Colonel Francis Russell’s Regiment of Horse

Active1644 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelFrancis Russell
Bartholomew Vermuyden
Charles Fleetwood
Area RaisedEast Anglia
Flag ColourRed
Flag Designsome known
Field ArmiesManchester 1643-5

Later Colonel Bartholomew Vermuyden’s Regiment of Horse, then Colonel Charles Fleetwood’s Regiment of Horse

Parliamentarian regiment of horse of the Eastern Association fighting at Marston Moor and joining the New Model Army in 1645

Service History



  • February to March: Siege of Newark (det)
  • March: Battle of Cotes Bridge (det)
  • March: Battle of Newark (det)
  • March: Fleetwood in command
  • May to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor - 6 troops
  • July: Siege of York
  • Quartered in Lincolnshire
  • August to October: Siege of Banbury Castle
  • October: Fail to prevent relief of Banbury Castle



Flags & Equipment

Colonel Russell's cornet was red with a red and white fringe and a yellow scroll with the motto THROUGH GOD WE SHALL DOE VALIANTLY1).

Colonel Fleetwood's cornet was blue with a blue and yellow fringe, it showed an arm wielding a sword emerging from a cloud and the motto on a scroll GOD IS MY STRENGTH2).

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment’s officers is shown in Laurence Spring’s Regiments of the Eastern Association3)

Colonel Francis Russell

Francis Russell's troop was raised in October 1643 as part of the Earl of Essex's regiment.

Colonel Bartholomew Vermuyden

Only briefly commanded by Vermuyden, who led his own regiment in the Eastern Association, Colonel Bartholomew Vermuyden’s Regiment of Horse.

Colonel Charles Fleetwood

Charles Fleetwood originally served in the Earl of Essex’s Lifeguard Troop of Horse before commanding a troop in Essex's army. By March 1644 he was commanding this regiment and took it into the New Model Army in 1645.


  • 6 troops at Marston Moor

See Also

1) , 2) , 3) The Regiments of the Eastern Association Vol. 1, Laurence Spring, Stuart Press 1998 ISBN 1 85804 119 8