Earl of Denbigh’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelEarl of Denbigh
Thomas Archer?
Area RaisedWarwickshire
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesEssex 1643
Denbigh 1644

Perhaps later Colonel Thomas Archer's Regiment of Horse

Parliamentarian regiment of horse serving under Denbigh in the Midlands

Service History


  • March: Lt. Col. Peyto serving with the regiment
  • 18th September: Skirmish at Aldbourne Chase
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury


  • January 20th: Attacked at Newcastle-under-Lyme
  • March: Skirmish at Market Drayton
  • May 26th - 29th: Siege of Rushall Hall
  • June 2nd - 11th: Siege of Dudley Castle
  • June 12th: Battle of Tipton Green
  • June 22nd: Capture of Oswestry
  • July 4th: Capture of Mountside bridge
  • July 5th: Skirmish outside Shrewsbury
  • July 8th: Capture of Cholmondley House
  • July c20th: Denbigh returns to London
  • July 25th: Skirmish at Alcester
  • July: Archer ordered to garrison Evesham
  • August: Garrisoned at Campden Gloucestershire
  • September: Archer commissioned colonel of the Warwickshire regiment of horse
  • September: Capture of Monmouth
  • October: Siege of Banbury (det)


  • March: William Lygon in command of the regiment
  • April: Pay claims by the regiment's officers end


Based on Lord Fielding's troop of Lord Fielding’s Regiment of Horse of Essex's army. The rest of the regiment remained with Essex, serving under Colonel Middleton. The number of troops apparently serving under Denbigh is remarkable even for a double regiment. Possibly Colonel Thomas Archer took over the regiment, or at least part of it, after Denbigh's departure following the Self-Denying Ordinance in 1645.

Flags & Equipment

Grey coated or perhaps grey cloaked? The Staffordshire committee delivered 8 1/2 yards of gray cloth to Capt Rooper's Quartermaster.

Captain Rooper's cornet was blue fringed silver and black bearing a sword besmeared with blood encircled by a silver ribbon with the motto Rubra sanguine ut sanguinem sistat (Red with blood in order to halt the bleeding). This was apparently taken by the Royalists at Newcastle-under-Lyme

Notable Officers

Earl of Denbigh

Bazil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh inherited the earldom from his father William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh after the first Earl was killed fighting for the Royalists alongside Prince Rupert at the storm of Birmingham. Denbigh fought under Essex, commanding a regiment of horse at Edgehill (see Lord Fielding’s Regiment of Horse). He then secured an independent command in the Midlands, raising new regiments of horse and foot. He resigned his commands after the Self-Denying Ordinance, but had not been exercising field command since the end of July 1644.

Colonel Samuel Rooper

Of Heanor Derbyshire (c1600 - 1658) a lawyer of Lincoln's Inn and before the war apparently steward to Lord Byron's court. Badly wounded at the Aldbourne Chase skirmish before 1st Newbury but active again by January 1644. He was apparently Lieutenant Colonel of one of Denbigh's regiments between May and June 1644 before being promoted to Colonel but not raising a regiment. He was also commissioned as Treasurer Generall to Denbigh's forces in July 1644 but as no money was received he claimed no pay.

Colonel Thomas Archer

Colonel William Lygon

Took over command of the Warwickshire horse from Archer by March 16451).

Major William Tovey

A professional soldier, he was retained as a half-pay quartermaster by Parliament in 1642 before becoming quartermaster to Denbigh's original troop in Essex's Army. When Denbigh was commissioned to raise his new regiment he quickly transfered to take command of the Lifeguard troop. Ended the war with the rank of Major although this does not seem to have been a regimental command.

Officer List

  • Colonel The Lord Denbigh
    • Captain-Lieutenant John Preston?
    • Cornet William Walters?
    • Quartermaster Samuel Trumbull (27/07/43 - 20/05/44)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Peyto (23/03/43 - 02/04/45)
    • Lieutenant Hitchcox (05/44 so could be the same man as Cornet Thomas Hichcock under Major Fraser)
    • Cornet John Downes
    • Quartermaster Thomas Roberts
  • Major Thomas Fraser (17/07/43 - 14/02/45) (Scottish)
    • Lieutenant James Mercer (20/07/43 - 19/02/44?)
    • Lieutenant Thomas Perkins (20/06/44 - 20/01/45)
    • Cornet Thomas Hichcock (20/07/43 - 19/02/44?)
    • Cornet Thomas Perkins ( /03/44 - 20/06/44)
    • Cornet A Millie (20/06/44 - 20/01/45)
    • Quartermaster Joseph Collett
  • Captain Samuel Rooper (16/06/43 - 02/04/45)
    • Lieutenant Robert Williams
    • Lieutenant Thomas Ince
    • Cornet Edward Woodford (08/43)
    • Cornet Stephen Powers (07/07/44 - / /44)
    • Quartermaster Thomas Ince
  • Captain William Tovey (Denbigh's Lifeguard Troop) (21/06/43 - 02/04/45)
    • Lieutenant Edward Bardolph?
    • Cornet Thomas Ince
    • Cornet Abbott
  • Captain John Wootton (22/06/43 - 31/12/43)
  • Captain Valentine Walton (in 1643 left regiment before 26/08/43)
  • Captain Walter Scott (Dragoons) (11/12/43 - 30/03/45)
    • Lieutenant William Smith
  • Captain John Birkbeck (17/02/44 - 30/03/45)
    • Lieutenant Francis Feckman
    • Lieutenant Lawrence Nayler
    • Cornet Lawrence Nayler
  • Captain John Morrice (at least 23/02/44 - 01/01/45 from commission of his QM) A Scotsman
    • Lieutenant Samuel Trumbull (20/05/44 - 05/04/45)
    • Quartermaster Morteys Moritha (28/02/44 - 01/01/45)
  • Captain George Bowes (at least 01/03/44 - 03/04/45 from commission of his QM) (Although ceasing to be paid as part of Denbigh's Army in April 1645 the troop actually continued in existence until at least 22/02/46)
    • Quartermaster Richard Thomson (01/03/44 - 03/04/45)
  • Captain Enseby Glover (01/03/44 - 03/06/44 the date of his death)
    • Cornet Robert Mason ( 01/04/44 - 14/06/44)
    • Quartermaster Abraham Clements (09/03/44 - 14/04/44)
  • Captain John Cotton (04/03/44 - 20/12/44)
    • Cornet John Finch (04/10/44 - 10/01/45)
    • Quartermaster John Finch (04/03/44 - 04/10/44)
    • Quartermaster Nicholas Rowall
  • Captain John Smith (22/03/44 - 27/03/45, for about 40 weeks of this time he was prisoner at Lichfield)
    • Lieutenant Richard Coles
    • Quartermaster Walter Powell
  • Captain Richard Bray (23/03/44 - 30/03/45)
    • Lieutenant Robert Martin *Lieutenant John Key
    • John Comby
  • Captain Thomas Roberts (08/04/44 - 08/01/45)
    • Lieutenant Thomas Roberts
    • Cornet Isack Roberts
    • Quartermaster Thomas Nevill
  • Captain Richard Turton (12/04/44 -24/03/45)
    • Lieutenant Robert Simons
    • Lieutenant Henry James
    • Cornet Francis Brownford
    • Richard Burdett
  • Captain Samuel Tyler (02/05/44 - 28/03/45)
  • Captain Thomas Archer (by 08/06/44) (By July 1644 Archer appears to be a Colonel or possibly Lieutenant Colonel and commanding Denbigh's horse along side Major Frasier. In 1645 he had his own regiment in Worcestershire which appears to have been partly formed from Denbigh's regiment)
    • Lieutenant Thomas Denny (08/06/44 - 28/02/45)
  • Captain Robert Mason (14/06/44 - 01/02/45) (Took over Glover's troop of which he had been Cornet)
    • Quartermaster Richard Thomson (14/06/44 - /01/45)
  • Captain Richard Acock (01/11/44 - 30/03/45)
  • Captain Chamberlin
    • Lieutenant John Mounford
  • Captain Church
  • Captain William Halford
    • Lieutenant Hugh Parrey
  • Captain Robert Yates
    • Lieutenant Robert Ward
  • Captain Philip Young
    • Lieutenant James Napper
  • Captain William Acock (slaine and the troop taken over by his brother Richard 01/11/44)
  • Captain Powers (A Mr Powers (probably the same man as the cornet under Capt Rooper) was apparently going to London to raise men and horses in July 1644 after being promised a commission from Denbigh)


In May 1644 the regiment was described as 400 strong with 12 colours but more troops than colours. Few if any of Denbigh's force were ever mustered.

See Also