 
 +Colonel Sir John Arundells Regiment of Foot ((From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642)) 
 + 
 +  *Colonel Sir John Arundell 
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Robinson Ment. I.O. 
 +  *Sargeant Major Hannibal Bonython 
 +  *Captain Richard Blewitt (2) + I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Captain Hannibal Bonython (1) + (2) 
 +  *Captain Carnsewe (2) 
 +  *Captain George Collings I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Captain William Cooper (1) 
 +  *Captain Peter Courtenay I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Captain Reskemer Courtenay I.O. Cornwall (Reskymer and Peter Courtnay were brothers from Landrake, Cornwall.) 
 +  *Captain George Kempson I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Captain William Pendarves (2) 
 +  *Captain John Tresahar (3) John Treshar/​Tresahar was of Trevethan Cornwall, listed as Captain Tresaer at surrender in Pendennis((E.353.4 ​ )).  
 +  *Captain Sampson Zacherly I.O. Cornwall 
 + 
 +  *Lieutenant John Hallamore I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Lieutenant John Hittson I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Lieutenant Joseph Jewell I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Lieutenant Richard Lyne I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Lieutenant William Nance I.O. Cornwall  
 +  *Lieutenant Thomas Simons I.O. Cornwall  
 +  *Lieutenant Francis Twiggs I.O. Cornwall  
 +  *Lieutenant Samuel Whare I.O. Cornwall  
 + 
 +  *Ensign William Bawden I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign Thomas Chegwin I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign Edward Edwards I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign William Maine I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign John Pierce I.O. Cornwall to Lt. Col. Robinson 
 +  *Ensign John Sands I.O. Cornwall  
 +  *Ensign Richard Sands I.O. Cornwall 
 +  *Ensign Matthew Treglawne I.O. Cornwall 
 + 
 +=====Contemporary References===== 
 + 
 +===Grenville to Prince of Wales=== 
 + 
 +Sir Richard Grenville to the Prince of Wales. Sept. 16. 1645 
 +Has Truro, a suspicion that St. Ives had invited the rebels to come by sea, against which he has taken precautions by placing a garrison there, disarming the townsmen, and causing three ringleaders to be executed at St. Ives, Helston, and Truro respectively,​ as the three most rotten towns in the West. Encloses depositions touching the treason of Major Hannibal Bonithon, Governor of the Castle of St. Mawes. i. Bodmin, Nov. 22, 1643. Informations of several soldiers of the garrison of St. Mawes, touching the same charges against the Governor. Copies. ii. Truro, Jan. n, 164!. Articles exhibited at the Gene- ral Sessions of the Peace, charging Major Bonithon. with smuggling tobacco, embezzling the soldiers'​ pay, and disaffection to the King's cause. Copy. iii. [No date.] Articles of the above and other charges against Bonithon. iv. Sept. 15, 1645. Depositions of witnesses to prove the preceding Articles. Copies. See Hist. Eabell. bk. ix. p. 565.  
 +Calendar of Clarendon papers 
 + 
 +===(1) Parish register St. Just in Roseland=== 
 +Susanna the Daughter of Captain Han. Bonython and Hannah his Wife was baptized. 19.2.1642/​3. 
 +Captain William Cooper was buried the last of January 1645/6. 
 + 
 + 
 +===(2) SP23.206.820=== 
 +To ye Honourable Committee for Compounding with Delinquents sitting ​ att Gouldsmiths Hall 
 +The humble petition of William Pendarves 
 +Sheweth that your petitioner was Captayne of the Trayned Band in the County of Cornwall belonging to ye Castle of Pendennis in which he continued for the space of six months, and about a twelve month since did lay down armes and hath quietly lived at his house and bin conformable to all orders and Ordnances of Parliament. 
 +Wherefore he humbly prayeth hee may be admitted to a favorable composition with consideration to his estate which hee shall give in under his hand. 
 +And hee shall pray etc. 
 + 
 +William Pendarves 
 + 
 +Rec'd 15 January 1646/7 
 + 
 +===Cornwall Record Office DDT.1617=== 
 +Proportions of victualls to be brought in to his majesties forte of Pendennis by the regiment assigned for the quarter thereof ​ - for three monthes. the warrants sente the 18th of November 1644 
 + 
 +(the original also shows quantities of bread, butter, beef and pease ordered) 
 + 
 +  *Penryn towne 103 men   
 + 
 +  *Capt. Pendarves  
 +    *Glewyas parish 16 men  
 +    *Mylor 32 men 
 + 
 +  *Capt. Bonython ​   
 +    *Perran 23 men 
 +    *Gwennappe 42 men 
 +    *Stytheans 30 men (Stithians) 
 + 
 +  *Capt. Carnsewe (Either Francis or Matthew Carnsewe of Bockeley, Cornwall) 
 +    *Gwendron 71 men (Wendron) 
 +    *Constenton 67 men (Constantine) 
 +    *Budocke 72 men           
 + 
 +  *Capt. Blewett 
 +    *Mabe 21 men   
 +    *Mawnan 22 men 
  
-He is not to be confused with his son Colonel John Arundell who led a regiment ​of horse and was killed before Plymouth in 1644. As well as the unfortunate John Arundell, two more of Sir John's sons fought as Royalist Colonels in the First Civil War War, [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​richard-arundell|Colonel ​Richard ​Arundell]] and [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​william-arundell|Colonel William Arundell]]+===(3) SP46.95.138=== 
 +Received at his Majesties Fort at Pendennis out of the //​Gift ​of God of Topsham// ​Richard ​Shakerly, Master, the Second of January 1643(4). 
 +  *5 Pieces of ordnance with 4 carriages 
 +  *4 half barrels of powder 
 +  *6 muskets 
 +  *2 harquebuses 
 +  *2 swords 
 +  *3 small pistols 
 +  *3 roules of match 
 +  *18 shot of all sorts
  
 =====See Also===== =====See Also=====
-  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​william-arundell|Colonel ​William Arundell’s Regiment of Foot]] +  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​john-trevannion|Colonel ​John Trevannion’s Regiment of Foot]]
-  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​richard-arundell|Colonel Richard Arundell’s Regiment of Foot]]+
   *[[royalist:​horse-regiments:​john-arundell|Colonel John Arundell’s Regiment of Horse]]   *[[royalist:​horse-regiments:​john-arundell|Colonel John Arundell’s Regiment of Horse]]
 =====Links===== =====Links=====
   *http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle   *http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pendennis_Castle#​The_siege_of_Pendennis_Castle