Sir Henry Foulis’ Regiment of Horse

Active1642 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir Henry Foulis
Sir William Fairfax
Matthew Alured
Area RaisedYorkshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesFairfax 1642-5

Later Sir William Fairfax’s, then Colonel Matthew Alured’s Regiment of Horse

Parliamentarian regiment of horse serving throughout the First Civil War in the Northern Association with the Fairfaxes in Yorkshire

Service History


  • December: Skirmish at Piercebridge
  • December: Battle of Tadcaster


  • January: Skirmish at Bradford
  • January: Storm of Leeds
  • March: Battle of Seacroft Moor
  • May: Storm of Wakefield
  • June: Battle of Adwalton Moor
  • September: Sir William Fairfax takes over as Colonel from Sir Henry Foulis


  • January: Battle of Nantwich
  • February to May: Siege of Lathom House
  • March: Skirmish at Market Drayton
  • April: Storm of Selby
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • August to November: Siege of Liverpool
  • September: Battle of Montgomery; Sir William Fairfax killed in action
  • Matthew Alured appointed Colonel


  • March: Battle of Pontefract
  • August: Siege of Skipton Castle
  • October: Battle of Sherburn in Elmet


  • February: Disbanded


Foulis, William Fairfax and Matthew Alured all commanded troops in Lord Fairfax’s army of the Northern Association in early 1643, as did Alured’s brothers, John and Charles. While seemingly often acting independently, they appear to first have been regimented under Sir Henry Foulis. According to Alured's pay claim1) this was a single regiment under Colonels Sir Henry Foulis, Sir William Fairfax, and Matthew Alured in succession. By January 1644 Sir William Fairfax appears as Colonel, but was killed in action at Montgomery in the September and succeeded by Matthew Alured who led the regiment until it was disbanded in February 1646.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir Henry Foulis

Lieutenant General of horse under Lord Fairfax, he gave up his commission to Sir William Fairfax in September 1643 and died the next month.

Sir William Fairfax

Sir William Fairfax was a cousin of Sir Thomas Fairfax, he was mortally wounded at the Battle of Montgomery.

Colonel Matthew Alured

In 1659 he took over Colonel Thomas Sheffield’s Regiment of Horse of the New Model Army.

Officer List

  • Major Titus Leighton (Under Foulis, served 13/08/43 - 03/09/43 until slayne in the said service)2)
  • Captain Richard Cracroft (10/06/44 - 23/01/46 previously Lt to Major Mathew Alured from 22/09/43)3)
  • Captain Cornelius Vanderhurst (20/05/44 - 01/05/45 previously Capt of Dragoons to Lord Willoughby of Parham)4)


See Also

1) N. A. SP28/34/399
2) N.A. SP28/34/45-6
3) SP28/253A/LiberB/item98
4) N.A. SP28/267/pt4/70