Sir Thomas Aston's Regiment of Dragoons

Active1642 to unknown
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelsSir Thomas Aston
Area RaisedCheshire
Coat ColourBlue?
Flag ColourUnknown
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesCheshire 1643

Royalist dragoon regiment that was raised and served in Cheshire during the First Civil War.

Service History


  • Aston commissioned to raise 500 dragoons in Cheshire1)


  • March: First Battle of Middlewich
  • September: First Battle of Newbury?


  • January: Lt Col Warcup commissioned


Sir Thomas Aston was commissioned to raise a regiment of 500 dragoons in Cheshire in late 1642. They served under Sir Thomas at the First Battle of Middlewich, in Cheshire. While their later history is obscure, it's possible that they served together with Sir Thomas Aston's Regiment of Horse on campaign.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

I've been told (TW) there is a wealth of surviving documentation on Aston's dragoons within the Aston family papers. This has not yet been published to my knowledge. From this information and Sir Thomas Aston's Dragoons on Facebook, I've been informed that the regiment wore blue coats and their guidons featured white and gold tassels.

Notable Officers

Colonel Sir Thomas Aston

Sir Thomas Aston, 1st Baronet (29 September 1600 – 24 March 1645) was the nephew of the more notorious Sir Arthur Aston. He raised a regiment of horse in 1642 and commanded them at Edgehill. By January 1643 he had been sent back to Cheshire to lead the local forces against Sir William Brereton's Parliamentarians, but was defeated in a succession of skirmishes and minor battles. He returned to the Oxford Army, having his horse shot from beneath him at the 1st Battle of Newbury and was later captured during a skirmish in Staffordshire (1645). He died of a fever in prison at Stafford after a failed escape attempt where he was knocked on the head by an enemy soldier.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Sir Thomas Aston
  • Lieutenant Colonel John Warcup (1)
  • Sargeant Major Michael Mason I.O. L + W
  • Captain Thomas Newland I.O. L + W
  • Captain Thomas Salway Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Spottiswood (3)
  • Captain Thomas Starky I.O. Chester
  • Lieutenant John Eldridge I.O. L + W to Capt. Salway
  • Lieutenant George White I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Mason

A list of the regiment's officers is also shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Lt Col Warcup

SAL/MS/138 f.130

Commission from Prince Rupert dated 5.1.1643/4 to John Warcup to be Lieutenant Colonel in Sir Thomas Aston's Regiment of Dragoons. Information provided by Adrian James of the Society of Antiquaries of London.

WO55.423.155 23.11.1642 You are to deliver unto this bearer sixty compleate armes that is to say backs breasts and hed peeces and this shall bee your warrant. Arth: Aston

Received upon this warrant sixty backs and breasts and fifty and three headpeeces by mee John Warcuppe

(Note, presumably for Aston's regiment of horse?)

(3) Capt Spottiswood

GET REF NO. and folio.


  • 500 commissioned to be raised

See Also

1) Soldiers of the English Civil War (2): Cavalry. John Tincey. Osprey Elite 27


keepyourpowderdry, 15/05/2020 14:29
Anyone have a source for 'blue?' coats? I can find no mention in any of the usual sources (Peachey and Prince, Reid).

tim, 14/06/2020 00:09
Hi KYPD, I've heard this was found in unpublished Aston family documents. No reason to doubt the info but as it's not published (yet?) I've added a question mark.
keepyourpowderdry, 14/06/2020 15:49
Thanks Tim
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