Colonel Anthony Willoughby’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1644
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Colonel Anthony Willoughby
Area RaisedIreland
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist regiment of foot raised in Ireland but intercepted and massacred at sea

Service History


  • Capt Anthony Willoughby in command of Galway garrison with 200 local foot and an English company1)


  • October: Willoughby commissioned Colonel



Commission granted 17th October 1643 (Blacks Docquets) and mentioned in a letter he carried to Lord Ormond (P9220122/3) from King Charles 1st dated 4th February 1643/4 but signed Edw. Nicholas, wherein he was to raise 400 volunteers out of Galway to Dublin to be shipped over in March, his own Company as well as another from the old established army already being in England out of his father Sir Francis Willoughbys Regiment. 150 of the regiment were intercepted at sea by parliamentarian Captain Swanley. Swanley commanded that 70 of the men be tied back-to-back and thrown overboard, where they all drowned. The remainder possibly joined Laugharne's Parliamentarians in Pembrokeshire.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Anthony Willoughby

Son of Sir Francis Willoughby

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Carte Mss. Vol. IX f.58 Charles R

Right trusty and right entirely beloved Cousin & Councellor wee greete you well.

Whereas this gentleman Colonell Anthony Willoughby has proposed to us the present levy of foure hundred voluntieres in any part of Ireland for our service here, and ye transportacion of them to Bristoll by the end of March next: As likewise the bringing over of those twoe hundred men which he brought from Gallway to Dublin, being twoe Companies, one of the old establishment and ye other raysed there by himselfe, both now at Dublin in Sir Francis Willoughby his fathers Regiment: For his better performance whereof he desireth ye sum of five hundred pounds sterl. may be advanced there unto him, to be defalked afterwards out of the arreares of his entertainment.

And whereas ye present condicion of our affaires here is such that soe considerable an assistance may be very available to us. We have therefore thought good to recommend all the said particulars to your consideracion to ye end that if ye find ye same fitting & as may stand with ye present state of that our Kingdom you may then grant him commission accordingly, with such assistance accomodacion & advance of money as may enable him to accomplish ye service proposed by the prefixed time. And in that case to take order also (which is the Colonells further desire) that ye said twoe Companies after our service hath ended, may return again into that our Kingdom to be continued in ye same Regiment & nature as now they are. All which we leave to your judgement & discrecion to doe or forbeare as you shall see cause.

And soe we bid you heartily farewell.

Given under our Signet at our Court at Oxford ye 4th day of February 1643.

By his Majesties Command Edw. Nicholas.

Ormondes note below

The King to Ormonde his Majesties letter 4th February 1643/4 received 5th March 1643

For ye advance of £500 to Collonell Anthony Willoughby for rayseinge 400 volunteers in Ireland to be transported to Bristoll together with ye two Companies brought by him from Gallway, etc.

Carnarvon Record Office XQS/1660/137 The humble petition of Hugh James sheweth that your petitioner about thirty six yeares since was imprest by the then Constable of Llanyfangly Penant (Llanfihangel y Pennant) in the said County to serve his late Majesty of blessed memory, in his service in Ireland, where he contynued in that obedience, about the space of two and twenty yeares and afterward was transported from there into England under the command of Sir Anthony Willoughby where with fidelity he served his said Majesty about the space of three yeares but soe it ould please your worshipps that your petitioner is very poore and aged and impotent by reason of his wounde receaved in the said service and hath not the werewithall to mayntayne himselfe or to releeve his great want and necessetie.


  • April: Willoughby assembles 400 men for service in England, including 200 of the Galway Garrison
  • May: Around 150 men embarked for England

See Also

1) An English Army for Ireland Ian Ryder. Partizan Press