Sir William Balfour’s Lifeguard of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir William Balfour
Area Raised
Flag Colour
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesEssex 1642-5

Parliamentarian troop of Cuirassiers of the Earl of Essex’s army

Service History


  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill - 1 troop of Cuirassiers
  • November: Battle of Aylesbury


  • 8th September: Relief of Gloucester
  • September: First Battle of Newbury?


  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • August: Skirmish at Bodmin?
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • August: Skirmish on Caradon Down
  • September: Skirmish at Crediton?
  • October: Skirmish at Blandford?
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury


  • April: Reduced into the New Model Army


Their later service history shown above is under the assumption that they were usually attached to Sir William Balfour’s Regiment of Horse.


According to Blount:Sir Will. Belfore Maj.Gen: represented the King on hors-back with the Crown on his head, and his sceptre in his hand, and many armed men (which is like he intended for those of his own Troup) kneeling and laying down their Armes at His Majesties Horse feet, and the motto, PACEM TE POSCIMUS OMNES2).

According to Prestwich: Colonell Sir William Balfore, Lieutenant Generall of the Horfe. Gules, a Field Vert, and from the left fide a crowd of men, all in armour as knights, and on foot, bending on their knees, fome of them only on their left knees, and before them, lying on the ground, two undrawn fwords, their points towards them, and their fcabbards all proper ; fome of thefe men with hands clofed as in prayer, while others have theirs ftretched out as if in the act of fupplicating mercy from the King, who appears before them, mounted on a white horfe, with right leg uplifted, bridled Gules, caparifoned or faddled Or ; the King in armour, and in his right-hand his Scepter, all of gold crowned of the fame ; over all, on a label or fcroll of three folds, thefe words, PACEM TE-POSICIMUS-OMNES ; fringed Argent, and Sable and Argent intermixed3).

Balfour's cornet is depicted in Illustration 1.

Notable Officers

A list of officers is shown in Laurence Spring's Waller's Army, The Regiments of Sir William Waller's Southern Association The Pike and Shot Association 2007 ISBN 978-1-902768-34-2

Sir William Balfour


See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
3) Prestwich's Respublica, London, 1787