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royalist:dragoon-regiments:james-ussher [09/02/2016 15:32]
tim
royalist:dragoon-regiments:james-ussher [11/11/2020 11:27] (current)
1642
Line 10: Line 10:
 |**Colonel**|James Ussher| |**Colonel**|James Ussher|
 | |Sir Henry Washington|  | |Sir Henry Washington|
-|**Area Raised**| | +| |Prince Maurice| 
-|**Coat Colour**||  +|**Area Raised**|South Midlands
-|**Flag Colour**|Green & White?| +|**Coat Colour**|Blue or Red?|  
 +|**Flag Colour**|White?| 
 +|Green & White?|
 |**Flag Design**||  |**Flag Design**||
 |**Field Armies**|Oxford 1642-3| |**Field Armies**|Oxford 1642-3|
Line 25: Line 27:
  
 ====1642==== ====1642====
-  *August: ​Repulse ​from Coventry+  *August: ​Ussher present at the repulse ​from Coventry ​ 
 +  *September: Regiment raised in the South Midlands
   *23rd September: Battle of Powick Bridge   *23rd September: Battle of Powick Bridge
   *23rd October: Battle of Edgehill - //Right flank//   *23rd October: Battle of Edgehill - //Right flank//
Line 34: Line 37:
 ====1643==== ====1643====
   *January: Skirmish at Burford?   *January: Skirmish at Burford?
 +  *January: Standoff at Cirencester (Capt Villiers captured)
   *2nd February: Storm of Cirencester  ​   *2nd February: Storm of Cirencester  ​
 +  *March: Move from Berkshire into Wiltshire & Gloucestershire
   *April: Storm of Birmingham   *April: Storm of Birmingham
-  *April: Siege of Lichfield+  *April: Siege of Lichfield, Ussher killed
   *April: Battle of Caversham Bridge   *April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
   *June: Skirmish at Chinnor   *June: Skirmish at Chinnor
Line 43: Line 48:
   *26th July: Storm of Bristol - //Part of Colonel Henry Wentworth'​s Brigade//   *26th July: Storm of Bristol - //Part of Colonel Henry Wentworth'​s Brigade//
   *August to September: Siege of Gloucester   *August to September: Siege of Gloucester
 +  *September to January 1644: In garrison at Banbury
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
 +  *January: In Evesham garrison
   *May: Storm of Stockport   *May: Storm of Stockport
   *2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor - //500 men app.//   *2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor - //500 men app.//
   *September: Skirmish at Montgomery ​   *September: Skirmish at Montgomery ​
   *September: Battle of Montgomery Castle   *September: Battle of Montgomery Castle
 +  *Chester garrison
  
 ====1645==== ====1645====
 +  *January: Battle of Christleton
 +  *January to February: Besieged at Chester
 +  *March: Drawn out of Chester by Maurice & Rupert
   *April: Storm of Ledbury   *April: Storm of Ledbury
 +  *Join Worcester garrison
   *December: Skirmish at Abberley?   *December: Skirmish at Abberley?
  
 ====1646==== ====1646====
-  *May to July: Besieged in Worcester+  *May to July: Besieged in Worcester, surrendering on 23rd July
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
-The regiment ​converted from dragoons to foot when in garrison ​at Worcester. +There is a history of the regiment ​online ​at [[http://​www.princemauricesregiment.org.uk/​index.php/​historical-articles/​regimental-history/​27-prince-maurices-dragoones-a-short-history.html?​showall=1&​limitstart=|Prince Maurice'​s Dragoones]] ​of the Sealed Knot. 
-=====Coats and Flags===== +
-Carried green and white flags when serving as a regiment ​of foot in 1645((Information kindly provided by BCW Wiki contributor 1642))+
  
-Issued 8 muskets and a dozen halberds in May 1643((Information kindly provided by BCW Wiki contributor 1642))+The regiment did particularly good service at Edgehill, clearing Parliamentarian musketeers from the right flank, at Lichfield, where Ussher was killed scaling the walls, and at Bristol, where they were likewise first into the breach. It is not absolutely certain that they fought at Marston Moor, but appears likely as they formed part of Rupert'​s army earlier in the campaign. The regiment was converted from dragoons to foot when in garrison at Worcester. 
 + 
 +=====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== 
 +In 1643 the regiment might have received the Oxford army clothing issue of suits of Souldiers Cassocks, Breeches, Stockings and Capps either all in blue or all in red.  
 + 
 +Two white dragoon guidons with blue and white fringing were captured by Essex'​s army and one at Marston Moor, see [[http://​www.princemauricesregiment.org.uk/​index.php/​historical-articles/​regimental-history/​27-prince-maurices-dragoones-a-short-history.html?​showall=1&​limitstart=|Maurice'​s Regiment]] however these cannot be unambiguously assigned to the regiment. At Worcester, they carried green and white flags when serving as a regiment of foot in 1645((Information kindly provided by BCW Wiki contributor 1642)) 
 + 
 +In November 1642 the regiment was issued as much carbine shot as musket shot, but by December only musket shot was issued. ​Issued 8 muskets and a dozen halberds in May 1643, then in June 1643 they were issued powder, match and musket shot((Information kindly provided by BCW Wiki contributor 1642)). These issue records imply that the regiment was armed with a mixture of carbines and muskets initially but soon transitioned to matchlock muskets alone. ​
  
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
Line 69: Line 86:
 Ussher was Anglo-Irish from Donnybrook, he served in the Bishops'​ Wars and was killed at Lichfield, 21st April 1643 Ussher was Anglo-Irish from Donnybrook, he served in the Bishops'​ Wars and was killed at Lichfield, 21st April 1643
 ====Sir Henry Washington==== ====Sir Henry Washington====
-Lieutenant-Colonel, commanded ​the regiment at Edgehill+Lieutenant-Colonel ​to Ussher and led the regiment at Edgehill. He was promoted to Colonel after Ussher'​s death at Lichfield. ​
 ====Prince Maurice==== ====Prince Maurice====
 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​prince-maurice|Prince Maurice]] seems to have been honorary Colonel [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​prince-maurice|Prince Maurice]] seems to have been honorary Colonel
 +
 +====Officer List====
 +
 +  *Colonel James Usher((Original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642))
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Henry Washington (later Colonel)
 +  *Sargeant Major Hutchinson (Cirencester 1643) 
 +  *Sargeant Major Nathaniel Grey (Prob.)
 +
 +  *Captain Edward Gawdy (1)
 +  *Captain Theodore Humphreys I.O. L + W
 +  *Captain Francis Moryson (5)
 +  *Captain John Villiers (6)
 +
 +  *Lieutenant Thomas Fanning (3)
 +
 +  *Cornet John Hall (2)
 +
 +  *Quartermaster Thomas Danson (4)
 +
 +====Troops at Bristol July 1643===
 +
 +From [[http://​www.princemauricesregiment.org.uk/​index.php/​historical-articles/​regimental-history/​27-prince-maurices-dragoones-a-short-history.html?​showall=1&​limitstart=|Prince Maurice'​s Dragoones]]
 +
 +  *Col. Henry Washington
 +  *Lt. Col. Henry Huddleston
 +  *Maj. Nathaniel Grey
 +  *Capt. Henry Colthorpe
 +  *Capt. Francis Morrison
 +  *Capt. William Tuke
 +  *Capt. Henry Norwood
 +
 +
 +Col Henry Washingtons Regiment of Foot in Worcester 1645 & 6
 + 
 +Lieutenant Colonel ​                         Hurston ​  (5)
 +
 +Sargeant Major                                Grey         (5)
 +
 +Captain ​                                         Armourer ​   (5)
 +Captain ​                                             Bellamy ​  (5) + Ment. I.O.
 +Captain ​                                             Dormer ​   (5)
 +Colonel ​                                         Knotsford ​   (5)
 +Captain ​                                          ​Norwood ​    ​(5)-Captured early in war Royalist Tract find
 +Captain ​                                          ​Robinson ​   (5) + Ment. I.O.
 +
 +Lieutenant ​                        ​Gilbert Hudson ​       I.O. Worcs. to Capt. Bellamy
 +Lieutenant ​                                          ​Floyd ​     BLB.Vol.II.It.802 ​
 +
 +Ensign ​                              ​William Pilkington ​  I.O. L + W to Capt. Robinson
 +
 +
 +(5) Henry Townsend Diary
 +Colonel Washingtons Regiment 29th May 1646
 +Governors Company
 +Inferior officers ​              11
 +Soldiers ​                          95
 +     
 +     Lt. Col. Hurston ​               6
 +     ​Soldiers ​                          54
 +
 +     Major Grey                        6
 +     ​Soldiers ​                          44
 +
 +    Captain Norwood ​             7
 +    Soldiers ​                           45
 +
 +    Captain Bellamy ​               5
 +    Soldiers ​                           38
 +
 +    Captain Robinson ​           6
 +    Soldiers ​                          ​36 ​
 +
 +    Captain Armourer ​           5
 +    Soldiers ​                          36
 + 
 +    Colonel Knotsford ​          5
 +    Soldiers ​                          36
 +
 +    Captain Dormer ​              5
 +    Soldiers ​                          ​50 ​
 +
 +    Officers ​                          56
 +    Soldiers ​                       440
 +
 +=====Contemporary References=====
 +
 +Movements of the Regiment in Berkshire in March 1642/3. later in the month they were in Wiltshire or Gloucestershire Harl. Ms. 6851 f. 133,146.
 +
 +(1) Luke letter Book 20.2.1642/3 Microfilm narrative
 +Major Gawdy was a Captain of Dragoons under Colonel Usher and received 2 shots in the thigh at Keinton. Because he was at Wantage, his Majesty made him a Major to a Regiment of Horse being raised in Suffolk.
 +
 +
 +(2) WO55.423.175 Part 2.
 +The Nineteenth day of December 1642
 +Received this day  of Thomas Martin one of the Conductors of Ammunition ​ in his Majesties Traine of Artillery, fower Barrells of powder, match fower hundred weight Muskett Shott fower hundred weight being directed to the Officer in Chiefe for Prince Maurice his Regiment of Dragooners by Sir John Heydon Knight, I say received the particulars above said by me Henry Washington Leiftenant Colonel to Colonel Usher in the presence of John Hall Coronet.
 +
 +Munitions for 500 of Prince Maurises Dragoon to Colonel Usher, Lieutenant Colonel Washington, Cornet John Hall. 19.12.1642.
 +
 +W055.423.175.
 +16. Decemb. 1642
 +A supplement of 4 cwt. of Powder, 4 cwt of Match & 4 cwt of Muskett shott for Prince Maurice his Regt.
 +
 +(3) WO55.423.157
 +Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of Coll: Ushers Regiment of Dragooners.
 +Powder 4 cwt Match 12 bundles Musket shott 2 cwt Carbine shott 2 cwt 
 +
 +Thomas Fanning Lieut.  ​
 +24.11.1642 ​
 +
 +(4) WO55.424.55 1.42/3.
 +Thomas Danson Quartermaster Colonel Duncombe and Colonel Ushers Regiments 1cwt Powder match and musket balls.
 +I have listed under both Regiments.
 +
 +(5) WO55.423.143
 +You are to deliver to Capt. Moryson 100 of Powder Match and Bullett proportionable and this shall bee your discharge.
 +
 +Rupert.
 +24th February 1642(3)
 +
 +Received these according to the direccione above written for Collonell Ushers Regiment One hundred waite of powder one hundred of match & Bullett proportionable
 +Francis Moryson
 +
 +
 +(6) E.90.7
 +Master John Villiers brother to Lord Grandison and Captain of Dragoons captured at Cirencester and taken to Gloucester.
 +
 +
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  *October 1642: Estimated 400 at Edgehill
 +  *December 1642: Munitions delivered for 500 dragoons
 +  *July 1643: 7 troops at Bristol
  
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======