Sir John Arundell's Cornish Trained Band Regiment of Foot

Activeto 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelsJohn Arundell
Area RaisedCornwall
Coat Colourunknown
Flag Colourunknown
Flag Designunknown
Field ArmiesGarrison

Service History


  • Garrison of Pendennis Castle


  • Garrison of Pendennis Castle


  • March: Detachment under Major Bonython surrender St Mawes Castle to Fairfax
  • March-August: Besieged in Pendennis Castle


The regiment appears to have originally been one of the Cornish Trained Bands of Foot. They served as the garrison of Pendennis Castle, with a detachment at St Mawes Castle. On 12th March 1646 Fairfax summoned St Mawes, which immediately surrendered, with 160 arms and 12 or 13 cannon. Pendennis Castle was then besieged by the New Model Army from 18th March to 17th August 1646, surrendering to Colonel Richard Fortescue, supported by a naval squadron under Batten. The surviving garrison of 886 men and 95 guns included the remnants of many West Country Royalist regiments.

Notable Officers

Sir John Arundell

Sir John Arundell (1576 to 1656?) was an ardent Royalist nicknamed “Jack for the King”. He had served as an MP for Cornwall, though not in the Long Parliament. Governor of Pendennis Castle from around 1643, his was one of the last English Royalist strongholds to capitulate at the end of the First Civil War.

On being summoned to surrender by Sir Thomas Fairfax he replied “I resolve that I will here bury myself before I deliver up this castle to such as fight against His Majesty, and that nothing you can threaten is formidable to me in respect of the loss of loyalty and conscience.” Enduring a five-month siege, he was forced to surrender on 17th August 1646 due to starvation of the garrison, having been dissuaded from his plan of exploding the castle's gunpowder store rather than yield.

He is not to be confused with his son Colonel John Arundell who led a regiment of horse and was killed before Plymouth in 1644. As well as the unfortunate John Arundell, two more of Sir John's sons, William and Richard fought as Royalist Colonels in the First Civil War, they took over Colonel John Trevannion’s Regiment of Foot after Trevannion was killed at Bristol.

Officer Lists

Colonel Sir John Arundells Regiment of Foot 1)

  • Colonel Sir John Arundell
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robinson Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major Hannibal Bonython
  • Captain Richard Blewitt (2) + I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Hannibal Bonython (1) + (2)
  • Captain Carnsewe (2)
  • Captain George Collings I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain William Cooper (1)
  • Captain Peter Courtenay I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Reskemer Courtenay I.O. Cornwall (Reskymer and Peter Courtnay were brothers from Landrake, Cornwall.) also served in Sir William Courtney’s (Devon) Regiment of Foot
  • Captain George Kempson I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain William Pendarves (2)
  • Captain John Tresahar (3) John Treshar/Tresahar was of Trevethan Cornwall, listed as Captain Tresaer at surrender in Pendennis2).
  • Captain Sampson Zacherly I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant John Hallamore I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant John Hittson I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Joseph Jewell I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Richard Lyne I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant William Nance I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Thomas Simons I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Francis Twiggs I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Samuel Whare I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Bawden I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Thomas Chegwin I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Edward Edwards I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Maine I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign John Pierce I.O. Cornwall to Lt. Col. Robinson
  • Ensign John Sands I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Richard Sands I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Matthew Treglawne I.O. Cornwall

Contemporary References

Grenville to Prince of Wales

Sir Richard Grenville to the Prince of Wales. Sept. 16. 1645 Has Truro, a suspicion that St. Ives had invited the rebels to come by sea, against which he has taken precautions by placing a garrison there, disarming the townsmen, and causing three ringleaders to be executed at St. Ives, Helston, and Truro respectively, as the three most rotten towns in the West. Encloses depositions touching the treason of Major Hannibal Bonithon, Governor of the Castle of St. Mawes. i. Bodmin, Nov. 22, 1643. Informations of several soldiers of the garrison of St. Mawes, touching the same charges against the Governor. Copies. ii. Truro, Jan. n, 164!. Articles exhibited at the Gene- ral Sessions of the Peace, charging Major Bonithon. with smuggling tobacco, embezzling the soldiers' pay, and disaffection to the King's cause. Copy. iii. [No date.] Articles of the above and other charges against Bonithon. iv. Sept. 15, 1645. Depositions of witnesses to prove the preceding Articles. Copies. See Hist. Eabell. bk. ix. p. 565. Calendar of Clarendon papers

(1) Parish register St. Just in Roseland

Susanna the Daughter of Captain Han. Bonython and Hannah his Wife was baptized. 19.2.1642/3. Captain William Cooper was buried the last of January 1645/6.

(2) SP23.206.820

To ye Honourable Committee for Compounding with Delinquents sitting att Gouldsmiths Hall The humble petition of William Pendarves Sheweth that your petitioner was Captayne of the Trayned Band in the County of Cornwall belonging to ye Castle of Pendennis in which he continued for the space of six months, and about a twelve month since did lay down armes and hath quietly lived at his house and bin conformable to all orders and Ordnances of Parliament. Wherefore he humbly prayeth hee may be admitted to a favorable composition with consideration to his estate which hee shall give in under his hand. And hee shall pray etc.

William Pendarves

Rec'd 15 January 1646/7

Cornwall Record Office DDT.1617

Proportions of victualls to be brought in to his majesties forte of Pendennis by the regiment assigned for the quarter thereof - for three monthes. the warrants sente the 18th of November 1644

(the original also shows quantities of bread, butter, beef and pease ordered)

  • Penryn towne 103 men
  • Capt. Pendarves
    • Glewyas parish 16 men
    • Mylor 32 men
  • Capt. Bonython
    • Perran 23 men
    • Gwennappe 42 men
    • Stytheans 30 men (Stithians)
  • Capt. Carnsewe (Either Francis or Matthew Carnsewe of Bockeley, Cornwall)
    • Gwendron 71 men (Wendron)
    • Constenton 67 men (Constantine)
    • Budocke 72 men
  • Capt. Blewett
    • Mabe 21 men
    • Mawnan 22 men

(3) SP46.95.138

Received at his Majesties Fort at Pendennis out of the Gift of God of Topsham Richard Shakerly, Master, the Second of January 1643(4).

  • 5 Pieces of ordnance with 4 carriages
  • 4 half barrels of powder
  • 6 muskets
  • 2 harquebuses
  • 2 swords
  • 3 small pistols
  • 3 roules of match
  • 18 shot of all sorts

See Also

1) From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
2) E.353.4