Colonel John Fox’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643-1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelJohn Fox
Area RaisedWarwickshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison
Denbigh 1644

Parliamentarian regiment of horse based at Edgbaston Hall and known for their prolific raiding

Service History

1643

  • October: Garrison of Edgbaston Hall
  • December: Siege of Aston Hall

1644

  • February: Fox commissioned Colonel
  • March: Taking of Stourton Castle
  • March: Skirmish at Stourbridge Heath
  • March: Loss of Stourton Castle
  • April: Taking of Hawkesley Hall
  • May: Skirmish at Bewdley
  • May: Skirmish at Bromsgrove
  • June: Siege of Dudley Castle
  • June: Battle of Tipton Green
  • June: Storm of Oswestry
  • September: Skirmish with Colonel John Lane’s Regiment of Horse at Asheton Fair
  • December: Skirmish at Dudley

1645

  • May: Besieged at Hawkesley Hall?

Notes

Fox had originally served as a Captain of Horse under Lord Brooke and was apparently leading a independent company of Dragoons when he seized Edgbaston. The note of his commission as Colonel in the Denbigh Mss1) is undated but can have been no later than 12th Feb. 1644 when Reynold Fox was commissioned to be his Major2).

A journal article discusses Tinker Fox and his exploits Hopper, Andrew (1999), "'Tinker' Fox and the Politics of Garrison Warfare in the West Midlands, 1643-50", Midland History 26 (1): 98–113. His garrison is now re-enacted by Colonel John Fox’s Regiment of the English Civil War Society. Fox also had two troops of dragoons in garrison at Edgbaston.

Flags

Notable Officers

Colonel John ‘Tinker’ Fox

John Fox was nicknemd 'Tinker' by Royalist propagandists. Rumoured to have been King Charles I’s executioner, this is not supported by any evidence. Another biography at Colonel John Fox’s Regiment website

Officer List

Major Raynold Fox (12/02/44 - 01/04/45)

Colonel's brother

Captain Humphrey Tudman

Colonel's brother-in-law

Captain William Fox

Colonel's brother may have taken over Captain Williams troop

Captain John Johnson (24/02/44 - 31/05/46)

Captain [ ] Williams

Captain William Gouge??

Governor of Hawkesley House after it's capture by Fox. He was probably under the Worcestershire Committee rather than one of Fox's Officers. Following the destruction of Hawkesley he commanded a Foot company in Evesham under Colonel Rous.

Strength

Denbigh's Commission was for 6 troops of horse and 2 companies of dragoons. At it's peak in late 1644 the regiment probably had 3 or 4 troops of horse and 2 of dragoons. By mid 1645 strength was down to 1 troop of horse and 2 of dragoons and by the end of the year to a single troop with a detachment of foot having to be sent from Coventry to help secure the garrison.

See Also

Fox's garrison is now re-enacted by Colonel John Fox’s Regiment of the English Civil War Society.

1) Warwick R.O. CR2017/C9/54
2) N.A. SP28/37/509