Colonel Edward Grey’s Regiment of Dragoons

Active1642
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeDragoons
ColonelEdward Grey
Area Raised
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesOxford 1642

Raised as part of the King’s army in 1642 but captured by Waller at Winchester that December

Service History

1642

  • September: Plunder Sir Edward Rodes' house (Yorks) then retire to Mansfield
  • 23rd September: Battle of Powick Bridge
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill - Left flank
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • November to December: Quartered at Basingstoke
  • 5th December: Storm of Marlborough - Under Lord Wilmot, accompanying Grandison's horse
  • 9th December: Quartered at Faringdon
  • December: Garrison of Winchester
  • December: Captured at Winchester

Notes

September 1642 Plundered Sir Edward Rodes house. October 23 1642 fought at the battle of Edgehill. December 5-6th Marlborough. December 9th Quartered in Faringdon. December 13th 1642 Captured in Winchester Castle. Major Hebburn was among the signatories to the terms of surrender

They were with Lord Grandisons Horse Regiment at Marlborough and again when both Regiments were captured at Winchester.

Grey appears to have then returned north and raised as regiment of Northern Horse Colonel Edward Grey’s Regiment of Horse serving thereafter in the North until he took the Covenant and surrendered to the Scots at Coquet Island.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Both musket and carbine shot issued in November 1642, implying they used both weapons.

Notable Officers

Colonel Edward Grey

Lieutenant-Colonel George Lisle

Lisle likely commanded at Edgehill

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Edward Greys regiment of Dragoons
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Sargeant Major Ralph Hebburn (2)
  • Captain Beckonhead (2)
  • Captain Booth (2)
  • Captain Robert Brandling (2)
  • Captain John Fenwick I.O. Nrthmb.
  • Captain Lancelot Holtby Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Lewthwaite (3)
  • Captain Woodhall Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Wren (2)
  • Lieutenant Booth (2)
  • Lieutenant Elverton
  • Lieutenant Edward Roddam (2) + I.O. Nrthmb.
  • Cornet Bradlines (2)
  • Cornet Gwyn (2)
  • Cornet Robert Rowell (1)
  • Cornet Ruddry(2)
  • Cornet George White I.O. Salop. to Capt. Woodhall
  • Quartermaster John Bath (4)
  • Quartermaster Ralph Hutton I.O. Durham to Capt. Holtby

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Rowell's petition

West Yorkshire Archive Service QS1 13/4/6/7 Petition of Robert Rowell of Skipton. 11.12.1673 Extract ..Cornet under Colonel Grey at Edgehill. Received many wounds.

(2) Captured at Winchester

669.f6(98) British Museum Thomason Tracts microfilm. The list of the names of all the commanders and other gentlemen of note that were taken prisoner in the late battell at Winchester.

Brandlings

Visitations of Yorkshire 1665

Robert Brandling of Leathley Esqr. first Captain of a Troop of Dragoons under Colonel Edward Grey in the service of King Charles the first; afterward a Colonell of Horse under the right honourable Marquesse of Newcastle.

His brother Roger is mentioned as a Captain of Horse and slaine in the wars.

(3) John Lewthwaite

Genealogical and Heraldic History of The Commoners of Great Britain And Ireland Enjoying Territorial Possessions or High Official Rank: But Uninvested With Heritable Honours. History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland.

John Lewthwaite of Broad Gate, a captain in a regiment of foot raised by Sir William Hudleston, of Millom Castle, for the service of King Charles I. in which loyal cause he was slain at Edge Hill, in 1642.

Obviously an error as the Regiment never served in the South of England. However, it is conceivable that Lewthwaite served under Edward Huddleston, who was Sargeant Major in the Regiment of Colonel Edward Grey's Dragoons at Edgehill. . For this reason I have listed Lewthwaite under both Regiments.

(4) Ammunition issue

WO55.423.153 23 November 1642 Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of Coll: Greys Regiment.

Powder, 4 cwt Match, 12 bundles Muskett shott, 2 cwt Carbine shott, 2 cwt

John Bath: Quartr.

Possibly John Bathurst.

WO55.459.12 23. November 1642 As above states Quartermaster Jo: Booth

E.240.12 Englands Memorable Accidents 19th to 26th September 1642

September 1642

On Tuesday last,the King advanced with his whole Army to Derby, consisting of 7000 horse and foot, thither Colonell Grey of Warke repaired unto him, with 500 Dragooners. (Note: perhaps a mixup between Grey's dragoons and the Parliamentarian Grey of Wark?)

Plundering Sir Edward Rodes

E.118.10 Speciall Passages 13-20th September 1642 Yorke September 19th

‘Now the fair pretences of the Cavaliers appears,that twas fire and sword they meant, they have lately plundered Sir Edward Rodes his house, burnt al his out houses and taken away 600li worth of goods, slain one of his servants, and violently used others, it was done by Captain Grays Regiment, a Northumberlund Gentleman, who hath the command of 500 Dragooners, most of them consisting of Papists and popish Commanders, though to this worthy Knight it was a sad accident, yet it hath put courage into our West-riding, for on a sudden 1500 men were in Armes to take these Cavaliers, and being on their March, the Cavaliers got notice, and by a still March in the night, escaped to Mansfield in Nottinghamshire.’

Basingstoke Dec 42

E.130.13 Letter extract Basingstoke, this tenth of December 1642. 'Here lay my Lord Grandisons Troope of Horse, and Colonel Greys Dragooners eleven days: wee had emploiment enough to dresse the meat, and provide drinke for them, but last Friday they went away, and as we heard, are gone to Marlborough, and many say they heard the guns goe off very fiercely. H.W.'

Walker to Lyndsey

T2438 WINCHESTER

Lincolnshire record office Reference: 8ANC8/47 EDWARD WALKER to MONTAGUE, EARL OF LINDSEY, Lord Great Chamberlain of England, at Warwick Castle.

Creation dates: [1642,] December 21. Oxford

Extent and Form: 1 page. 

–“I know not how by my actions and lease by my actions and lesse by my thankes to answere those expressions of your Lordships favours to me.. .. For the state of things heere, I can say litle, wee beeinge in our winter quarters, the security of which I doubt not of, notwithstandinge the late unfortunate surprisall of my Lord Grandison at Winchester (by the flying Army of Dragooners of the Parliament) and his Regiment of horse and Colonel Gray's Regiment of Dragooners, consistinge of about 500, who were enforced to yeald uppon the tearmes of the officers departing on horsebacke and the troopers on foote, but conditions were not kept they say, the rude multitude overswaying theire officers, so that our officers beeinge detayned were enforced to make escapes, as the Lord Grandison, Sir Richard Willis and some fewe others, but as yett your Lordship's brother and Sir John Smyth are not come to us and, as I heare, but ill treated. This my Lord I must confesse was an unlucky blow, but discourageth not, rather adds vigilaunce to a just cause. Those flyinge Dragooners made since for Chichester, but as yett have not been able to attempt any thinge against it. In Cornwall and Devon, Sir Raph Hopton is powerfull; wee have likewise the same and better confidence in the Earle of Newcastle, who, out of question, is Master of Yorkeshire and with a powerful Army of above 10,000 men in those Contries. For the Marquesse of Hertford, his neereness to you, beeinge at Worcester, may give your Lordship assurance that hee is not without a considerable power, all which concurring, I doubt not but that ere long an happy issue may bee given to these calamities that now oppresse this nation; and that your Lordship's friends may have the happinesse to serve your Lordship at liberty. For the presert distempers in London I can say litle, though 'tis hoped it may produce the wished effect of peace: I acquainted my Lord Mowbray with your Lordship's letter, who assures mee [he] returned an answere to your Lordship's letter, how ever it miscarried.”

Strength

  • Said to be 500 strong at Winchester

See Also