Colonel James Ussher’s Regiment of Dragoons

ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJames Ussher
Sir Henry Washington
Prince Maurice
Area RaisedSouth Midlands
Coat ColourBlue or Red?
Flag ColourWhite?
Green & White?
Flag Design
Field ArmiesOxford 1642-3
Rupert 1644

Later Sir Henry Washington’s Regiment of Dragoons, also known as Prince Maurice’s Regiment of Dragoons

Regiment of dragoons that fought as part of the Oxford Army, on York March, then converted to a foot regiment in the garrison of Worcester

Service History


  • August: Ussher present at the repulse from Coventry
  • September: Regiment raised in the South Midlands
  • 23rd September: Battle of Powick Bridge
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill - Right flank
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • 5th December: Storm of Marlborough - Under Lord Wilmot
  • 9th December: Quartered at Burford


  • January: Skirmish at Burford?
  • January: Standoff at Cirencester (Capt Villiers captured)
  • 2nd February: Storm of Cirencester
  • March: Move from Berkshire into Wiltshire & Gloucestershire
  • April: Storm of Birmingham
  • April: Siege of Lichfield, Ussher killed
  • April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
  • June: Skirmish at Chinnor
  • June: Battle of Chalgrove Field
  • June: Raid on West Wycombe
  • 26th July: Storm of Bristol - Part of Colonel Henry Wentworth's Brigade
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • September to January 1644: In garrison at Banbury


  • January: In Evesham garrison
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor - 500 men app.
  • September: Skirmish at Montgomery
  • September: Battle of Montgomery Castle
  • Chester garrison


  • January: Battle of Christleton
  • January to February: Besieged at Chester
  • March: Drawn out of Chester by Maurice & Rupert
  • April: Storm of Ledbury
  • Join Worcester garrison
  • December: Skirmish at Abberley?


  • May to July: Besieged in Worcester, surrendering on 23rd July


There is a history of the regiment online at Prince Maurice's Dragoones of the Sealed Knot.

The regiment did particularly good service at Edgehill, clearing Parliamentarian musketeers from the right flank, at Lichfield, where Ussher was killed scaling the walls, and at Bristol, where they were likewise first into the breach. It is not absolutely certain that they fought at Marston Moor, but appears likely as they formed part of Rupert's army earlier in the campaign. The regiment was converted from dragoons to foot when in garrison at Worcester.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

In 1643 the regiment might have received the Oxford army clothing issue of suits of Souldiers Cassocks, Breeches, Stockings and Capps either all in blue or all in red.

Two white dragoon guidons with blue and white fringing were captured by Essex's army and one at Marston Moor, see Maurice's Regiment however these cannot be unambiguously assigned to the regiment. At Worcester, they carried green and white flags when serving as a regiment of foot in 16451)

In November 1642 the regiment was issued as much carbine shot as musket shot, but by December only musket shot was issued. Issued 8 muskets and a dozen halberds in May 1643, then in June 1643 they were issued powder, match and musket shot2). These issue records imply that the regiment was armed with a mixture of carbines and muskets initially but soon transitioned to matchlock muskets alone.

Notable Officers

James Ussher

Ussher was Anglo-Irish from Donnybrook, he served in the Bishops' Wars and was killed at Lichfield, 21st April 1643

Sir Henry Washington

Lieutenant-Colonel to Ussher and led the regiment at Edgehill. He was promoted to Colonel after Ussher's death at Lichfield.

Prince Maurice

Prince Maurice seems to have been honorary Colonel

Officer List

  • Colonel James Usher3)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Washington (later Colonel)
  • Sargeant Major Hutchinson (Cirencester 1643)
  • Sargeant Major Nathaniel Grey (Prob.)
  • Captain Edward Gawdy (1)
  • Captain Theodore Humphreys I.O. L + W
  • Captain Francis Moryson (5)
  • Captain John Villiers (6)
  • Lieutenant Thomas Fanning (3)
  • Cornet John Hall (2)
  • Quartermaster Thomas Danson (4)

Troops at Bristol July 1643

From Prince Maurice's Dragoones

  • Col. Henry Washington
  • Lt. Col. Henry Huddleston
  • Maj. Nathaniel Grey
  • Capt. Henry Colthorpe
  • Capt. Francis Morrison
  • Capt. William Tuke
  • Capt. Henry Norwood

Col Henry Washingtons Regiment of Foot in Worcester 1645 & 6

Lieutenant Colonel Hurston (5)

Sargeant Major Grey (5)

Captain Armourer (5) Captain Bellamy (5) + Ment. I.O. Captain Dormer (5) Colonel Knotsford (5) Captain Norwood (5)-Captured early in war Royalist Tract find Captain Robinson (5) + Ment. I.O.

Lieutenant Gilbert Hudson I.O. Worcs. to Capt. Bellamy Lieutenant Floyd BLB.Vol.II.It.802

Ensign William Pilkington I.O. L + W to Capt. Robinson

(5) Henry Townsend Diary Colonel Washingtons Regiment 29th May 1646 Governors Company Inferior officers 11 Soldiers 95

   Lt. Col. Hurston                6
   Soldiers                           54
   Major Grey                        6
   Soldiers                           44
  Captain Norwood              7
  Soldiers                            45
  Captain Bellamy                5
  Soldiers                            38
  Captain Robinson            6
  Soldiers                           36 
  Captain Armourer            5
  Soldiers                           36

Colonel Knotsford 5

  Soldiers                           36
  Captain Dormer               5
  Soldiers                           50 
  Officers                           56
  Soldiers                        440

Contemporary References

Movements of the Regiment in Berkshire in March 1642/3. later in the month they were in Wiltshire or Gloucestershire Harl. Ms. 6851 f. 133,146.

(1) Luke letter Book 20.2.1642/3 Microfilm narrative Major Gawdy was a Captain of Dragoons under Colonel Usher and received 2 shots in the thigh at Keinton. Because he was at Wantage, his Majesty made him a Major to a Regiment of Horse being raised in Suffolk.

(2) WO55.423.175 Part 2. The Nineteenth day of December 1642 Received this day of Thomas Martin one of the Conductors of Ammunition in his Majesties Traine of Artillery, fower Barrells of powder, match fower hundred weight Muskett Shott fower hundred weight being directed to the Officer in Chiefe for Prince Maurice his Regiment of Dragooners by Sir John Heydon Knight, I say received the particulars above said by me Henry Washington Leiftenant Colonel to Colonel Usher in the presence of John Hall Coronet.

Munitions for 500 of Prince Maurises Dragoon to Colonel Usher, Lieutenant Colonel Washington, Cornet John Hall. 19.12.1642.

W055.423.175. 16. Decemb. 1642 A supplement of 4 cwt. of Powder, 4 cwt of Match & 4 cwt of Muskett shott for Prince Maurice his Regt.

(3) WO55.423.157 Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of Coll: Ushers Regiment of Dragooners. Powder 4 cwt Match 12 bundles Musket shott 2 cwt Carbine shott 2 cwt

Thomas Fanning Lieut. 24.11.1642

(4) WO55.424.55 1.42/3. Thomas Danson Quartermaster Colonel Duncombe and Colonel Ushers Regiments 1cwt Powder match and musket balls. I have listed under both Regiments.

(5) WO55.423.143 You are to deliver to Capt. Moryson 100 of Powder Match and Bullett proportionable and this shall bee your discharge.

Rupert. 24th February 1642(3)

Received these according to the direccione above written for Collonell Ushers Regiment One hundred waite of powder one hundred of match & Bullett proportionable Francis Moryson

(6) E.90.7 Master John Villiers brother to Lord Grandison and Captain of Dragoons captured at Cirencester and taken to Gloucester.


  • October 1642: Estimated 400 at Edgehill
  • December 1642: Munitions delivered for 500 dragoons
  • July 1643: 7 troops at Bristol

See Also

The regiment is re-enacted by Prince Maurice's Dragoones, a regiment of the Sealed Knot.

1) , 2) Information kindly provided by BCW Wiki contributor 1642
3) Original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642