Sir Francis Willoughby’s Regiment of Foot

Active1639 to
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Irish Confederate War
ColonelSir Francis Willoughby
Area RaisedMunster
Coat Colour
Flag ColourGreen & White1)
Flag Designunknown
Field ArmiesStrafford 1640
Ormonde 1641

Also known as the Major General's Regiment of Foot

Regiment of foot raised for Strafford's army and serving in the garrison of Dublin at the outbreak of the Irish rebellion

Service History


  • December: 500 men raised out of existing companies of Strafford's Army


  • March: Ordered that the 500 men should embark for Carlisle2)
  • Garrison Carlisle


  • Form part of Strafford's army in Ireland


  • May: Disbanded
  • October: Re-raised and join garrison of Dublin


  • Harman's company raised in Leinster
  • May: Willoughby's own company in garrison at Dublin3).
  • May: Harman's company at Catherlagh
  • Summer: Willoughby's regiment serving in Connaught4)




Wentworth sent a letter to the King in 1638 regarding the transport of Willoughby's men to Carlisle5).

Thomas Harman's company seems to have been independently raised in Leinster in 1642 before joining Willoughby's by the summer.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

The regiment carried green and white flags of an unknown design when first raised.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is also shown in An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press.

Sir Francis Willoughby

Appointed Major General of the army in Ireland by the King in 1642.

Officer Lists

The 500 men ordered sent to Carlisle.6) This was a composite force “taken equally out of all the companies and five of the old captains taken to command them

  • Colonel Sir Francis Willoughby
  • Lieutenant Colonel Sir Arthur Blundell
  • Major Sir Henry Tichbourne
  • Captain Wenman
  • Capt Blunt

Sir Francis Willoughby's regiment7)

  • Colonel Sir Francis Willoughby- old company in Connaught.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel
  • Sergeant-Major William Willoughby
  • Captain Lord Doewra
  • Captain Robert Biron
  • Captain Thomas Harman,
  • Captain Richard Burrowes
  • Captain James Bolton
  • Captain Gilbert Rawson
  • Sir Francis Willoughbye's new company, now in Dublin Castle :— Captain: John Morrice.


  • Sir Francis Willoughby :—Lord Baltinglas, Sir George St. George, Lord President [of] Connaught, Earle of Clanrickard. Captains : Sir Frederick Hamilton, Sir Charles Coote, Butler, Sir Arthur Tirringham, Lord Lambert.


  • 1642: Establishment of 1000 men8)
  • 1642: 10 companies (summer)

Willoughby's company mustered 3rd May 1642

  • Sir Francis Willoughby :— Present : officers, 10; pikes, 34; musketts, 58 = 102. Absent : sergeant, dead, sicke and seene, 5; absent by lycence, 2 = 7. In all, 109.

Mustered at Dublin 29th November 1642

The Major- Generall's regiment :

  • Major-Generall's company, 93;
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Willoughby, 83
  • Serjeant Major Morris, 70
  • Sir Thomas Rotherham, 82
  • Captaine Oliver Whiler, 58
  • Total = 386.

Mustered 1642

  • Major-Generall, 100
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Willoughby, 80
  • Captaine Willoughby, senior, 70
  • Captaine Wheeler, 60
  • Captaine Willoughby, junior, 60
  • Captaine Charles Bolton, 60
  • Major Coote, 48
  • Lord Castlestewart, 33
  • Total = 511
  • Absent companies: Lord Dockwra, Captaine James Bolton, Captaine Rawson, Captaine Welden, Captaine Thomas Harmon.

See Also

1) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
2) The Bishops’ Wars, Charles I’s campaigns against Scotland 1638-1640. Mark Charles Fissel, Cambridge University Press 1994. ISBN 0 521 34520 0
3) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde, p134
4) An English Army for Ireland Ian Ryder. Partizan Press
5) Rushworth's 'Historical Collections: 1639, March-June', Historical Collections of Private Passages of State: Volume 3: 1639-40, pp. 885-946. URL: Date accessed: 24 June 2014
6) HMC Egmont Mss vol 1 (1905) p107
7) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde
8) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press