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Sir William Ogle’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642-1644
CountryEngland
AllegianceProtestant
Royalist
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir William Ogle
Nicholas Mynne
John Buller
Area RaisedEngland
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesInchiquin 1642-3
Vavasour 1643-4
Garrison
Gerard 1645

Later Colonel Nicholas Mynne’s Regiment of Foot, then Colonel John Buller's Regiment of Foot

Regiment of foot raised for service in Ireland, returning to England in 1643 to fight for the Royalists

Service History

1642

  • Raised
  • May: Shipped to Munster1)

1643

  • November: Return to England under Mynne
  • November: Skirmish at Wooton under Edge

1644

  • February: Skirmish at Painswick Church
  • April: Defence of Newent
  • May: Defence of Monmouth
  • August: Skirmish at Redmarley Mynne killed and the regiment suffers heavy casualties
  • Quartered at Hereford
  • Likely taken over by Major Buller

1645

  • April: Battle of Newcastle Emlyn
  • April: Taking of Haverfordwest

Notes

Ogle's regiment was raised in England for service in Ireland, where they arrived in May 1642, forming part of Lord Inchiquin's army in Munster.

Mynne initially served as Lieutenant Colonel of Ogle's regiment in Ireland. During 1642 there were plans to raise a regiment of dragoons from the West Country for service in Ireland under Mynne's command. Mynne's captain, James Chudleigh, was in the West Country raising forces in December 1642 when Parliament proposed keeping the dragoons in the West until March 1643 to oppose the Royalists. It seems probable that any men raised joined Maj. Gen. James Chudleigh’s Regiment of Dragoons and/or Maj. Gen. James Chudleigh’s Regiment of Horse and remained in the West Country fighting on behalf of Parliament.

In November 1643 a regiment of foot returned from Ireland to England under Mynne's command. This appears to be Ogle's foot, but likely included elements of other units of Inchiquin's army. Mynne’s foot were assigned to Sir William Vavasour’s force opposing Massey at Gloucester. Meanwhile in Ireland, Inchiquin had shifted allegiance to Parliament and asked Mynne to return with his regiment. Mynne, however, was defeated by Massey and killed at Redmarley in August 1644. His regiment suffered heavy casualties and retired into garrison at Hereford, where they were likely taken over by their Major, John Buller. In 1645 Buller's regiment formed part of Charles Gerard's army in South Wales.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment were issued suits of clothes at Bristol on their return from Ireland, supplied by Thomas Bushell2).

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is also shown in An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press.

Sir William Ogle

Colonel Nicholas Mynne

Mynne had previously served as Lt Col of Sir Charles Vavasour’s Regiment of Foot in Ireland. He was kiled at Redmarley.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

The Regiment in England. It would appear that some Officers formerly served under Sir William Ogle and Sir Charles Vavasour

  • Colonel Nicholas Mynne
  • Lieutenant Colonel Francis Storey (2)
  • Sargeant Major John Buller
  • Sargeant Major Rowland St. Leger ? (1)
  • Captain Thomas Pendarvis I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Grey
  • Lieutenant Henry Harris I.O. Monmouth to Capt. Grey
  • Lieutenant John Roades (3)
  • Ensign Luke Coulton (3)
  • Ensign David Price I.O. Carmarthen
  • Ensign Charles Roose (3)
  • Ensign Edward Somivond (3)
  • Quartermaster Robert Oakeshall (3)
  • Provost Marshall Nicholas Nott (3)
  • Gentleman of Arms Edward Kinge (3)
  • Chaplain Thomas Swan (3)

In Ireland

  • Captain James Chudleigh

Contemporary Documents

Ogle's in Ireland

“And it is most true that those three Regiments which the King and Parliament sent over for this Province, under the commaund of Sir Charles Vavasor, Sir John Paulett and Sir William Ogle, are soe lessened, wakened and made unserviceable by fluxes, small pox, feavers, and with long marches and lyeing upon the cold ground, as we are not able out of these 3 regiments to draw into the field 1200 able and serviceable men; death and sickness having reduced them to sioe weake condition.” Earl of Cork to speaker of the House of Commons 25/08/423)

Mynne's Dragoons

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642:

The Regiment was formed in Ireland sometime after 23.1.1642/3 as mentioned in the following letter and was originally to have been a Regiment of Dragoons.

PRO.31.1.4 23.1.1642/3 Lord Inchiquin to Lenthall Has sent Capt. Chidly to remonstrate our wants. The lightness of the Irish Foot requires us to have a Regiment of Dragoons and boldly desire Lieutenant Colonell Mynn may have the command of them.

Captain James Chudleigh was already in England attempting with the assistance of Parliament.

Journal of the House of Lords 8.12.1642 Order for levying Dragoons in Somersetshire and Cornwall.

“Resolved, upon the Question, “That a Thousand Dragoons be levied, in Som'sett, Devon, and Cornwall; Five Hundred at the Officers own Expence, upon Adventure for Land in Ireland; and Five Hundred to be taken up upon Ticket, upon Papists, Commissioners of Array, Not-contributors, and Delinquents; and those Dragooners to be employed in the Service of the Western Parts till the latter End of March next, and then to be sent into Ireland, for the Service of that Kingdom; and that One Thousand Pounds be advanced unto them upon Accompt; and likewise ready Money to provide Arms and One Thousand Saddles; and that the said Thousand Pounds, and Money for Arms and Saddles, shall be re-paid out of the Plate raised in the County of Devon and Cornwall upon the Propositions.

“And that all His Majesty's Officers and well-affected Persons, who value the Protestant Religion, and the Safety of their Lives and Estates, in the Peace of the Three Kingdoms, be obliged to assist Captain James Chudleigh, and the other Officers of Colonel Minne's Regiment, in the speedily levying of these Dragooners; and that all Officers and Soldiers of the said Regiment be required (in Absence of their Colonel) to obey the said Captain Chudleigh, their Officer in Chief, according to the Discipline of War.

However Chudleigh was shortly after serving in the West under his Father for the Parliament.

Impressments

Harl. Mss. 6752 f. 3

To High Sheriff of Co. Glocs: Col. Veale and Commissioners for Berkeley Division.

Trusty, etc. Whereas we have lately issued a Commission under our Great Seale together with instructions authorising you or any three of you to imprest in Berkley Division in ye County of Gloucester the full number of 1000 men to be brought into our City at Bristoll at such time as the Governor shall direct for the wintering our forces in that Garrison. Now our pleasure is that you forthwith raise five hundred of that number to be impressed and brought into such place in that Division as Colonell Mynne shall desire towards the compleatinge his Regiment of Foote and the Regiment of our dear sonne James Duke of York under the command of Sir William St. Leger wherein wee expect you to employ your best care and diligence speedily to effect the same; and so we bid you farewell from our Court at Oxford

3. January 1643(4).

Mynne's regiment at Painswick

The Regiment garrisoned Painswick

SP.23.157.106 Delinquency of Major Richard Bannister Deposition of Ann Viner of Churchdown (in his defence)

That in the time of the late warr there was a report about the Country that that party of the late Kings army which took the Parliament garrison at Painswick 4 miles from Glocester in or about 1644 would garrison Churchdown Church 2 or 3 miles of Glocester to hinder the sending of ammunition and other reliefs from Warwick to Glocester at which time the said Major did with 20 foot souldiers serve and defend the said Church.

Battle of Redmarley

REDMARLEY PARISH REGISTER

  • Soldiers Slain 7 was buried 3 August
  • Ane More 5 was buried 4 August
  • And 1 was buried 6 August
  • And 2 was buried 8 August
  • Johan Angell was buried 22 August

Redmarley

  • Lieutenant Colonel Passey (from Worcester possibly under Col. Wroughton)
  • Sargeant Major John Buller
  • Lieutenant Colonel Adams (Sir John Winters Foot ?)
  • Sargeant Major Kyrle (Nicholas Mynne's Horse Regiment.)
  • 7 Captains, 3 Lieutenants, 5 Ensigns 12 Sargeants and 300 soldiers taken.
(1) Sgt Maj St Leger

SP21.16.149-152 Massie states that Sgt. Major St. Leger killed as reported by his soldiers at Redmarley. Probably Rowland St. Leger formerly of Charles Vavasours Regiment in Ireland.

(2) Slain in Gloucestershire

The Royalist Martyrs Col. Nicholas Mynn slain at ——— in Gloucestershire Lt. Col Story slain at ——– in Glocestershire (Probably Sgt Major Story under Sir William Ogle in Ireland December 1642. SP.17.H.7)

Inchiquin's Letter

E.8.37 A letter from the Right Honourable the Lord Inchiquin… ‘Noble Sir, Some Councellors about the King have prevailed with him to make such an agreement with the Rebels here as leaves the interest he now has in their power, whereof we find they meane to make up for the Extirpation of the English Nation and Protestant Religion out of this Kingdome: and this being discovered unto us by certaine and undoubted intelligence, we have given notice thereof to King and Parliament, whose Assistance we have craved for our owne defence, and the meane time we have turned out the Irish, who we know were the Rebells confederates, now we doubt the King will not approve of what we have done, because the papisticall faction about him will oppose us, but we are confident the Parliament will send us great supplies to follow the warre against the Irish, wherefore, and seeing our cause is so good, we are hopefull as many forces as went from us will come to us forthwith, and you I must desire to come with your whole Regiment to Milford Haven, where you may recrewt your whole Regiment and bring them away in the Parliaments ships, and that you may not scruple at this action, we have sent you our Declaration, which will shew open the realityes of our intentions. Then for incouragement for the Officers and Souldiers, I can assure you to have all arrears allowed in adventures, and that we shall have very good pay for the time to come, I am so confident of your coming that I have writ to the Parliament to make you Major Generall of the forces that shall be now on foote here, which I believe will be no less than 20000 horse and foote, we have already 3000 of our own besides the expectation of my owne Regiment and yours; So that if they send but 2 or 3000 forth of England, and order for the like number of Scots to come by sea hither we shall make up that number. I have likewise sent to the Parliament to get a stipend settled upon you as Governour of (Halboling) which I am confident will be done, for that I hope these inducements calling you to a cause of comfortable, as we may terme it, Gods owne cause, that will make all speed unto us, in expectation wherof I remaine, Your very affectionate Friend and servant, Inchiquin. Cork 20th July 1644.’

According to Thomason, this tract was published in London 14th September 1644, by which time Mynne was dead and his regiment destroyed.

However, several companies seem to have survived the disaster at Redmarley and their officers raised grievances with Scudamore at Hereford.

(3) Grievances of Mynne's officers

Public Record Office

The grievance and requests of Coll: Mynns inferior officers.

To the Honourable Colonell Barnaby Scudamore, Collonell General of the City and County of Hereford: Wee whose names are subscribed represent our greivances and requests as followes viz

1. That notwithstandinge two severall orders granted by Prince Rupert his Highnesse to the Comisssoners for the speedy payment of our arreares, wee have yet received nothinge but sleightinge wordes.

2. That besides those 3 months arreares wee have received but one weekes pay since our Generalls death, not a penny since your Honours Government.

3.That wee are by this meanes much indebted, not a little discouraged.

Our request therefore to your Honour is That you will speedily afford us pay for the present towards the payment of our debts and subsistence as allsoe some certainty for the future otherwise it is impossible for us either cheerfully to passe uppon our duty or continue to doe his Majesties service in this place and these wee have beene bold to comend to your Honours consideration and rest Your Honours most obedient servants

Thomas Swann Chaplayne, Robt. Oakeshall Quartermaster, Nicholas Nott Provost Marshall, Edw. Kinge gent of Armes, John Roads Leiut., Charles Roose Ensigne, Edward Somivond Ensigne, Luke Coulton Ensigne

Muster at Hereford

A subsequent muster roll from Hereford appears to show that Sargeant Major Buller took Command of the Regiment and this is borne out by Officers recorded in I.O. under Buller

Hereford:

  • Captain Moretons Company
  • Sargeant Major Bullers Company
  • Captain Boases Company
  • Captain Maies Company
  • Captain Smyths Company
  • Captain Wiffins Company
  • Lieutenant Corkerams Company
  • Captain Jennings Company
  • Sargeant Major Buttons Company
  • Lieutenant Coopers Company
  • Captain Chaplins Company
  • Captain Mathewes Company (4)

See also Sir Barnaby Scudamore’s Regiment of Foot

Strength

  • 1642: Establishment of 1000 men4)

See Also

1) An English army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press
2) Original research by Victor Judge aka '1642'
3) Grosart (ed) The Lismore Papers 2nd series vol 5 (1888) p105
4) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press